Ellicott City, Maryland
|Ellicott City, Maryland|
|• Total||30.1 sq mi (77.9 km2)|
|• Land||30.0 sq mi (77.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||180 ft (55 m)|
|• Density||2,200/sq mi (850/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||410, 443|
|GNIS feature ID||0584282|
Ellicott City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Howard County, Maryland, United States. It is part of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. The population was 65,834 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Howard County. Founded in 1772, the town features the B&O Railroad Museum Ellicott City Station, built in 1830, and a downtown historic district which is a very popular destination among antiques shoppers, with restaurants, eclectic boutique shops, coffee shops, a tea room and many historic sites. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, Ellicott City surpassed Towson, Maryland, as the largest unincorporated county seat in the country.
Ellicott City is listed amongst America's most affluent communities and is located in Howard County, the third wealthiest county in the United States according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Since 2005, Ellicott City has been ranked four times among the top "20 Best Places to Live in the United States" by Money and CNNMoney.com. 
The downtown area is often called "Historic Ellicott City" or "Old Ellicott City", to distinguish it from the unincorporated area that extends north to the Baltimore County line, south to Columbia, and west to West Friendship.
In 1772, three Quaker brothers from Bucks County, Pennsylvania, chose the picturesque wilderness, upriver from Elk Ridge Landing (known today as Elkridge, Maryland), to establish a flour mill. John, Andrew, and Joseph Ellicott founded Ellicott's Mills, which became one of the largest milling and manufacturing towns in the East.
The Ellicott brothers helped revolutionize farming in the area by persuading farmers to plant wheat instead of tobacco and also by introducing fertilizer to revitalize depleted soil. Charles Carroll, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and a wealthy landowner, was an early influential convert from tobacco to wheat.
In 1830, Ellicott's Mills became the first terminus of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad outside Baltimore. The station, built of huge blocks of locally quarried granite, stands today as a living history museum, and has been designated a National Historic Landmark by the U.S. Department of the Interior. It bears the designation as the "Oldest surviving railroad station in America". The famous race between Peter Cooper's iron engine, the Tom Thumb, and a horse-drawn carriage took place at Relay on the return trip from Ellicott's Mills in August 1830. Even though the horse won the race due to a broken drive belt on the Tom Thumb, steam engines steadily improved, and the railroad became a vital link in the town's economy.
The site of the courthouse, which was built from 1840–1843 when the Howard District of Anne Arundel County, Maryland, was so designated in 1839. Howard County became an official independent jurisdiction in 1851. By 1861, Ellicott's Mills was a prosperous farming and manufacturing area. At the start of the Civil War in May 1861, Union troops seized a Winans Steam Gun en route to Harpers Ferry at Ellicott Mills. The experimental gun was used to guard the Thomas Viaduct for the remainder of the war. On July 10, 1864, Federal troops under the command of General Lew Wallace retreated down the National Pike from the Battle of Monocacy to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Ellicott's Mills station. Homes and churches in Ellicott's Mills were temporarily used as hospitals for the Union wounded. After the war in 1866, cholera broke out and Granite Mills cotton factory owned by Benjamin Detford burned down.
In 1867, a city charter was secured for Ellicott's Mills, and the name was changed to "Ellicott City". The only chartered city in the county, Ellicott City lost its charter in 1935 and was designated a historic district by the county in 1973. Ellicott City today serves as the county seat for Howard County.
In 1879, political gangs controlled the polling locations shooting and wounding Ellicott City colored voters. The Deputy Sheriff declined to arrest the leaders for fear of his life and further outbreaks of violence.
Ellicott City was early to the Temperance movement, enacting a law against "spiritous, fermented or intoxicating liquors" in 1882, taking effect 1 May 1883. This was shortly changed to limit sales of liquor to licensed shops that did not sell other goods.
In 1892, trolley service was proposed for Ellicott City.
In February 1895, shop owner Daniel F Shea was murdered by Jacob Henson and was sentenced to death. Fearing that Governor Brown may release Henson due to insanity, a group of residents broke into the jail and lynched Henson on Merricks lane with a sign saying "Brown cannot rule our cort". Governor Brown condemned the citizens and ordered all condemned prisoners to the Maryland Penitentiary from then on. After a difficult start in 1896, Granite mining was started.
The County's only major aircraft incident occurred in Ellicott City near Clarksville in 1962, when a Vickers Viscount disabled by a bird strike crashed on the Homewood farm killing all aboard. The farm is now a housing development and headquarters to the Howard County Public School System.
In the early summer of 1972, the downtown Main Street area was extensively flooded by Hurricane Agnes; the Ellicott brothers' house on the mill property was also destroyed. A more severe flood in 1868 drowned 43 people, wiped out the granite cotton mill, Charles A. Gambrils Patapsco Mill,John Lee Carroll's mill buildings, and dozens of homes. The city faced lesser floods in 1817 and 1837.
