District of Galicia

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District of Galicia
District of Galicia
Nazi German District of Galicia, 1941–1944

The District of Galicia (German: Distrikt Galizien, Polish: Dystrykt Galicja) was an administrative unit of the General Government created by Nazi Germany on August 1, 1941 after the opening of Operation Barbarossa. Initially, the territory fell under the Soviet occupation in 1939 during the invasion of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union and temporarily remained in the Soviet hands as part of the Soviet Ukraine. Founded by Adolf Hitler (Document No. 1997-PS of July 17, 1941) with the capital in Lemberg (Lvov), the province existed from 1941 until 1944. It ceased to exist after the Soviet counter-offensive.[1][2]

District of Galicia comprised mainly the pre-war Lwow voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic, today part of western Ukraine. In 1941 after the attack on USSR those territories were taken over by Nazi Germany and incorporated into the General Government. The region was overtaken by the Soviet Union in 1944.

The area was governed by Karl Lasch (de) from 1 August 1941 to 6 January 1942, and by SS Brigadeführer Dr. Otto Wächter from 6 January 1942 to September 1943. Wächter utilised the district capital Lemberg as a recruitment base for the 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Galicia (1st Ukrainian).

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Arne Bewersdorf. "Hans-Adolf Asbach. Eine Nachkriegskarriere". Band 19 Essay 5 (in German). Demokratische Geschichte. pp. 1–42. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ Paczkowski, Andrzej (2003). The Spring Will Be Ours: Poland and the Poles from Occupation to Freedom. Translated by Jane Cave. Penn State Press. pp. 54–. ISBN 0-271-02308-2.