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This article is about the German tractor manufacturer. For other uses, see Deutz.
Deutz-Fahr logo
Deutz-Fahr Agrotron 215 tractor
Deutz-Fahr StarLiner 4045H combine harvester

Deutz-Fahr German tractor, now a part of SAME Deutz-Fahr, traces its roots to 1894 when Deutz was founded. Deutz merged with Fahr, founded in 1870 by Johann Georg Fahr, in 1961 to become Deutz-Fahr. KHD, (Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz), became the owner of Deutz-Fahr.

In 1969, KHD purchased the KÖLA company, a German-based manufacturer of combines.

Other joint ventures or cooperations included the Agrale-Deutz, with the Agrale tractor company; collaborations with the Indian Kirloskar company, manufacturer of engines and tractors; MeMo, a German company that exported Deutz-based tractors to the USA; PMA in Algeria; owned 30% of the Steiger company after International Harvester sold out; Torpedo, which built licensed tractors, sometimes under the Torpedo Deutz name; and trac-technik, (derived from Deutz Intrac's).

In Canada, Deutz-Fahr tractors were sometimes sold under the Co-op Implements name through a co-op of dealers.

KHD moved to grow the company with the purchase of the farm equipment business of the Allis-Chalmers company in 1985, which included the Gleaner combines. The Allis-Chalmers name was retired from the line, and it became Deutz-Allis.

KHD and Deutz-Allis struggled financially, and Deutz-Fahr sold the North American operations to a newly formed group, the Gleaner-Allis Corporation, later changed to Allis Gleaner Corporation, or AGCO, in 1990.

Deutz-Fahr continued having problems, and sold the Argentine operations to AGCO in 1997, including the Argentine engine business.

In 1995, KHD sold Deutz-Fahr to SAME Lamborghini-Hürlimann (SLH), or SAME, which renamed itself SAME Deutz-Fahr (SDF). The combine business was discontinued and out-sourced to AGCO. All Deutz-Fahr combines were then built at AGCO's Dronningborg factory in Denmark.

SDF purchased the Deutz AG engine business from the former KHD in 2003, and then purchased the Ðuro Ðakovic combine business in Croatia, which built combines licensed from Deutz-Fahr.

Deutz-Fahr had a joint venture in Argentina and built combines under the Deutz-Araus brand. AGCO later discontinued that brand and sold the Araus name to the Metalfor company.

In August 2007, Deutz sold the engine company, (part of which was formerly MWM GmbH) to the financial investor 3i as Deutz Power Systems (DPS) for 360 million euro. DPS was later renamed MWM GmbH.

The history of Fahr[edit]

[1] The company Fahr was founded by Johann Georg Fahr in the second half of 1800 and one of its most important products was the self-binder, manufactured in 1911, while the first tractor, the Fahr F22, was built in 1938 from an idea of Wilfred Fahr and Bernhard Flerlage and had a 22 hp Deutz F2M414 twin-cylinder diesel engine.

The first design was developed, to become the Fahr T22 in 1940 and the Fahr holzgasschlepper HG25 in 1942. After the end of World War Two, the Company had to adapt to new needs, expanding its product range. Models included the Fahr D30 W (1949), D15(1949), Fahr D12N (1953), the Fahr D17N (1953), D90 (1954) and Fahr D180H(1954). In 1961, KHD acquired 25% of the shares in Fahr. The acquisition and complete control of plants and business operations was completed in 1977.

Models produced[edit]

  • Machines and equipment for land farming: forage choppers, threshers, grain mills, mills, presses and hoists (1870)
  • Forage harvesters: mowers, tedders, rakes (1896)
  • Harvesters for cereals, reapers, self-binders and combine harvesters (1909)
  • Hay and straw harvesters: presses, rotary presses, balers, straw choppers, maize choppers, self-loading trailers (1952)
  • Machines for transport, fertilisation and tilling (1954)

Fahr Tractors[edit]

  • F22 (1938)
  • T22 (1940)
  • HG25 (1942)
  • D28U (1948)
  • D30W – D22 – D15 (1949)
  • D15H (1950)
  • D30L – D25H – D22P – D22PH (1951)
  • D55L – D12 – D60L – D45L - D12H (1952)
  • D25N – D25NH – D12N – D12NH – D17N – D17NH (1953)
  • D17NA – D17NHA – D90 – D270B – D160 – D160H – D180H – D90H – D270H – D270
  • D130 – D130H (1954)
  • GT130 – D181 – D400A – D400B – (1955)
  • D88 –D66 – D165H (1956)
  • D130A – D130AH (1957)
  • D135 – D135H – D177 (1958)
  • D133N – D177S – D460 – D131W – D131L - D133T (1959)
  • D88E – D132W – D132L (1960)