Historic Main Street has also been the site of several devastating fires, most notably in November 1984 and again on November 9, 1999. The former was started by Leidig's Bakery's faulty air conditioning unit and destroyed six buildings; the latter, a six-alarm blaze which destroyed five businesses and caused an estimated $2 million in damage, was accidentally started behind a restaurant by a discarded cigarette.
The Ellicott City area was home to the fairy tale-themed amusement park known as the Enchanted Forest. The park has been closed to the general public since the early 1990s, and a shopping center (called the Enchanted Forest Shopping Center) was built on its parking lot. Many of the attractions have been moved to Clark's Elioak Farm in Ellicott City, where they are being restored. The Enchanted Forest was featured in the 1990 John Waters-directed film Cry-Baby, starring Ricki Lake and Johnny Depp.
On May 6, 2012, a homeless man entered Saint Peter's Episcopal Church and shot both the co-rector, Rev. Mary-Marguerite Kohn, and the office secretary, Brenda Brewington. The shooter, 56-year old Douglas Franklin Jones, was a regular visitor to the church's food pantry who had become angry the previous week about being told to limit his visits. Jones was found in the woods nearby, dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Both of the victims died, Brewington on the scene, and Kohn at the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center two days later.
At midnight on August 21, 2012, a CSX coal train derailed on the Old Main Line Subdivision. Two 19-year old girls, Elizabeth Conway Nass and Rose Louese Mayr, who were sitting on the railroad bridge over Main Street, were killed when coal was dumped on them.
Ellicott City is located at (39.26806, 76.79889).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 30.1 square miles (77.9 km2), of which 30.0 square miles (77.6 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.41%, is water.
Like Rome, Ellicott City is claimed to be built on seven hills. These hills lie southeast of the Historic District, which is on the banks of the Patapsco River. Continuing the Rome analogy, the small tributary of the Patapsco that forms the narrow valley followed by Main Street is named the Tiber River. Several deep stream valleys converge at this location, which increases the risk of flooding but at the same time creates the town's dramatic heights. Historic Ellicott City sits on Ordovician granite whose outcrops can be seen lining Main Street.
Ellicott City lies within the humid continental climate zone. Summers are hot and humid, with frequent thunderstorms. Spring and fall bring pleasant temperatures. Winter is often considered chilly by U.S. standards, with lighter rain showers of longer duration. Sporadic snowfall can occur in winter, but is usually relatively light. Rainfall is spread evenly throughout the year, with each month receiving about 3-5 inches.
|Climate data for Ellicott City, MD|
|Source: Intellicast"Historic Average". Retrieved 2013-01-18.|
Culture and attractions
- Ellicott City Station
- The Chesapeake Shakespeare Company
- Enchanted Forest
- Shrine of St. Anthony
- Trolley Line Number 9 Trail
Ellicott City has been called one of the most haunted small towns on the east coast. The Howard County Tourism Council runs a Ghost Tour that visits several places with reputations for paranormal activity. Among these are the mansions Lilburn, Hayden House, and Mt. Ida; the B&O railroad bridge that crosses over Main Street in the center of the town; the old Ellicott City Firehouse; and the Patapsco Female Institute.
|Race||Population||% of Total|
|Two or More Races||1,850||2|
|Three or more races||139||< 1%|
|American Indian||134||< 1%|
As of the census of 2010, there were 65,834 people, 23,734 households, and 18,150 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,188.8 people per square mile (845.1/km²). There were 24,672 housing units at an average density of 822.4 per square mile (317.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 64.5% White, 8.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 22.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.1% some other race, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.
There were 23,734 households, out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were headed by married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76, and the average family size was 3.20.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the CDP was $103,464, and the median income for a family was $120,064. Males had a median income of $63,938 versus $41,721 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $29,287. About 2.2% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
Education and schools
Ellicott City proper is served by Mount Hebron High School, Centennial High School, and Howard High School in the Howard County Public School System; Marriotts Ridge High School serves most of the rest of the CDP area. Two of the system's special schools, along with the central offices, also have Ellicott City addresses, though in fact they are on the northern edge of Columbia.
Middle schools serving the CDP are Burleigh Manor, Dunloggin, Bonnie Branch, Mount View, Ellicott Mills and Patapsco. The elementary schools include Veterans, Ilchester, Northfield, Centennial Lane, Manor Woods, St. Johns Lane, Worthington, and Hollifield Station.
