|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2010)|
After Hammond pioneered the electronic organ in the 1930s, other manufacturers began to market their own versions of the instrument. By the end of the 1950s, familiar brand names of home organs in addition to Hammond included Conn, Kimball, Lowrey, and others, while companies such as Allen and Rodgers manufactured large electronic organs designed for church and other public settings.
The Yamaha Electone series debuted in 1959 with the D-1, a home instrument. By 1970, with the market waning sharply, and some manufacturers ceasing production, the Electone line embraced digital technology. This allowed Electone’s survival as the traditional home electronic organ market dried up.
By the 1980s, many of the most famous names had ceased home production, but the Electone successfully transitioned to the modern world of digital synthesizers, now competing with such new electronic products as Moog Music, Wersi, and later Kurzweil. Electones were to be found not only in homes, especially in Japan and elsewhere in the East Asia, but also in bands and other solo and group public performances.
Notable former models
Yamaha began exporting Electones to the United States, starting with the D-2B in 1967. 1968 - EX-21 prototype - It was different from prior Electones, as it was expressly designed for stage performances.
1970 - EX-42 - this became Yamaha's first commercially available stage model Electone. It was also the first to use integrated circuits, although it was still based on analogue technology.
1974 - Designing of Electones around synthesisers, instead of organs
1974 - CSY-1 - based on the SY-1 synthesizer.
1975 - GX-1 - the first polyphonic synthesizer in Electone form, bridging the gap between synthesizer and organ. It utilised velocity-sensitive keyboards and the solo keyboard was even after-touch sensitive. Some notable users of the GX-1 include Richard D. James, Stevie Wonder, Keith Emerson, John Paul Jones of Led Zeppelin, and Benny Andersson of ABBA.
1977 - E-70 - one of the first home based organs to feature Yamaha's PASS (Pulse Analog Synthesis System) in a console cabinet.
1983 to 1986 - FC/FE/FS/FX series - featured FM tone generators and the FX series featured the company's first digitally sampled sounds for the onboard percussion/rhythm units. The F series Electones were the first to allow users to digitally save registrations via pistons and then save them to RAM packs or an external disk drive unit: MDR-1.
1987 - HS/HX series - Electones became more digital here. It used more integrated circuit technology to make components smaller, and hence allowed for a sleeker design. The HX/HS series was the first to use AWM "sampling" technology for both voices and rhythms, and it also featured 16-operator FM voices.
1991 - EL series - This series included an attached Music Disk Recorder which enabled players to record their registrations and performances. The EL series introduced new synthesisers, filtering, and expression technologies that made instrument voices on the Electone even more realistic.
The newest series, STAGEA uses all AWM (Digitized) voices and features over 180 digital effects, built-in registration menus, VA voices, and a Style-File compatible expanded rhythm and accompaniment section. There are four models available:
ELB-01: The "mini", or entry-level model
ELS-01: The standard model
ELS-01C: The custom model, carrying the ability to utilise the VA (Virtual Acoustic) voices, Pitch and Tempo Bends, After touch on the pedal keyboard, horizontal touch and after pitch, along with other features, and lastly,
ELS-01X: The professional model - taking the ELS-01C, it adds 61-note keyboards, a 25-note pedal board and XLR external audio jacks.
The D-Deck (DDK-7 in some markets) is the portable version of the ELS-01, with a more compact body, and an optional pedalboard.
In 2009, the STAGEA typeU series was launched, with only hardware differences between them and their original counterparts. The typeU version omitted the floppy drive UD-FD01 and the Smart-Media card slot.
The STAGEA is officially distributed only in Asian countries.
From Yamaha Japan
Masashi (Max) Takano
Koji Kondo, Nintendo Sound Director
Jun'ya Ota, creator of Touhou Project
Ayako Saso, video game composer
From Yamaha Malaysia
Ron Nard Koay
Patricia Kong Tze Lin
From Yamaha Canada
Claude Dupras (deceased)
From Yamaha UK
From Yamaha Italy
From Yamaha South Korea
From Yamaha Hong Kong
Eric KONG Siu-hang
Danny Chan (deceased)
From Yamaha Spain
From Yamaha Indonesia
Wilbert Jonathan Deil
Kenan Loui Widjaja
From Yamaha Mexico
From Yamaha Colombia
Jaime Llano Gonzalez
From Yamaha Australia
International Electone Festival / International Electone Concours
||This section contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. (September 2010)|
The International Electone Festival (IEF) / International Electone Concours (IEC) was a worldwide Electone Organ competition organized by Yamaha back in the early 1970s. The competition featured both the performer and the Electone instrument itself. The IEF finals from its early concept were held in Japan every year until 1984 when it was held in Los Angeles. Afterwards Yamaha began holding subsequent IEF finals in other cities around the world including Hamburg, Toronto, Paris, Hong Kong, Mexico and Singapore before returning to its home in Japan.
