Dipterocarpus retusus

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Dipterocarpus retusus
Dipterocarpus retusus - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-054.jpg
from Koehler's Medicinal-Plants (1887)
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Dipterocarpaceae
Genus: Dipterocarpus
Species: D. retusus
Binomial name
Dipterocarpus retusus
Blume
Synonyms
  • D. tonkinensis A. Chev.

Dipterocarpus retusus is a large tree and perhaps the best known species in the genus Dipterocarpus. It is known as chhë tiël pré:ng in Khmer,[2] as 东京龙脑香 dong jing long nao xiang in Chinese.[3] It is native to China, Vietnam, Philippines, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar, and India.[1][2] The tree, some 20-30m tall, is found in Cambodia in dense forests of the plains, common on hillsides and along rivers and in forests between 800m and 1500m altitude.[2]

Dipterocarpus retusus in Vietnam

Uses[edit]

It is famed for its timber and resin. In Cambodia, the resin is collected by people in the mountainous regions, in order to make torches and candles, while the wood is used in construction to make columns and boards.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ashton, P. (1998). "Dipterocarpus retusus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d DY PHON, Pauline, 2000, Plants Used In Cambodia, printed by Imprimerie Olympic, Phnom Penh
  3. ^ Flora of China, http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/pdf/PDF13/Dipterocarpus.pdf