The history of Deutz[edit]

Deutz Fahr D7007 C

In 1864 Nicolaus August Otto and Eugen Langen founded N.A. Otto &Cie. in Cologne, the first engine factory in the world, which became Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG in 1938. In 1867 the "atmospheric gas engine" developed by N.A. Otto and E. Langen won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle of Paris, for the most economical powered machine for light industry. In 1872 the factory was expanded and the joint-stock company Gasmotoren-Fabrik Deutz AG (GFD) was founded.

In 1876 Nicolaus August Otto completed the “four stroke" internal combustion engine, for all types of fuel; the use of engines began to spread worldwide, starting from Cologne. In 1884 Otto developed ignition with a low voltage magnet. This electrical ignition system was acquired by Robert Bosch for his business. In 1890 the first thresher was built. In 1894 production of self-propelled machines with Otto engines and tractors got underway in Philadelphia (USA). In 1907 the mass production of diesel engines began at GFD.

From 1907-1912, under the management of the Italian-born Ettore Bugatti, some car models were built in Cologne. In 1914 the Company celebrated its 50th anniversary. Up to this date, engines had been produced for an overall hp of 90,000. 3,400 manual workers and 700 office staff were employed at the company. In 1921 a consortium was founded with Motorenfabrik Oberursel AG and the company name was changed to Deutz AG. In 1927 Deutz built its first road tractor with compressor-less diesel engine, in Cologne, the 14 hp Deutz MTH 222 with two forward gears and one reverse gear. In 1930 Motorenfabrik Deutz AG merged with Maschinenbauanstalt Humboldt AG, founded in 1856, and Motorenfabrik Oberursel AF, founded in 1892, merged with Humboldt-Deutz motoren AG. As from 1934, the Deutz F2M 315 was produced. In 1935 the Deutz F3M 317 came into being, followed in 1936 by the "people's tractor", the F1M414, with single-cylinder, water-cooled, 11 hp engine - the first mini-tractor worldwide to be mass-produced. The tractor was decisive in promoting the mechanisation of small farms.

The F1M 414 was built up until 1951. The tractor was then manufactured with an air-cooled engine up until 1959. In 1936 the lorry manufacturer Fahrzeugfabrik C.D. Magirus AG of Ulma was acquired. In 1937/1938 Klöckner was acquired and the company was renamed KHD: Klöckner – Humboldt – DEUTZ AG, one of Germany's largest groups, covering all sectors of the engine industry: cars, lorries, trains, ships, aircraft and tractors. The considerable damage of the war caused production to stop during the winter of 1944 - 1945. At the end of the war, 74% of the Cologne production sites had been destroyed. In 1945 reconstruction started with a massive effort. In 1949 the first tractor with DEUTZ air-cooled diesel engine was mass produced. The F1L514 and F2L514 models were created.

In 1950, five years after the end of the war, the situation and production had returned to normal conditions. Workforce: 13,000 employees; production: 40,000 engines for an overall hp of 1.5 million; 10,000 tractors, 6,000 industrial vehicles; turnover: 300 million Deutschmarks. This was the era of air-cooled engines. The first was the 15 hp F1L 514. In this period, Deutz also introduced direct power take off with dual friction. In 1955 the number of tractors manufactured reached the 100,000 mark. Sales totalled 380,000 units. Thanks to the D 25 (1958), D 40 (1958) and D 15 (1959) with new generation engines and the FL 712 with front suspensions to improve driving comfort, Deutz recorded a huge sales success. In 1953 production of crawlers started. In 1958 the D series of tractors was introduced, with the D 40 model garnering the most success. In 1962 machines began to be equipped with the “Deutz-Transfermatic-System”.

