Desloge, Missouri

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Desloge, Missouri
City
Location of Desloge, Missouri
Location of Desloge, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°52′22″N 90°31′14″W / 37.87278°N 90.52056°W / 37.87278; -90.52056Coordinates: 37°52′22″N 90°31′14″W / 37.87278°N 90.52056°W / 37.87278; -90.52056
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Francois
Incorporated 1941
Area[1]
 • Total 2.90 sq mi (7.51 km2)
 • Land 2.90 sq mi (7.51 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 805 ft (246 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 5,054
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,984
 • Density 1,742.8/sq mi (672.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63601
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-19216[4]
GNIS feature ID 0755987[5]

Desloge /dəˈlʒ/[6] is a city in St. Francois County, Missouri. The population was 5,054 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The City of Desloge, Missouri was founded by Firmin V. Desloge, II son of Firmin René Desloge, the founder of the Desloge Family in America, who migrated from France and settled in Potosi. Both Desloges were descendants of French nobility.[7] Firmin V. Desloge, II became acquainted with mining through his father and acquired many claims in the area of what is modern day Desloge and Bonne Terre. Desloge developed one of his claims just north of Bonne Terre and built a concentrating plant there.

The plant was destroyed by fire in 1883 and rather than rebuild, Firmin Desloge decided to explore his properties in the present area of Desloge. This new plant and the consolidation of several local mining companies under the Desloge family name became known as the Desloge Consolidated Lead Company. In 1887, the land was cleared and company houses for his staff were constructed in an area referred to as "Desloge Town", just west of the present day railroad tracks. Here, Desloge sank a shaft and built a concentrating plant which commenced operations in 1892. Desloge Missouri and the regional Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District became one of the principal lead mining centers in the US.[8] The Desloge Consolidated Lead Company plant ran under the family operation until 1929 when the company was sold to the St. Joe Lead Company.[9][10]

Firmin Desloge II, who died in 1930, willed to his family the original 47 acres (190,000 m2) of the hand-dug pits of the original lead mining operations and the deeply rutted wagon tracks on a property. The family then donated this land for a park, today named Firmin Desloge Park, and dedicated it to the mining families in the area.

Firmin Desloge moved to St. Louis in the early 1900s. His son, Firmin Desloge III was superintendent of mines until he moved his family including his sons Firmin V. Desloge IV, William Livingston Desloge and Theodore P. Desloge to St. Louis in 1921.

The City of Desloge was incorporated on March 7, 1941 with D.E. Brown as its first Mayor.

Recreation[edit]

In the center of town (at Parkside & Walnut Streets), Desloge City Park, offering an Olympic size swimming pool, tennis courts, picnic tables, barbecue pits, amphitheater, walking/jogging path, and playground equipment. Brightwell Park (at Cedar Street & Brightwell Blvd.) features three baseball diamonds for little to senior league baseball and softball.

Community services[edit]

The City of Desloge Police Department employs 10 personnel, offering 24 hour protection. Emergency calls are handled by the St. Francois County Joint Communications Center. In an emergency, dial 911. The City of Desloge Police Department is located at 1000 North Desloge Drive. The City of Desloge Volunteer Fire Department is one of the finest volunteer departments in St. Francois County. This professionally trained department utilizes state of the art equipment, including a 2000 Pumper Truck. The City of Desloge Volunteer Fire Department is located at 100 Chadrick Street. The City of Desloge Public Works Department oversees the Municipal Waterworks system, streets & alleys, trash removal, recycling, and city maintenance. The Public Works Department is located at 1000 East Chestnut Street. Free, once a week, trash pickup is offered to Desloge residents. A citywide, voluntary, recycling program is also available.

Health services[edit]

The City of Desloge is centrally located to two health and medical service providers. BJC Health Systems operates in Bonne Terre and Farmington. Mineral Area Regional Medical Center, an osteopathic institution, is in Farmington.

Education[edit]

Educational opportunities in Desloge are provided by the North County R-1 School District, serving grades K-12, the Unitec Career Center, offering business and industry training, and Mineral Area College, a two year community college, and the first in the state of Missouri to offer the 2+2 program, offering a full four year degree through Central Methodist University.

Geography[edit]

Desloge is located at 37°52′22″N 90°31′14″W / 37.872781°N 90.520484°W / 37.872781; -90.520484 (37.872781, -90.520484).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.90 square miles (7.51 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 5,054 people, 2,092 households, and 1,361 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,742.8 inhabitants per square mile (672.9 /km2). There were 2,274 housing units at an average density of 784.1 per square mile (302.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.37% White, 0.77% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 2,092 households of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.9% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 37.4 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,802 people, 1,963 households, and 1,336 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,808.8 people per square mile (699.6/km2). There were 2,115 housing units at an average density of 796.7 per square mile (308.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.63% White, 0.10% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 1,963 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,956, and the median income for a family was $40,035. Males had a median income of $35,451 versus $19,599 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,235. About 6.2% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ də·lōzh′
  7. ^ Sieur Robert Desloge who died prior to April 23, 1754
  8. ^ "Southeast Missouri Mining and Milling". Doe Run Company. 2004. http://www.doerun.com/SEMO/tabid/94/language/en-US/Default.aspx. Retrieved 2010-04-05
  9. ^ Desloge Consolidated Lead Company records at Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, MO
  10. ^ May 31, 1929 The Lead Belt News
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]