Edward Hamilton (British Army officer)
|Edward Owen Fisher Hamilton|
|Born||17 February 1854|
|Died||30 March 1944 (aged 90)|
|Years of service||1873–1914|
|Unit||Queen's Royal Regiment|
|Commands held||2nd Battalion Queen's Royal Regiment
GOC West Africa
GOC and Lieutenant-Governor Guernsey
20th (Light) Division
|Battles/wars||Second Anglo-Afghan War
Third Anglo-Burmese War
Second Boer War
First World War
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches
Major-General Sir Edward Owen Fisher Hamilton KCB (17 February 1854 – 30 March 1944) was an officer of the British Army during the late 19th century. Originally a junior officer in the Queen's Royal Regiment, he oversaw signalling in the Indian Army during the late nineteenth century, before commanding a battalion and then a brigade in the South African War. He was later the commanding officer for Army forces in West Africa and Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey before retiring in 1914; on the outbreak of the First World War, he briefly returned from retirement to command a division in the New Armies.
Hamilton was born in Ireland in 1854, and after studying at the Hermitage School, Bath, joined the Army as a lieutenant in the 1st Battalion, Queen's Royal Regiment, in 1873. He served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War from 1878 to 1880 as the aide-de-camp to General J. M. Primrose, and was mentioned in despatches.
In 1883 he was promoted to captain, and served with the 2nd Battalion in the Third Anglo-Burmese War before being appointed a brigade-major under Sir William Lockhart in 1887. He then was appointed a brigade-major at Cawnpore from 1887 to 1888, continuing in India as the Inspector of Signals in the Punjab and Bengal from 1888 to 1893. During this period, he oversaw signals in the Hazara Expedition of 1891. He married Isabel Harris, daughter of General Philip H. F. Harris, in 1886; they would have one son and two daughters. The best man at their wedding was Hubert Hamilton, a fellow captain in the regiment.
He served in the Tochi Valley in 1895 under Lockhart, and served on the staff of the Malakand Field Force in 1897. He returned to field service that same year with the 2nd Battalion, Queen's Royal Regiment, as the second-in-command of the Tirah Expedition, with a brevet-promotion to Lieutenant Colonel.
Regimental and senior command
He commanded the 2nd Battalion, Queen's Royal Regiment during the early stages of the South African War, in 1899, and then commanded 2nd Brigade from April 1900 to 1902. For his services in South Africa, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath and mentioned in despatches. On leaving South Africa in 1902 he was appointed to command the 1st Brigade of the Secunderabad Division in India, promoted to Major-General in 1906 and relinquishing command in 1907.
He was general officer commanding of Army forces in West Africa from 1908 to 1911, and then Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey—and correspondingly commander of the forces in Guernesy and Alderney—from 1911 to his retirement in 1914.
Shortly after his retirement, following the outbreak of the First World War, he was brought back to serve as the first commander of the newly raised 20th (Light) Division in the New Armies. He held the command less than a month before handing over to Richard Hutton Davies, a New Zealand officer who had been invalided home from the Western Front. His final military position was a purely ceremonial one; from 1914 to 1920 he was colonel-in-chief of the Queen's Royal Regiment.
- Access to Archives
- Who Was Who
- The History of the Twentieth (Light) Division
- Regimental Association
- "HAMILTON, Maj.-Gen. Sir Edward Owen Fisher ". (2007). In Who Was Who. Online edition.
- Hamilton, Major-General Sir Edward Owen Fisher, Access to Archives.
- Lieutenant General Sir Edward Owen Fisher Hamilton KCB 1914 - 1920, Queen's Royal Surrey Regimental Association.
|General Officer Commanding the 20th (Light) Division
R. H. Davies
|Colonel of the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)
C. C. Monro
|Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
Sir Henry Lawson