Elohim City, Oklahoma
Elohim City is a private community in Adair County, Oklahoma. It was founded in 1973 by Robert G. Millar, a Canadian immigrant and charismatic religious leader. Its 400 acres (1.6 km2) are frequented by adherents of Christian Identity. The community gained national attention for its alleged ties to members of the Silent Brotherhood in the 1980s and with convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh in the 1990s.
Millar emigrated from Kitchener, Ontario in the 1950s to Oklahoma City, where he established a church. In the mid-1960s, Millar moved to Maryland, where he ran an evangelical camp near Ellicott City, located in Howard County on Frederick Road about one mile (1.6 km) west of US Route 29, at the former location of St. Charles College, a minor Catholic seminary destroyed by fire in 1911.[Note 1]
In 1973, Millar returned to Oklahoma with around 18 followers, some of whom were related to him by birth or marriage, to found Elohim City.
In 1986 a Canadian woman and her children sought refuge in the city, contravening a court order awarding custody of the children to her husband. Officers attempting to arrest the woman were met by a show of arms.
By the mid-1990s, four members of the Aryan Republican Army (Michael William Brescia, Kevin McCarthy, Scott Stedeford, and Mark Thomas) were residents of Elohim City. Brescia was engaged to Millar's step-granddaughter and stayed in the city for almost two years. Between 1994 and 1995 these four, together with other members of the ARA (known by the media as the Midwest Bank Robbers), were responsible for a series of 22 bank robberies totaling over $250,000 in the American Midwest, which they used to finance white supremacist causes. Millar denied any knowledge of the robberies.
The remains of former Elohim City guest Richard Snell were released to Elohim City residents following his April 19, 1995, execution in Arkansas. Snell taunted jailers that something drastic would happen on the day of his execution. The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building was destroyed by explosives in the hours before he died. Earlier criminal proceedings had produced evidence that Snell and other affiliates had visited the Murrah building to examine it as a possible bombing target in 1983. However, when Snell watched televised reports of the Oklahoma City bombing prior to his execution, according to Millar, who was with Snell at the time, Snell was appalled by what he saw. This contrasts with reports that he was seen nodding in agreement while watching the broadcast.
In 2008 an Adair County man, who had been previously evicted from Elohim City, was charged with threatening to commit violence against several Elohim City residents. He was acquitted in 2009 following a two-day jury trial in which he represented himself.
Other notable residents
Other individuals who stayed at Elohim City and later appeared in national news include:
- Lonzo B. Ledkins(Korean War) Prisoner of War
- James Ellison, white supremacist leader of The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord
- Carol Howe, BATF informant who worked undercover in Elohim City
- Chevie Kehoe, a self-proclaimed white supremacist and convicted murderer
- Dennis Mahon, a former imperial dragon in the Oklahoma Ku Klux Klan and an organizer for White Aryan Resistance
- Andreas Strassmeir, German immigrant, head of Elohim City security, phoned by Timothy McVeigh two weeks before the OKC bombing.
- Joint Tenancy Warranty Deed Book 001079 Page 0383 Sequoyah County, OK Instrument I-2006-000247 Recorded January 12, 2006 at 1:38pm Fees & Dates Fees $8.00 Mortgage amount $0.00 Document stamps $0.00 Recorded on 01/12/2006 1:38pm Instrument date 09/30/2005 Parties Grantor Search BETHEL CHRISTIAN CHURCH, INC. Grantees Search MILLAR, ROBERT Search MILLAR, PAMELA
- ELOHIM INC. Oklahoma County Records (Adair County) Details Filing Number:2100263233 Name Type:Legal Name Status:In Existence Status Description Corp type: Domestic Not For Profit Corporation Jurisdiction:Oklahoma Formation Date:5 Oct 1973 Registered Agent Information Name:ROBERT G MILLER Effective:N/A Address: RT 1 City, State , Zip Code: Bunch, Oklahoma
- Boondocks Experimental University, Inc. is an Oklahoma Domestic Not For-Profit Corporation filed on August 4, 1995. The company's filing status is listed as In Existence and its File Number is 2100555291. The Registered Agent on file for this company is John James Millar, Larry Duncan, and Zera III Patterson and is located at 101 John Lane Muldrow, OK 74948. The company has 3 principals on record. The principals are Elsie Millar, Jetta Kingkade, and Robert Millar. Company Information Company Name: BOONDOCKS EXPERIMENTAL UNIVERSITY, INC. File Number: 2100555291 Filing State: Oklahoma (OK) Filing Status: In Existence Filing Date: August 4, 1995 Company Age: 18 Years, 11 Months Registered Agent: Lookup Address on Google Maps John James Millar 101 John Lane Muldrow, OK 74948
- 08-7119 - STONE V. ELOHIM, INC.