Notable musicians who were invited to be part of the adjudication panel included film composer Jerry Goldsmith and Keith Emerson of Emerson, Lake & Palmer. Participants in the IEF finals had to be at least 16 years of age and competed for medal awards and cash prizes. On almost every occasion, there was one "Grand Prize" recipient who would receive a gold medal and cash prize which in its last years totalled $10,000US. Before 1982, a selection of participants were also presented with special Winner's prizes and the number of recipients of this award varied from year to year. After 1982, "Most Outstanding Performance" awards were presented to two (or in some instances three or four) participants who would receive a silver medal and cash prize, and "Outstanding Performance" awards were usually presented to three participants who would receive a bronze medal and cash prize. On rare occasions at IEF finals, a special President's award may also have been presented to one performer. Known as the "Kawakami Prize" it was named after renowned Yamaha Music Corporation President Genichi Kawakami and consisted of a special bronze medal and cash prize very similar to the "Outstanding Performance" award. In the early 1990s Yamaha ceased to sponsor the event. It became too expensive to produce and electronic organ sales declined.
International Electone Festival/Concours Finals:
|Anniversary||Year||City, Country||Venue, Instrument model(s)||Grand Prix award||Most Outstanding & Outstanding awards||Kawakami award||Special Jury award||Finalist (Country) - Selection|
|9th||1972||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||EX-42, E-3, E-5||*Claude Dupras (Canada) - Raindrops, *Rocco Ferrante Jr (U.S.) - Yesterday and Night, *Tomoyo Miyama (Japan) - Rhapsody||*Akira ("Masa") Matsuda (Japan) - The Closed World, *Mutsuko Okumura (Japan) - In Berlin, *唯井 明代 Shibahara (Japan) - C Sharp Minor Waltz, *Sebastian Cacabelos Soutullo (Venezuela) - Garcia Rhapsody, *Georges Fleury - (Switzerland) - Love You||N/A||*芝原 くるみ (Japan) - Theme from Ironside,||*Greg Moeser (Australia) - Jesus Christ Superstar, *Gordon Griffiths (United Kingdom) - Beatles Medley, *Henk Balijon (Netherlands) - Love You, *Billy Tsong (Hong Kong) - Wind Whisper, *Andy Alley Ono (Indonesia) - Beatles Medley, *Carmen Tamés Mejiá (Mexico) - Son de la Negra, *Francisco ("Toti") Fuentes (Philippines) - From Bach to Bacharach, *Ludolff Smuts Wium (South Africa) - Black Orpheus, *Teresa Filmer (Singapore) - Jesus Christ Superstar, *Inn Shien Huang (Taiwan) - Mr Lucky, *M.L.Pratintip Devakula (Thailand) - Trish Trash Polka, *Lyman E. Strong (U.S.) - Bacharach Medley, *Michael Schau (West Germany) - Love You, *照井 栞 (Japan) - Wife and Girlfriend, *Reiko Kashiwagi (Japan) - Pictures at an Exhibition,.|