Shortly before the end of the series, the first six-cylinder Deutz was launched in 1964. The D 80 had a 75 hp. In 1964 the Magirus logo became the symbol of the company KHD In 1965 the first German combine harvesters with hydrostatic drive were built at the Lauingen site and were successfully tested. The D05 tractor range was then built (1965) with four-wheel drive, as well as the D06 series (1968) with over 380,000 models sold. Deutz-Fahr was established in 1968, following the acquisition of the majority of share capital in FAHR (Gottmadingen), a leading company and part of the Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG (KHD) group, already producing agricultural equipment in the previous century. In 1969 Ködel&Böhm of Lauingen (Baviera), specialised in the production of agricultural machinery, was acquired. In 1970 Ködel & Böhm, a combine harvester manufacturer, was acquired. In 1972 the INTRAC series of multi-role tractors was unveiled, with multiple automatic hitches for implements, a forward cab layout and a front lift and PTO, making them extremely effective in agricultural, civil and industrial applications alike.

In 1978 the DEUTZ-DX was launched on the market: a new generation tractor, featuring synchronised gears, a forced lubrication system, four-wheel drive as standard, electronic hitch regulation and cabs with elastic suspensions, with a horsepower from 80 to 200. Since 1982 all tractors have had the DEUTZ-FAHR brand In 1984 the DX3 series was introduced, with a horsepower from 46 to 75. In 1989 AGROSTAR tractors with the most silent cab in the world, went into production, with a horsepower from 88 to 143. In 1990 AGROSTAR tractors, with a horsepower from 88 to 143, were launched. In 1992 Deutz-Fahr manufactured its one millionth tractor. In 1993 , with the AGROSTAR 6.71, 6.81 and 8.31, 165 - 230 hp models, ELECTRONIC POWERSHIFT transmissions produced by the SAME+LAMBORGHINI+HÜRLIMANN (SLH) group were used. In 1995 KHD Agrartechnik GmbH of Cologne (tractors) and Deutz-Fahr Erntesysteme GmbH of Lauingen (combine harvesters, balers) were sold to the Italian Group SLH and the SAME DEUTZ-FAHR GROUP came into being.

In 1997 Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz AG changed its company name to Deutz AG. The new company focussed on the development, production, distribution and after-sales service of 4 - 7,400 kW engines. In 2001 the Agrotron TTV series, the new generation of continual transmission, zero power loss engine tractors, was produced. In 2009 Lauingen celebrated 100 years of the industrial manufacture of threshers.

In 2012 the 7250 TTV Agrotron was awarded Tractor of the Year. In 2013 the DEUTZ-FAHR 6 Series and the MaxiVision cab won the 2014 German Design Award.

Deutz Fahr DX 3.1

Models Produced[edit]

  • MTH series (1927)
  • MTZ series (1929)
  • FM series (1934)
  • FL 514 series (1950)
  • FL 612 series (1952)
  • FL 712 series (1958)
  • D series (1957)
  • 05 series (1965)
  • 06 series (1968)
  • INTRAC series (1972)
  • 07 series (1980)
  • 07 C series (1981)
  • DX series (1978)
  • DX 3 series (1984)
  • DX 4-8 series (1983)
  • AGROPRIMA series (1991)
  • AGROXTRA series (1990)
  • AGROSTAR series (1990)
  • AGROTRON series (1995)
  • AGROKID series (1996)
  • AGROPLUS series (1997)
  • AGROTRON MK2 series (1997)
  • AGROCOMPACT series (1998)
  • AGROSUN series (1998)
  • AGROLUX series (2000)
  • AGROTRON MK2 series (2000)
  • AGROTRON TTV series (2003)
  • AGROTRON K series (2005)
  • AGROFARM series (2007)

Today's range[edit]

  • 5D series
  • 5D Series Ecoline
  • 5G series
  • 5C Series
  • 5 Series
  • 5 Series TTV
  • 6 Series
  • 6 Series TTV
  • 7 Series TTV
  • 9 Series
  • Agroplus
  • Agroplus Ecoline
  • Agrolux 65|75
  • Agrolux 310|320|410
  • Agrofarm G 410|430
  • Agrofarm T Ecoline
  • Agrofarm T-TB
  • Agrokid
  • Agroplus F-V-S
  • Agroplus F Ecoline
  • Agroclimber
  • Agroclimber F-V
  • Telescopic - Agrovector
  • Front loaders
  • Combine harvesters C9000 Series; C7000 Series; 6040 Series; 60 Series
  • Precision Farming: Agrosky; iMonitor


External links[edit]

Media related to Deutz-Fahr at Wikimedia Commons