Director of the United States Secret Service
|Director of the
United States Secret Service
Flag of the U.S. Secret Service
|U.S. Department of Homeland Security|
|Reports to||Secretary of Homeland Security|
|Appointer||President of the United States|
|Term length||No term limit|
|Inaugural holder||William P. Wood (as Chief)|
|Formation||July 5, 1865|
The Director of the United States Secret Service is the head of the U.S. Secret Service, and responsible for the day-to-day operations. The Secret Service is concerned with the prevention and investigation of counterfeiting of U.S. currency and U.S. treasury securities, and the protection of current and former national leaders and their families, such as the President and Vice President, and foreign dignitaries.
The Secret Service is a federal law enforcement agency that is part of the United States Department of Homeland Security. The Director is appointed serving at the approbation of the President of the United States, and is not subject to Senate confirmation. The Director reports to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and operates with the general directions thereof. Prior to March 1, 2003, the Secret Service was a part of the United States Department of the Treasury.
President Abraham Lincoln signed legislation creating the Secret Service on April 14, 1865, the day of his assassination. It was commissioned on July 5, 1865, in Washington, D.C. as the "Secret Service Division" of the Department of the Treasury. After being appointed by President Andrew Johnson, William P. Wood was sworn in as the first Chief of the Secret Service on July 5, 1865 by Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch.
When the Secret Service was established, its head was called the Chief of the Secret Service. In 1965, the title was changed to the Director of the Secret Service, four years into the term of James Joseph Rowley (1961–1973). The longest serving head of the Secret Service was William H. Moran, who served under five presidents from 1917 to 1936.
List of Chiefs and Directors
- Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
- Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
- Director of the United States Marshals Service
- Federal law enforcement in the United States
- "United States Secret Service: Investigative Mission". United States Secret Service. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "United States Secret Service: Employment Opportunities - Uniformed Officer". United States Secret Service. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Records of the U.S. Secret Service (USSS)". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- Resse, Shawn (2012-04-16). "The U.S. Secret Service: An Examination and Analysis of Its Evolving Missions". Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Secret Service veteran first woman to lead it". The Boston Globe. 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- On March 1, 2003, the Secret Service was transferred from United States Department of the Treasury to the United States Department of Homeland Security, pursuant to the Homeland Security Act of 2002.
- "A Brief History Of: The Secret Service". TIME. 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "The U.S. Secret Service in History". National Archives and Records Administration. 1998. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Secret Service History". United States Secret Service. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "President Obama Announces A Key Administration Post". The White House. 2013-03-26. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
- "Obama to name Julia Pierson as new Secret Service director". Washington Post. 2013-03-26. Retrieved 2013-03-31.