|10th||1973||Nemu-no sato, Japan||EX-42, E-5||*Bobby Lyle (U.S.) - Dance of Love and Peace, *Akira ("Masa") Matsuda (Japan) - Mysterious Dimension, *唯井 明代 Shibahara (Japan) - Eruption||*Yoshi Osamu Nakagawa (Japan) - Alice caught in the Looking Glass, *Maritess Salientes (Philippines) - Passacaglia in C Minor, *Raimund Pranschke (West Germany) - Borikuito, *Hendra Widjaja (Indonesia) - Days of Wine and Roses||*Martha Patricia Morales Barrera (Mexico) - Uapango||N/A||*Dirk Leonard (Australia) - George Gershwin Medley, *Julio Camargo Carone (Brazil) - Bebe, *Rodger Niznik (Canada) - Goldfinger, *Robert Jansen (Netherlands) - Burt Bacharach Medley, *Leandro Bautista (Hong Kong) - Lullaby of Birdland, *Hoon Kim Huat (Malaysia) - Wan Chu Chin, *Ove Hetland (Norway) - Dry Leaves, *Theuns Van Rensburg (South Africa) - Work Song, *Cheng Tau Sin (Singapore) - Valley of the Evening Twilight, *Jose Villacanas (Spain) - People, *Huang Ming Cheng (China) - Cabaret, *Raht Ketusingha (Thailand) - PROMISES! PROMISES! PROMISES!', *James Friemark (U.S.) - Wizard of Oz, *Jose Garcia Guinot (Venezuela) - My System.|
|11th||1974||Nemu-no Sato, Japan||EX-42, E-5||*Socorro De Castro (U.S.) - Theme from The Mod Squad, *Reiko Kashiwagi (Japan) - Prelude||*Kenriyou Yoshimoto (Japan) - Freedom Jazz Dance, *Hiromi Sato (Japan) - Invitation to the 21st Century, *Yayoi Yoshida (Japan) - Apple Pie, *Claude Lander (Switzerland) - Cathedral, *Alvin Kwok (Hong Kong) - Abrupt End||*James Levesque (U.S.) - George Gershwin Medley,||N/A||*Russell Finch (Australia) - One Note Samba, *Jacqueline Reggio (Brazil) - Mojave, *Fabio Valente (Brazil) - A Espera, *Relly Coloma (Canada) - I Got Rhythm, *Hugo Alvarado (Mexico) - La Malaguena, *Carolyn Kleiner (Philippines) - Earth's Grief, *Dorothy Shaw (Singapore) - Dawn,.|
|12th||1975||Nemu-no Sato, Japan||GX-1||*Yayoi Hirabe (Japan) - Rhapsody on GX||*Manuel Panta (Philippines) - Bach/Tchaikovsky Medley, *Summer Kei Horiba (Japan) - Sinfonia, *Width 滋美 (Japan) - Police Woman, *Tamam Hoesein (Indonesia) - Es Lilin, *Tito Enriquez (Mexico) - Fantasia Latin America||N/A||N/A||*Julie-Ann Hanlon (Australia) - Wind Blues "Pictures at an Exhibition" *Günter Schwarz (Austria) - September, *Nilson Zago (Brazil) - Bruno de Jekibau Baranso, *Antonio Macedo (Brazil) - Samba Samba Samba, *Darcy Naife (Canada) - Eleanor Rigby, *Louis Tortora (France) - Soleado, *Gilbert Lo (Hong Kong) - Motion Pictures, *Larry Keenan (U.S.) - Space, *John Modrowsky (U.S.) - Beatles Medley.|
|13th||1976||Nemu-no Sato, Japan||GX-1||*Yumiko Tanaka (Japan) - Divertimento||*Ito 由実子 (Japan) - Autumn in Sofia, *Sensho Hayashi (Japan) - Waves Of Light, *Raht Ketusingha (Australia) - Australia, *David Smith (United Kingdom) - 1812 Overture, *Gilbert Lo (Hong Kong) - Fantasy on GX, *Bupha Dhamabuttr (Thailand) - Ashanji||*Hiromi Sato (Japan) - Reflections at 52||N/A||*Guy Tassé (Canada) - All You, *Ruud Jansen (Netherlands) - Love Confessions, *Luis Carlos González (Mexico) - Latin Dawn, *Omar Guzmán (Mexico) - Tarkus, *Miriam Uyboco (Philippines) - Music Moments, *Frank Loch (U.S.) - Chopin Impressions, *Paul Doerrfeld (U.S.) - An American in Paris, *Luis Jose Arias (Venezuela) - Concerto for Voice.|
