|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||84.08 g mol−1|
|Density||1.09 g cm−3|
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Diketene is an organic compound formed by dimerization of ethenone (ketene). Diketene is a member of the oxetane family. It is used as a chemical reagent in organic chemistry. It is a colorless liquid and heating regenerates the ketene monomer. Alkylated ketenes also dimerize with ease and form substituted diketenes.
Diketene readily hydrolyses in water forming acetoacetic acid, its half-life in pure water is approximately 45 minutes a 25 °C at 2<pH<7. Diketene also reacts with alcohols and amines to the corresponding acetoacetic acid derivatives. An example is the reaction with 2-aminoindane:
Despite its high reactivity as an alkylating agent, and unlike analogue β-lactones propiolactone and β-butyrolactone, diketene is inactive as a carcinogen, possibly due to the instability of its DNA adducts.
Diketene is an important industrial intermediate used for the production of acetoacetate esters and amides as well as substituted 1-phenyl-3-methylpyrazolones. The latter are used in the manufacture of dyestuffs and pigments.
- This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
- Beilstein E III/IV 17: 4297.
- Rafael Gómez-Bombarelli, Marina González-Pérez, María Teresa Pérez-Prior, José A. Manso, Emilio Calle and Julio Casado (2008). "Kinetic Study of the Neutral and Base Hydrolysis of Diketene". Phys. Org. Chem 22 (5): n/a. doi:10.1002/poc.1483.
- Kiran Kumar Solingapuram Sai, Thomas M. Gilbert, and Douglas A. Klumpp (2007). "Knorr Cyclizations and Distonic Superelectrophiles". J. Org. Chem. 72 (25): 9761–9764. doi:10.1021/jo7013092. PMID 17999519.
- Rafael Gómez-Bombarelli, Marina González-Pérez, María Teresa Pérez-Prior, José A. Manso, Emilio Calle and Julio Casado (2008). "Chemical Reactivity and Biological Activity of Diketene". Chem. Res. Toxicol. 21 (10): 1964–1969. doi:10.1021/tx800153j. PMID 18759502.
- Ashford's Dictionary of Industrial Chemicals, Third Edition, 2011, pages 3241-2.