Egyptian tomb bat
|Egyptian tomb bat|
É. Geoffroy, 1818
The Egyptian tomb bat (Taphozous perforatus) is a species of sac-winged bat in the family Emballonuridae. It is a medium- to large-sized bat with a mass of approximately 30 g (1.1 oz). It is an aerial insectivore, foraging in open space. Based on individuals captured in Ethiopia, it is thought to feed predominantly on Lepidoptera, but is also known to feed on Isoptera, Coleoptera and Orthoptera.
It is found in Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, India, Iran, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Its natural habitat is dry savanna.
An isolate of the MERS-CoV from the first patient identified was found in an Egyptian tomb bat near the victim's home in Saudi Arabia. The isolate, found in a fecal pellet from the bat, was found to be a 100% match with the London victim.
- Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A. & Bergmans, W. 2004. http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/21463/all Taphozous perforatus.
- Monadjem; et al. (2010). Bats of Southern and Central Africa. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.
- Skinner, J. D.; Chimimba, Christian T., eds. (2011). The Mammals of the Southern African Sub-region. Cambridge University Press. pp. 276–278.
- "MERS-CoV found in bat; hunt for other sources goes on | CIDRAP". Cidrap.umn.edu. 2013-08-21. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
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