|14th||1977||Nemu-no sato, Japan||GX-1||*Oshima Michiru (Japan) - Gloria||*Width 滋美 (Japan) - Dancing "18", *南部 昌江 (Japan) - Sunrise, *Danny Baker (U.S.) - Christine's Samba, *Rodger William Niznik (Canada) - Manipulation, *Louie J. Ocampo(Philippines) - Tina's Mood||*Jenny Tjahjono (Indonesia) - Sunset||N/A||*Bryan William Roberts (Australia) - Impressions of the Ionosphere, *Cèlio Balona Passos (Brazil) - Kantika, *Raul Castaño Escobar (Columbia) - Latin Landscapes, *José Alberto González (Costa Rica) - Diary of a Computer, *Louis Tortora (France) - Revolution, *Skip Van Rooy (Netherlands) - Nature *Leong Wai Meng (Singapore) - August 2nd, *Kumiko Kodera (Japan) - Tip-Top-Fly.|
|15th||1978||Nemu-no sato, Japan||GX-1||*Skip Van Rooy (Netherlands) - Relationships||*Rosy Chua (Malaysia) - Elite, *Michael Gundlach (West Germany) - Final Four Times, *Masashi Huzita (Japan) - Symphonic Rhapsody, *Yumiko Santon (Japan) - Airship Marshmallows, *Ito Yumiko (Japan) - Steps of September||*Jeannette G.R.Casuga (Philippines) - Neptune's Palace||N/A||*Fernando Cruz (Mexico) - Toreador Banquet, *Fu-Mei Ma (China) - The Sea of Happiness, *Raimund Pranschke (West Germany) - Love Dance, *Isaac S. Rosenthal (U.S.) - Portrait of America, *Cheryl M.Smith (Australia) - Voyage to Peace, *Julia H.P.Wee (Singapore) - Piper Dreams, *Yasuo Miyauti (Japan) - Hamlet Overture, *大野 三知代 (Japan) - Let's Dance a Waltz.|
|16th||1979||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||GX-1||*Nozomi Moroi (Japan) - Windward Passage||*Hiroko Kawata (Japan) - Musica?, *Sensho Hayashi (Japan) - Eternal Sea, *Michael Behymer (U.S.) - Two Variations of One Theme, *Eileen Ng Ai Ling (Singapore) - Reflection of You, Yumi Nakata (Japan) - Bright Future||N/A||N/A||*Phillip K. Keveren (U.S.) - Portrait, *Paul August Li (Indonesia) - Shades of Grey, *Tzer-Shiun Lin (China) - Mental Anguish, *Mark D.Matthews (Australia) - Corroboree on a Summer Day, *Maria C. Perez (Philippines) - I Dreamed a Dream.|
|17th||1980||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||GX-1||*Yasuyuki Kasori (Japan) - Grand Sinfonia No.2||*Hiroko Kawata (Japan) - Cosmic Rhapsody, *Akira Kobayashi (Japan) - Fiesta: One Two, *Yoshiko Doi (Japan) - Summer Dreaming '80, *Michael Gundlach (West Germany) - Workshop||N/A||N/A||*Juan Carlos de Martini (Argentina) - El Maltrecho, *Lynda Hulford (Australia) - Tracy,
|18th||1981||Nemu-no-sato, Japan||GX-1||*Reiko Matsumoto (Japan) - Daiwa Maharoba, *Natsue Enda (Japan) - Fantasia Alpha||*Tatsuko Torii (Japan) - Pure, *Noriaki Rin (Japan) - Autumn Door||*Eduardo Tadeu Montoro (Brazil) - Soldier Boy||N/A||Luis Fernando Luna Guarneros (Mexico) - "Maniixni", Yung Man Leng (Singapore) - "Horizon", Staffan Hedman (Sweden) - "Aiolos", Dan Rodowicz (U.S.) - "Comme Le Jour"|
|19th||1982||Tokyo, Japan||GX-1/EX-1/D-85||Yasuo Miyauchi (Japan) - 荒城の月変奏曲 (Y.Miyauchi)||*Kiyoko Koyama (Japan) - 'The Sphinx,' *Akira Kou (Japan) - 'Quincy Quincy,'||*Piergiorgio Marotti (Italy) - 'Model F,' *Tomoko Yoshida (Japan) - 'Appassionata,' *Tohru Yoshizawa (Japan) - 'African Symphony,' *Walter Stowasser (West Germany) - 'The Barber of Seville,'||N/A||*Deanna MacDonald (Canada) - 'Armageddon,' *Ian Sell (Australia) - 'Transition,' *Miho Kodama (Japan) - 'Dark Eyes,' *Enrique Ordoñez Martinez (Mexico) - 'Barada Mehikana,' *Alberto Vicente Santos (Philippines) - 'Song dedicated to Winnie,' *Stanley Koyama (U.S.) - '|
