Edward Stanley Kellogg
|Edward Stanley Kellogg|
|16th Governor of American Samoa|
September 4, 1923 – March 17, 1925
|Preceded by||Edwin Taylor Pollock|
|Succeeded by||Henry Francis Bryan|
|Born||August 20, 1870
Morrisania, Bronx, New York City, New York
|Died||January 8, 1948
National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland
|Alma mater||United States Naval Academy|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1892 - 1920, 1923 - 1925|
Edward Stanley Kellogg (August 20, 1870 – January 8, 1948) was a United States Navy Captain who served as the 16th Governor of American Samoa. Kellogg graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1892, and joined the Naval Engineer Corps. He served as an assistant engineer on numerous ships, and participated in the Spanish–American War. He retired in 1920, and became governor three years later, making him only one of two Naval Governors of American Samoa to hold the office following retirement from the service. As Governor, Kellogg asserted the authority of the United States over the tribal chiefs of the islands. He removed the title of Tu'i Manu'a from Chris Young, claiming it implied king-like authority over the people of American Samoa. He also removed Chief Tui Manu'a from power, resulting in widespread protest among the islands' people. Kellogg died at the National Naval Medical Center in Maryland and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Kellogg was born on August 20, 1870 in Morrisania, Bronx. He died on January 8, 1948 at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery on January 12, 1948.
Kellogg was appointed to the United States Naval Academy from New York on May 18, 1888, graduating on June 3, 1892. In 1894, he became an assistant engineer in the Naval Engineer Corps. He served on the USS San Francisco (C-5) before being transferred to the USS Yorktown (PG-1) on April 26, 1895. As a Lieutenant, he served on the USS Hartford. During the Spanish–American War, Kellogg was the assistant engineer aboard the USS Hist. In 1920, he retired from the Navy with the rank of Captain.
Kellogg took the office of Governor of American Samoa on September 4, 1923 and served until March 17, 1925. As governor, he prohibited certain native death ceremonies, imposing a small fine and imprisonment on those who continued to practice the customs. Along with John Martin Poyer, Kellogg is one of only two Naval Governors of American Samoa who served in the office following retirement from the Navy. He came into some dispute with Chris Young, a man elected as Tu'i Manu'a, or king, of American Samoa by several chiefs. Kellogg argued that the idea was incompatible with the Constitution of the United States and denied Young the title. Kellogg also dealt with the removal of Chief Tui Manu'a and his placement under house arrest, after other Samoan chiefs called him a "disturbing influence". Inaccurate rumors were spread that Kellogg had banished him from the islands, causing widespread protest and declarations that he was ruling as a despot.
- "The Campaign of Coronel and the Falklands August 1, 1914, to March 14, 1915". The Coast Artillery Journal 59 (1): 1–16. July 1923.
- "Captain Edward Stanley Kellogg, USN: An Inventory of His Collection in the Navy Department Library". Washington, D.C.: Naval History & Heritage Command. July 20, 2004. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
- Sorensen, Stan; Joseph Theroux. "The Samoan Historical Calendar, 1606-2007". Government of American Samoa. pp. 3; 10; 68. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
- Annual register of the United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 60-64. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Academy. 1904. p. 25. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
- "Deposed Island King Sues: American Asks Damages Because Samoan Title Was Taken Away". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 4 April 1925. p. 5.
- "Article 3". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 28 August 1924. p. 9.
- "Samoan Natives Demand Chief Back: Protest to Coolidge on Banishment, Which American Governor Denies". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 28 August 1924. p. 9.