- Warranty Deed Book 000818 Pages 0554 - 0555 Sequoyah County, OK Instrument I 1997-007027 Recorded November 5, 1997 at 10:30am Fees & Dates Fees $0.00 Mortgage amount $10.00 Document stamps $0.00 Recorded on 11/05/1997 10:30am Instrument date 09/24/1997 Returned on 11/24/1997 Parties Grantors Search MILLAR, R. BRUCE Search MILLAR, JOAN Grantee Search DEPT. OF TRANSPORTATION Legal Description S21 T
- Stone v. Adair County District Attorney's Office et al - Document 18 Court Description:ORDER & OPINION by Judge Ronald A. White dismissing/terminating case and denying as moot plaintiff's "Adair Pauperis Form" ( 7 Motion for Miscellaneous Relief)(law, Deputy Clerk) Modified docket entry text on 9/22/2009 (law, Deputy Clerk)
- Adair County, Oklahoma Instrument I-1996-013991 Recorded February 8, 1990 at 10:40am Fees & Dates Fees $8.00 Mortgage amount $0.00 Document stamps $0.00 Recorded on 02/08/1990 10:40am Instrument date 01/29/1990 Parties Grantor Search CURTSINGER, THURMAN/DOROTHY Grantee Search MILLAR, ROBERT G./ELSIE
- Shook, Somer; Wesley Delano , Robert W. Balch (April 1999). "Elohim City: A Participant-Observer Study of a Christian Identity Community". Nova Religio 2 (2): 245–265. doi:10.1525/nr.19126.96.36.199. ISSN 1541-8480. JSTOR 10.1525/nr.19188.8.131.52.
- Hastings, Deborah (23 February 1997). "Elohim City on Extremists' Underground Railroad". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- Clay, Nolan (10 July 2005). "Elohim City questions resurrected by Nichols". NewsOK. Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- Oklahoma County Records Sequoyah,County 2014-002880 Release 001337 0600 - 0601 ARMSTRONG BANK MILLAR, R BRUCE MILLAR, JOAN S21 T11N R26E SE SE Partial 05/16/2014 2 : View
- "Changing of the Guard: Racist patriarch dies in Oklahoma". Intelligence Report (Southern Poverty Law Center) (103). Fall 2001. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- "Elohim City -- Extremism in America". ADL.org. Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- The New Jerusalem will be the home of Elohim (God) (Father), Yeshua, all of the Sons of God, and human visitors.
- OKLAHOMA POLKS OKLAHOMA CITY DIRECTORY 1960 Millar, Robt G Rev. (Elsie) pastor Bethel Christian Church h1225 NE 68th Bethel Christian Church Rev. Robt G Millar pastor 320 Park av
- Charles Belfoure, "Outside Baltimore, a Reach Back to the 19th Century", New York Times, December 12, 1999.
- Mortgage Book 000776 Pages 0408 - 0409 Sequoyah County, OK Instrument I-1994-014385 Recorded November 17, 1995 at 11:00am Fees & Dates Fees $10.00 Mortgage amount $0.00 Document stamps $0.00 Recorded on 11/17/1995 11:00am Instrument date 11/15/1995 Parties Grantors Search MILLAR, ROBERT GRANT Search MILLAR, ELSIE V Grantee Search VIAN STATE BANK Legal Description 36-11-25 2 Images
- Thomas, Jo (20 May 1995). "Oklahoma City Building". New York Times.
- Thomas, Jo; Ronald Smothers (May 20, 1995). "Oklahoma City Building Was Target Of Plot as Early as '83, Official Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011.
- Gibbons, Bob (September 25, 2008). "Area man charged with making threats". Talequah Daily Press. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Gibbons, Bob (January 23, 2009). "Stone to be tried for threats against compound". Talequah Daily Press. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Gibbons, Bob (October 8, 2009). "Jury acquits area man of threats to Elohim City group". Talequah Daily Press. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Fees & Dates Fees $8.00 Mortgage amount $0.00 Document stamps $0.00 Recorded on 01/13/1992 10:31am Instrument date 07/23/1990 Parties Grantor Search LEDKINS, LONZO B./AIDA C. Grantee Search ELOHIM INC. Legal Description S35
- B. Ledkins (ASN: RA-14338526), United States Army, was held as a Prisoner of War after he was captured during the Korean War on 3 January 1951 and was held until his release on 27 August 1953 after the signing of the Armistice. General Orders: NARA Database: Repatriated Korean Conflict Prisoners of War, 7/5/1950 - 10/6/1954
- Hastings, Deborah (February 23, 1997). "Elohim City on Extremists' Underground Railroad". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- Linder, Douglas O. (2006). "The Oklahoma City Bombing & The Trial of Timothy McVeigh". Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- "Q&A: What really happened: The official version, the conspiracy theories and the evidence surrounding the Oklahoma bombing". Conspiracy Files. BBC News. March 2, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Atkins, Stephen E. (2011). Encyclopedia of Right-Wing Extremism in Modern American History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-350-7.
- Chapman, Lee Roy; Kline, Joshua (April 15, 2012). "Who's Afraid of Elohim City?". This Land (This Land Press).
- Copeland, Thomas E. (2007). Fool Me Twice: Intelligence Failure and Mass Casualty Terrorism. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. ISBN 978-90-04-15845-0.
- Graff, James L.; Cole, Patrick E.; Shannon, Elaine (February 24, 1997). "The White City on a Hill". Time. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
- Hamm, Mark S. (2002). In Bad Company: America's Terrorist Underground. University Press of New England. ISBN 978-1-55553-492-9.
- Jones, Stephen; Israel, Peter (2001). Others Unknown: Timothy McVeigh and the Oklahoma City Bombing Conspiracy. PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-58648-098-1.
- Malcomson, Scott L. (2001). One Drop of Blood: The American Misadventure of Race. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-374-52794-5.
- Quarles, Chester L. (2004). Christian Identity: The Aryan American Bloodline Religion. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-1892-3.
- Simi, Pete; Futrell, Robert (2010). American Swastika: Inside the White Power Movement's Hidden Spaces of Hate. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-4422-0208-5.
- Wright, Stuart A. (2007). Patriots, Politics, and the Oklahoma City Bombing. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-87264-5.
- Zeskind, Leonard (2009). Blood and Politics: The History of the White Nationalist Movement from the Margins to the Mainstream. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-374-10903-5.