|20th||1983||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/FX-1||Keiko Tanimura (Japan) - Come Glorious Light Again (K.Tanimura)||*John Teare Corlett (Australia) - Switched on Sonatas, *Lupita Romero Ponce (Mexico) - Flight of the Bumblebee, *Mizuno Yoshiko (Japan) - Phoenix, *Katsuse Truth (Japan) - Creation,||*Lennart Palm (Sweden) - Endless Pain,, *Yuki Huzihara (Japan) - Pioneer Pulse, *Ishizaki Miyuki (Japan) - Hymn Republic, *Hiroko Muta (Japan) - Departure,||N/A||*Lennie Campbell (Canada) - Eurasia, *Carlton Liu (Hong Kong) - Variations in C Major, *Didier Montellier (France) - Hallelujah, *Hidebrand Brasil Bordi (Brazil) - Railroad, *Norman Adviento Agatep (Philippines) - Rikuha, *Marcel Josef Himbert (West Germany) - Sinfonia, *Edward M. Goldfarb (U.S.) - Excerpts from the Suite for Violin and Jazz Piano,.[vague]|
|21st||1984||Los Angeles, U.S.||/FX-1||Tatsuko Torii (Japan) - The Skyscraper (T.Torii)||*Thomas Folenta (U.S.) - Tomarbar, *Toshinori Suzuki (Japan) - Eternal Sea||*Luis Estrella (Spain) - Rhapsody In Blue, *Ya-Hui Wang (Singapore) - Toccata, *Hanson Tan (Philippines) - Bursting Out||N/A||*Joan Misako Nakanmoto (Canada) - Tarkus, *Greg Norrod (U.S.) - Journey To Perfection, - Gasto Alberto Marsanich (Italy) - Toccata, *Mark Wyer (Australia) - War Of The Worlds, *Hector Manuel Islas Licona (Mexico) - Luzarkana, * Ronald H.Van Barele (Netherlands) - Musica Esperanto, *Erik Holsten (Norway) - Progressive Tension.|
|22nd||1985||Hamburg Germany||/FX-1||Toshio Mori (Japan) - 流火(Ryuuka)||*Sueko Tsunoda (Japan) - Bright Times, *Ya-Hui Wang (Singapore) - Eternal Sea||*Jan Veenje (Netherlands) - Symphony Historique, *Mei-Li Pai (Taiwan) - Tropical Isle Emerald, *Gregory Brian Mackintosh (U.S.) - Baroque, Be-Bop, Ballad, Brass||N/A||*Andrew Leonard Campbell (Canada) - Scenescape, *Stela Jizar Orfano Caldeira (Brazil) - Baiao Brásil, *Stefan Flemmerer (West Germany) - Ever Changing Moods, *Bruno Yamasaki Matsumoto (Mexico) - La Fuerza de los Imperios, *Ferruccio Premici (Italy) - Il Vole del Calabrene, *Nicklas Sivelöw (Sweden) - Finding the Way, *Deone Lee Wilson (Australia) - Creation, the Sixth Day,|
|23rd||1986||Toronto, Canada||/FX-1||Chihiro Yamashita (Japan) - 華麗なるファンタジー(A Fanrasia)||*Louis Tortora (France) - Variations from Suspiria, *Norikazu Kawano (Japan) - 時経(Picturesque Time)||*Mary Ueda Ritsuko (Canada) - Petrouchka, *Stephen Kurniawan Tamadji (Indonesia) - Sunset In Bali, *Stefan Flemmerer (West Germany) - Barock||N/A||*John Gregory Matas Aquias (Philippines) - Likha, *John Donald Bates (U.K) - Touch, *Paul Joseph Doerrfeld (U.S.) - Chorale and Fantasy on "Simple Gifts, *George Charles Heldt (Canada) - Riches to Rage, *Shane Michael Parker (Australia) - Scheherazade (The Festival at Baghdad), *Nicklas Lars Sivelöw (Sweden) - Into a New World, *Jorge Raul Suarez (Argentina) - Juana Azurduy, *Ricardo Uma (Costa Rica) - Carmina Burana.|
