Egyptian tomb bat

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Egyptian Tomb Bat
Taphozous perforatus.png
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Emballonuridae
Genus: Taphozous
Species: T. perforatus
Binomial name
Taphozous perforatus
É. Geoffroy, 1818
Egyptian Tomb Bat area.png
Egyptian Tomb Bat range

The Egyptian Tomb Bat (Taphozous perforatus) is a species of sac-winged bat in the family Emballonuridae.[1] It is a medium- to large-sized bat with a mass of approximately 30 g (1.1 oz).[2] It is an aerial insectivore, foraging in open space.[2] Based on individuals captured in Ethiopia, it is thought to feed predominantly on Lepidoptera, but is also known to feed on Isoptera, Coleoptera and Orthoptera.[2]

Habitat[edit]

It is found in Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, India, Iran, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Its natural habitat is dry savanna.[3]

Reservoir of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)[edit]

An isolate of the MERS-CoV from the first patient identified was found in an Egyptian tomb bat near the victim's home in Saudi Arabia. The isolate, found in a fecal pellet from the bat, was found to be a 100% match with the London victim.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A. & Bergmans, W. 2004. http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/21463/all Taphozous perforatus.
  2. ^ a b c Monadjem; et al. (2010). Bats of Southern and Central Africa. Johannesburg: Wits University Press. 
  3. ^ Skinner, J. D.; Chimimba, Christian T., eds. (2011). The Mammals of the Southern African Sub-region. Cambridge University Press. pp. 276–278. 
  4. ^ "MERS-CoV found in bat; hunt for other sources goes on | CIDRAP". Cidrap.umn.edu. 2013-08-21. Retrieved 2013-09-15.