Donald H. Tuck
|Donald H. Tuck|
|Born||Donald Henry Tuck
3 December 1922
|Died||11 October 2010
Donald Henry Tuck (3 December 1922 – 11 October 2010) was a bibliographer of science fiction, fantasy and weird fiction. His works were "among the most extensive produced since the pioneering work of Everett F. Bleiler."
From a young age Don was interested in all aspects of science. In his teens he discovered the gaudy American science fiction magazines on sale in local department stores and began collecting them. He located other SF fans in Hobart and together they produced the first Tasmanian science fiction fanzine, Profan, which had three issues between April and September 1941. Each included an author's biography and index to their published stories, demonstrating Tuck's early interest in bibliography.
During the war, Tuck trained as a radio technician before serving in the Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Corps on Horn and Thursday Islands in the Torres Strait. Afterward he completed his science degree at the University of Tasmania and then joined the Electrolytic Zinc (EZ) Company at Risdon, near Hobart. Starting as a technical librarian, Tuck would spend his entire career with this company, rising through the ranks.
He maintained his interest in SF as a correspondent and collector. A list of paperbacks sent to him by Perth fan Roger Dard inspired Tuck to begin compiling a card index to SF, fantasy and weird literature published in various forms. Acquiring bibliographic data from contacts around the world, Tuck expanded his card index and self-published it as a book titled A Handbook of Science Fiction and Fantasy in January 1954. It received enthusiastic reviews in the three leading SF magazines of the day.
Tuck married Audrey Jean Cranston in May 1954. He continued to expand his Handbook; the second edition was published in 1959 and received a "Special Hugo" at the World Science Fiction Convention in 1962.
The couple established a home in Lindisfarne, on Hobart's eastern shore, and had a son in 1961. The Tucks hosted regular informal gatherings by local and visiting SF fans at Lindisfarne for the next 20 years, with regular visitor A. Bertram Chandler commemorating the locale by naming one of the spaceship bases in his novels after it.
The culmination of Tuck's efforts was the publication of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy: a bibliographic survey of the fields of science fiction, fantasy and weird fiction through 1968 by Advent:Publishers in three volumes between 1974 and 1983. His work continued to win recognition: the annual Big Heart Award for service to the SF community in 1975, a special World Fantasy Award in 1979 for volumes 1 and 2, and the Hugo Award for Best Nonfiction Book in 1984 for volume 3. Volume 2 also placed second and volume 3 third for the Locus Awards to the year's best nonfiction or reference book.
Tuck was also invited to be Australian Guest of Honour at the first Aussiecon in 1975. A very private person, he was initially reluctant, but did accept the invitation. As the date of the convention approached, however, commitments arose which he felt required his presence at Electrolytic Zinc. He was Acting Head of Industrial Services at the Risdon plant at this time and drastic falls in zinc prices had led to job losses and industrial action. His decision proved controversial, overshadowing his hosting several groups of fans in Hobart after the convention. (During one visit he was presented with the E.E. Evans Memorial Big Heart Award for 1975 by Forrest J. Ackerman).
Tuck retired from the zinc factory in 1982 and dispatched his extensive SF collection to university libraries in Perth and Brisbane. The Tucks moved to Melbourne and enjoyed an active retirement before Audrey died in August 2010 and Don followed her six weeks later.
- A Handbook of Science Fiction and Fantasy (1954, self-published, Hobart)
- A Handbook of Science Fiction and Fantasy, 2nd ed. (1959, self-published, Hobart)
- The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy (Advent:Publishers, Chicago). Published in three volumes:
- Vol 1: Who's Who, A-L (1974)
- Vol 2: Who's Who, M-Z (1978)
- Vol 3: Miscellaneous (1983)
- "Tuck, Donald H.", The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Working Text Preview (draft 3rd edition), eds. John Clute and David Langford with Peter Nicholls. Datestamp for this entry: 2011-12-21.
- Nelson, Chris. "Early Australian Fanzines", Mumblings from Munchkinland 12, 1995, pp.7–10.
- Boucher, Anthony and McComas, J. Francis. "Recommended Reading", The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, August 1954, p.80.
- Conklin, Groff. "Galaxy's 5 Star Shelf", Galaxy Science Fiction, September 1954, p.118.
- Miller, P. Schuyler. "The Reference Library", Astounding Science Fiction, November 1954, pp.147–148.
- "Tuck, Donald H." The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Literary Nominees. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- "Worldcon Special Convention Awards". The Locus Index to SF Awards. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- Tuck, Don. Letter in Mumblings from Munchkinland 21, 2003, p.14.
- "Big Heart Award". The Locus Index to SF Awards. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- Alexander, Alison. The Zinc Works: producing zinc at Risdon 1916–1991, Pasminco-EZ, 1992.
- Tuck, Don. Letter included in "A Word from Don Tuck" in Mumblings from Munchkinland 17, 2001, p.8.
- Nelson, Chris. "Donald H. Tuck, 1922–2010: an Appreciation", Mumblings from Munchkinland 29, 2011, pp.2–6.
- Donald H. Tuck at the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Working Text Preview
- Donald H. Tuck at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Donald H. Tuck at the Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Literary Nominees