|24th||1987||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/FX-1||Yukio Nakamura (Japan) - Somewhere In The Night (Y.Nakamura)||*Risa Funaki (Japan) - Rise Of Spring, *Arturo Sánchez Guzzi (Mexico) - Grados Indigenas||*Jason Nyberg (U.S.) - Strike It Up, *Warwick Dunham (Australia) - Excerpts from Bernstein's 'Mass', *Racquel Ayeras Rañola (Philippines) - Silver Screen.||*Risa Funaki (Japan) - Rise of Spring||*Kaon Koo (Canada) - Rain Walk, *Terence Swee-Seng Teo (Singapore) - Olympia, *Roberto Cedeño Laya (Venezuela) - Sonata Venezolana, *Lena Sannerstig (Sweden) - Die Fledermaus Overture, *Martin Harris (United Kingdom) - Contrasts, *Rainer Georg Dittrich (West Germany) - The Eternal Stream, *Gabriel Huynh (France) - Si, C'etait Demain,.|
|25th||1988||Paris, France||/HX-1||Jason Geh (Malaysia) - Hallucination (J.Geh)||*Tatsuki Watanabe Atsushi (Japan) - And The Sun Shines!, *Mia Soetanto (Indonesia) - Evening In Bali||*Valérie Boggio (France) - La Confession d'Uranus, *Paul Wei Chung Liang (Singapore) - Festive Overture (Shostakovich), *Adelmo Listorti (West Germany) - City Movements||N/A||*Hector Islas (Mexico) - Centuria, *Linda Eckert (U.S.) - Jupiter from The Planets, *Jason Klein (Canada) - Conversations, *Marcelo Maranghello (Argentina) - Mosaico Latino, *Lena Sannerstig (Sweden) - Overture from "Pastoral Suite" Op.19, *Rodney Pooley (U.K) - American Patrol, *Fabrizio Brezzo (Italy) - La Forza del Destino - Overture, *Anthony Kenney (Australia) - A Fairytale Relived, *Mayumi Takane (Japan) - Au Coin De Montmatre.|
|26th||1989||Hong Kong||Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre/HX-1||Saori Iwauchi (Japan) - Symphonic Rhapsody No.2 (S.Iwauchi)||*Ng Chai Li (Malaysia) - GEM, *Enrique Arturo Escalante Lujan (Mexico) - Pisces||*Hitoshi Kotani (Japan) - Hibari-Twilight Scenery, *Stéphane Criado (France) - Comme Dans Un Songe, *Ferdinand Marsa (Indonesia) - Panji Semirang||N/A||Sandy DiGirolamo (U.S.) - On The Waterfront, *Ruth Bernardine Varney (Australia) - Xenophobia, *Robert Messier (Canada) - Powerful People, *Jaana Marja Peltonen (Finland) - From Dream To Reality, *Alex Wong Wai Chung (Hong Kong) - Silhouette, *Smith Bandithaya (Thailand) - Living Float, *Stephen John Selwood (United Kingdom) - A Woodpecker's Anecdote*José L. Souto C - "Fantasia Criolla".|
|27th||1990||Mexico City, Mexico||The City Theater/HX-1||Chinami Taki (Japan) - Humpty Dumpty (C.Taki)||*Bruno Yamasaki Matsumoto (Mexico) - El Niño Colibrí, *Joachim Wolf (Germany) - El Avispa||*Goh Chee Seng (Malaysia) - Midnight Dream, *Hiromi Suzuki (Japan) - Rhapsody Espagnole, *Teh- Chiang Yuang (Taiwan) Time Passing.||N/A||*Philip George Newns (Canada) - Rhapsody in Blue, *Tony Matthew Austin (Australia) - Squib Cakes, *Omar Arroyo Garcia (Costa Rica) - Danza del Sable, *Debra Fleming (U.S.) - West Side Story, *Sirpa Ojala (Finland) - Take Five, *Syilvia Dewi Estiningrum (Indonesia) - Sunset In Bali, *Gaston Marsonich (Italy) - Toccata, *Miriam Teresa González Hernández (Mexico) - Herencia IndeÏgena, *Kerry Jayne Stanton (United Kingdom) - Fantasy,.|
