John Wilkie

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John Wilkie
John Elbert Wilkie.jpg
John Wilkie, 1908
Born 1860
Elgin, Illinois
Died December 13, 1934

John Elbert Wilkie (1860 – December 13, 1934) was an American journalist and Director of the United States Secret Service from 1898 to 1911.

Journalist[edit]

At age 19, Wilkie joined the staff of the Chicago Times as a reporter. His father, Frank B. Wilkie, was an editorial writer at the newspaper; the two traveled to Europe and served as the Times' European correspondents. Upon returning to the United States, Wilkie joined the staff of the Chicago Tribune, where he initially served as financial editor and later city editor.[1] While at the Tribune, Wilkie hired satirist Finley Peter Dunne.[2]

On August 8, 1890, while working for the Tribune, Wilkie wrote a pseudonymous article that first described the Indian Rope Trick. Featured on the front page of paper's second section, it was soon picked up by newspapers throughout the United States and United Kingdom, and it was translated into nearly every European language. Soon a number of people claimed to remember having seen the trick as far back as the 1850s. Four months later, the Tribune printed a retraction noting the story had been "written for the purpose of presenting a theory in an entertaining form."[3] However, the notice of the hoax garnered little attention the myth of the Indian Rope Trick perpetuated for years. When The People's Friend, a British weekly magazine, contacted the Tribune in order to contact individuals mentioned in the story, Wilkie wrote a personal note: "I am led to believe that the little story attracted more attention than I dreamed it could, and that many accepted it as perfectly true. I am sorry that anyone should have been deluded."[3]

By 1893, Wilkie had moved to London to work on behalf of an American railroad and steamship office. He returned to the United States in 1897 to go into private business. Sometime in these years he began working with the United States Secret Service, though those knew him personally were not aware of the fact until he became Chief of the bureau.[1]

Secret Service[edit]

In early 1898, Wilke was appointed Chief of the Federal Secret Service, succeeding William P. Hazen. Wilkie's task as Chief was to oversee the protection of important national officials, paramount of which was President William McKinley, foreign dignitaries visiting the United States, as well as combating the counterfeiting of currency. Hazen's tenure had ended in disarray: in 1894, the Secret Service had taken on the responsibility of protecting the President, invoking the ire of the Anti-Federalist lobby; meanwhile a major counterfeiting operation had forced the government to withdraw an entire currency issue. Hazen had been demoted and Wilkie selected to lead the office against the growing counterfeit problem.[2]

The decision to appoint Wilkie was made by Secretary of the Treasury Lyman J. Gage, who wanted to experiment with placing a newspaper man at the head of the bureau.[1]

Wilkie directed counter-intelligence efforts during the Spanish-American War.[2]

Theodore Roosevelt's active lifestyle initially put him at odds with the Secret Service; Wilkie eventually convinced the new President that the annoyance was in the interest of the country, his welfare and the good of those assigned to protect him.[4]

Later career[edit]

Wilkie also served as assistant to the president of the Chicago Surface Lines and vice president of the Chicago Railway company.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c NEW SECRET SERVICE CHIEF.; Sketch of John E. Wilkie, Who Succeeds W.B. Hazen., The New York Times, February 28, 1898, Accessed January 7, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri (2007). The FBI: A History. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-11914-3. 
  3. ^ a b Teller, 'The Rise of the Indian Rope Trick': The Grift of the Magi, The New York Times, February 13, 2005, Accessed January 7, 2009.
  4. ^ Wallace Dunn, Arthur (1922). [From Harrison To Harding: A Personal Narrative Covering A Third Of A Century, 1888-1921 (1922)]. G.P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 0-548-99450-1. 
  • John Elbert Wilkie obituary. Time magazine
  • Norman Ansley. The United States Secret Service. An Administrative History. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science, Vol. 47, No. 1 (May - Jun., 1956), pp. 93–109
  • Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones (2002). Cloak and Dollar: A History of American Secret Intelligence. Connecticut: Yale University Press
  • Wilkie, John. The Secret Service in the War. The American-Spanish War: A History by the War Leaders. Connecticut: Chas. C. Haskell & Son, 1899
  • WILKIE, FORMER HEAD OF SECRET SERVICE, IS DEAD. Surface Lines Official in Recent Years. Chicago Tribune Dec 14, 1934
Government offices
Preceded by
William P. Hazen
Chief, United States Secret Service
1898–1911
Succeeded by
William J. Flynn