Dheeran Chinnamalai

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Dheeran Chinnamalai
Chieftain of Kongu Nadu
Dheeran Chinnamalai.jpg
Portrait of Dheeran Chinnamalai
Successor British Rule
Full name
Chinnamalai Theerthagiri Gounder
Father Rathnasamy Gounder
Mother Periyatha
Born 17 April 1756
Melapalayam, Erode, Tamil Nadu
Died 31 July 1805
Sankagiri, Tamil Nadu
Burial Odanilai, Arachalur, Tamil Nadu

Dheeran Chinnamalai (born as Chinnamalai Theerthagiri Gounder on April 17, 1756) was a Kongu chieftain and Palayakkarar from Tamil Nadu who rose up in revolt against the British East India Company.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Melapalayam near Erode in Tamil Nadu.[1]

Statue of Dheeran Chinnamalai at Odanilai

Polygar wars[edit]

Dheeran Chinnamalai was one of the main commanders in the Polygar Wars and commanded a vast army, notably during the Second Polygar War that took place in 1801–1802. His army took French Military training in modern warfare alongside Tipu's Mysore forces to fight against the British East India company. They helped Tipu Sultan in his war against the British and were instrumental in victories at Chitheswaram, Mazahavalli and Srirangapatna.

After Tipu's death, Chinnamalai defeated the British in battles at Cauvery in 1801, Odanilai in 1802 and Arachalur in 1804. Later, Chinnamalai left his fort to avoid cannon attack and engaged in guerrilla warfare while he was stationed at Karumalai in Palani region. He was captured by the British who hanged him at Sankagiri Fort on 31 July 1805.[2][3][4]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dheeran Chinnamalai Gounder by Pulavar S. Rasu, Samba Publications, 1996.
  • Kongu Nattu Lion - Singham Dheeran Chinnamalai by Kavignar Magudam Manickam, Sakunthla Publications, 2001.