|28th||1991||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/HX-1||Chinami Kawasaki (Japan) - A Scene - Time For Sowing (C.Kawasaki)||*Yuki Toda (Japan) - Rhapsody, *Carsten Jarocki (Germany) - Fairytale||*Stephen Tromans (U.K) - Great Expectations, *Raussel Renata Cedeño Laya (Venezuela) - Orinoquia, *Danny Lim Teong Chin (Malaysia) - Kingdom Of Black Panther||*Tanya Hulbert (Australia) - Tianenmen, June 4th, 1989||*Roberto Mistichelli (Italy) - War from Rocky IV, *Arnaud Fabien Fourniguet (France) The Sorcerer's Apprentice, *Albert Lawrence Villaruz (Canada) - War from Rocky IV, *Clarice Marie Weathers (U.S.) - Ballet Mechanique, *Rene Monterosa Sanchez (Mexico) - Final Night, *Chun Chun Yang (Taiwan) - Moments Musicaux, *Ching I Lu (Taiwan) - Fantastic Festival.|
|29th||1992||Kyoto, Japan||Kyoto Kaikan Hall/ELX-1, EL-90, HX-1||Kaon Koo (Canada) - Alice In Shanghai (E.Corpus)||*Kaoru Ono (Japan) - Sensitivity, *Emi Saiki (Netherlands) - Voyage to the Far East,||*Ohta Mayumi (Japan) - Symphonic Dances, *Ken Lee Ming Yi (Malaysia) - Joy Of Spring, *Dominicus Levi Gunardi (Indonesia) - スミランの旗||N/A||*Chiemi Colleen Middleton (U.S.) - Sleeping Beauty Waltz, *Darren Grech (Australia) - Arion, *Anabel Rosales Casco (Mexico) - Dreams, *Jose Luis Souto (Venezuela) - Taurepana, *Thio Kah Shiu Ernest Zhang (Singapore) - Promised Land, *Gianluca Bertolo (Italy) - Mirror, *Robin Yann (France) - Anastasia, *Ruben Martorell Y Bayon (Spain) - William Tell Overture.|
|30th||1993||Singapore||World Trade Centre, Harbour Pavilion/ELX-1, EL-90||Daiju Kurasawa (Japan) - Well You Needn't (T.Monk)||*Hitoshi Utsumi Hazime (Japan) - Piano Concerto in F, *Eric Leong (Singapore) - Feline(Alley Cats), *Elver Sohrab C. Perez (Philippines) - Talinhaga||*Tricia Ann S. Villareal (Philippines) - Seascapes, *Yani Danuwidjaya (Indonesia) - Seven-Eighth||N/A||*Leigh Robert Harrold (Australia) - Little Man Tate, *Jeff James Blake (Canada) - Back To The Future, *Brent William Mills (U.S.) - Festive Overture, *Carlos Alberto Gonzáles (Argentina) - Alma De Milonga, *Celso Gusben Marfil Simon (Mexico) - En La Ciudad De Los Dioses, *Anna Gerasi (Greece) - Auforderung Zum Tanz, *Andrea Gorini (Italy) - Impressions in the Park, *David Claire (France) - Dead Zone, *Paul Dingle (United Kingdom) - Joyrider,.|
|31st||1994||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/ELX-1||*Jun'ichi Matsumoto (Japan), *Thomas Karcher (Germany),||*Carlton Liu (U.S.)||N/A||*Stephane Eliot (France)||??|
|32nd||1996||Tokyo, Japan||Kan'i Hoken Hall/ELX-1||*Yoshihiro Andoh (Japan)||*Zhu Lei (China)||*Linda Harjono (Indonesia)||*Joachim Wolf (Germany)||??|
- "Resurrecting Electone Festival". Electone Zone. January 2, 2004. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
- "Electone FAQ - Contests & Festivals". Electone Zone. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
- Electone Station (Japanese) - official Yamaha Corporation Electone web site
- The Yamaha HX-1 Electone Fan Site - dedicated to the Yamaha HX-1
- Electone Zone - community portal
- Zona Electone Italia - European Electone site
- Electone Society - UK Electone site
- jazzhooves.com - information and articles about Yamaha Electone models
- Eleven-year old girl plays "YYZ" by RUSH on an Electone ELS-01
- Qi Zhang performance at TED
- History - comprehensive list of all Electone models by date of manufacture with photos
- Glenn's Collection Of Electone Books - Australia