St. John's Parish Day School is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the town center, and Glenelg Country School is located at the western edge of the CDP.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2012)|
- Andrew Adams (writer/director), American writer and film director; raised in Ellicott City and attended Centennial High School
- Benjamin Banneker, African-American scientist, astronomer, inventor, writer, and antislavery publicist, born in Ellicott's Mills, November 9, 1731
- Beatrice Capra, amateur tennis player who won several rounds at the US Open in 2010
- Frank Cho, comics writer/artist, and creator of Liberty Meadows
- James A. Clark, Jr., president of the Maryland State Senate from 1979 to 1983
- The Dangerous Summer, indie band that originated from Ellicott City
- Divine, actor
- Charles S. Dutton, American actor who originally was from Baltimore
- David Ellicott Evans, former US Congressman
- Michael Anthony Franano, American singer/songwriter and musician
- Edward Hammond (politician)
- Mantle Hood, American ethnomusicologist, died in Ellicott City
- Thomas Watkins Ligon, 30th Governor of Maryland; died in Ellicott City in 1881 and is buried at St. John's Cemetery
- Suzanne Malveaux, CNN reporter; went to high school in Ellicott City
- Aaron Maybin, professional football player for the New York Jets of the National Football League; went to high school in Ellicott City
- Ken Navarro, Italian-American contemporary jazz guitarist and composer
- Alexis Ohanian, internet entrepreneur, activist and investor
- Timothy E. Parker, Crossword editor of USA Today, TV producer and Guinness World Records puzzle master.
- Edward Snowden, whistleblower
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Howard County Tourism Home Page
- MONEY Magazine: Best places to live 2005
- Best Places to Live 2006 - Money Magazine
- Best places to live 2008 - Top 100 City details: Ellicott City, MD - from MONEY Magazine
- "Best Places to Live 2010". CNN.
- Joseph R. Mitchell, David Stebenne. New City Upon a Hill: A History of Columbia, Maryland. p. 22.
- The Evening Telegraph. 18 August 1866.
- "Maryland-Colored voters shot down and driven away from the polls". The New York Times. 5 November 1879.
- Maryland Court of Appeals. Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals, Volume 140 - State vs. Benjamin Mellor Jr. p. 366.
- "Dragged to his death". The Baltimore American. 29 May 1895.
- Marsha Wight Wise. Ellicott City. p. 91.
- Rasmussen, Frederick (24 November 2007). "Flight's tragic encounter with a whistling swan. Collision with bird caused 1962 crash into woods on a Howard County farm". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- "The Maryland Flood". The New York Times. 28 July 1868.
- Second woman dies after Ellicott City church shooting-Baltimore Sun Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- Train derailment kills 2 in Ellicott City, Maryland Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- Funeral set for 1 of 2 women killed in coal train derailment in Maryland’s Ellicott City-Washington Post Retrieved 25 August 2012.[dead link]
- U.S. Geological Survey, "Ellicott City, Maryland" quadrangle, 1974
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Ellicott City CDP, Maryland". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
- Historic Ellicott City, MD - Haunted Ellicott City
- "Ellicott City Maryland Population Statistics". US Census Bureau. Retrieved Monday, April 29, 2013.
- U.S. Census Bureau. Ellicott City CDP, Maryland - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder
- Howard County Public Schools. High School Attendance Areas (Map) (12/9/2008 ed.). http://www.hcpss.org/boundarylines/map_high.pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
- Howard County Public Schools. Middle School Attendance Areas (Map) (12/9/2008 ed.). http://www.hcpss.org/boundarylines/map_middle.pdf. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- Howard County Public Schools. Elementary School Attendance Areas (Map) (12/9/2008 ed.). http://www.hcpss.org/boundarylines/map_elem.pdf. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
- Liberty Meadows Book 1: Eden 2002. Image Comics
- Milstead, Frances; Heffernan, Kevin; Yeager, Steve (2001). My Son Divine. Los Angeles: Alyson Books. p. 50. ISBN 1-55583-594-5.
- Owens, Donna M. (October 21, 2010). "Aaron Maybin's home-field advantage; Baltimore native may play for the Buffalo Bills, but he has a condo at the Inner Harbor". The Baltimore Sun (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Guidera, Mark (December 5, 1993). "Home Grown Hits - The Baltimore Sun". www.kennavarro.com. Ken Navarro. Retrieved February 11, 2012.
- Lagorio-Chafkin, Christine (May 30, 2012). "How Alexis Ohanian Built a Front Page of the Internet - Inc.".
- Tracy, Connor (June 10, 2013). "What we know about NSA leaker Edward Snowden". NBCNews.com.
- Historic Ellicott City, Inc.
- EllicottCity.net, community page
- Ellicott City Historic District Partnership — Ellicott City Restoration Foundation, Inc.
- Photographs of historic Ellicott City — by John L. Beck
- Photos of Ellicott City, Maryland on Wikimedia Commons
- Photos of Main Street, Ellicott City on Wikimedia Commons
- Patapsco River Rock Building — July family event near Ellicott City, MD.