Dmitri Klebanov

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KLEBANOV Dmitri.jpg

Dmitri Lvovich Klebanov (Ukrainian: Дмитрo Львович Клебанiв; Russian: Дмитрий Львович Клебанов; 25 July [O.S. 12 July] 1907 in Kharkiv – 6 June 1987 in Kharkiv) was a Soviet composer. He studied at the Kharkiv Music and Drama Institute (graduated 1926) with S. Bogatyryov. He taught at the Kharkiv Conservatory (professor, 1960). Among his students were Valentin Bibik, Vitaliy Hubarenko, and Viktor Suslin.

Ukrainian composer Dmitri Lvovich Klebanov (1907–1987) is one of a long row of Soviet composers who have more or less disappeared completely from sight. He composed in most genres, including operas and symphonies.

Klebanov studied music academically as a pianist, violist, conductor, and composer, and became a professor of composition at the Kharkov Conservatory. In the late 1930s and early 1940s a couple of ballets, a violin concerto, and a symphony received major performances in Moscow and Kiev. Unfortunately, the first symphony "In Memoriam to the Martyrs of Baba Yar" (1945) fell afoul of Stalinist critics who found it anti-patriotic. Being accused of distortion of the historic truth about the Soviet people and of national narrow-mindedness it was exiled for a life in archives. Stalin made his infamous attack on Soviet artists. The Soviet Composers' Union adopted the unwritten rule that one composer would be selected to take the heat for all of them—Klebanov was it. Although Klebanov was spared exile to Siberia, or worse, he was relegated to an obscure existence and spent most of this period composing politically correct works of "socialist realism" with titles like Ode for the Party and "First of May" Symphony. Following thirty years in de facto exile, Klebanov thawed out with the rest of the USSR in the 1980s.

In 1983 Mela Tenenbaum (violinist/violist) was in Kharkov, Ukraine to play a viola concerto written for her by a pupil of Klebanov, whom she met after the concert. Klebanov suggested Ms. Tenenbaum perform his own Violin Concerto, and after the success of that venture the following season, he wrote a viola concerto expressly for her. This work had a positive reception in several Russian cities and Klebanov found his long-stifled creative energies reviving. Another new work followed, Japanese Silhouettes for soprano, viola d'amore and instrumental ensemble, based on haiku texts translated into Russian. This work was recorded for Radio Kiev with soprano Natalia Kraftzova, and a "rehabilitation" of Klebanov seemed imminent. But the composer died in 1987, just short of his 80th birthday, and soon artistic chaos engulfed the disintegrating Soviet Union. His music disappeared and was thought to have been lost in a fire and flood which destroyed the Musical Foundation building where his scores were kept.

Selected works[edit]

Opera
  • By One Life (Единой жизнью) (1947)
  • Vasily Gubanov (Василий Губанов) (1966)
  • The Communist (Коммунист) (1967); revision of Vasily Gubanov
  • Red Cossacks (Красные казаки) (1971)
  • The Baby Stork (Аистенок), Children's Opera (1934)
Ballet
  • The Baby Stork (Аистенок) (1936)
  • Svetlana (Светлана) (1939)
Musical comedy
  • The Amur Guest (Амурский гость) (1938)
  • To Your Health (За ваше здоровье) (1941)
  • My Guard (Мой гвардеец) (1942)
  • My Boy (Мой мальчик) (1947)
Orchestral
  • На западе бой, Poem for orchestra (1931)
  • Ukrainian Concertino (Украинское концертино) (1940)
  • Symphony No.1 "In Memoriam to the Martyrs of Baba Yar" (1945)
  • Ukrainian Suite (Украинская сюита) (1949)
  • Symphony No.2 (1952)
  • Symphony No.3 (1956)
  • Symphony No.4 (1958)
  • Symphony No.5 (1959)
  • Suite No.1 for chamber orchestra (1971)
  • Four Preludes and Fugues (Четыре прелюдии и фуги) (1975)
  • Героическая поэма, посвященная 30-летию победы в Великой Отечественной войне (1975)
  • Suite No.2 for chamber orchestra (1976)
  • Symphony No.6 (1981)
  • Symphony No.7 (1982)
  • Symphony No.8 "Poeme about bread" for soprano, bass and orchestra (1983)
  • Symphony No.9 (1989)
Concertante
  • Concerto No.1 for violin and orchestra (1939)
  • Poem-Fantasia on a Theme of Nishchinsky (Поэма-фантазия на тему Нищинского) for cello and orchestra (1950)
  • Concerto No.1 for cello and orchestra (1950)
  • Concerto No.2 for violin and orchestra (1951)
  • Concerto for dombra and orchestra (1956)
  • Concerto for flute, harp, string orchestra and percussion (1974)
  • Concerto No.2 for cello and orchestra (1977)
  • Concerto for viola and orchestra
  • Japanese Silhouettes for viola d'amore, soprano and ensemble (1983)
Chamber music
  • String Quartet No.1 (1925)
  • Nocturne and Canzonetta (Ноктюрн и канцонетта) for violin and piano (1926)
  • String Quartet No.2 (1926)
  • Piano Trio No. 1 (1927)
  • String Quartet No.3 (1933)
  • Song (Песня) for violin and piano (1943)
  • String Quartet No.4 (1946)
  • String Quintet (1953)
  • Wind Quintet (1957)
  • Melody and Waltz (Мелодия и вальс) for violin and piano (1958)
  • Piano Trio No. 2 (1958)
  • Piano Quintet (1962)
  • String Quartet No.5 (1966)
  • String Quartet No.6 (1968)
Piano
  • 4 Pieces (4 пьесы) (1957)
Film score

External links[edit]