Emiliano Figueroa

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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Figueroa and the second or maternal family name is Larraín.
Emiliano Figueroa
Efigueroa.PNG
President of Chile
In office
September 6, 1910 – December 23, 1910
Preceded by Elías Fernández Albano
Succeeded by Ramón Barros Luco
In office
December 23, 1925 – May 10, 1927
Preceded by Luis Barros Borgoño
Succeeded by Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Personal details
Born (1866-07-12)July 12, 1866
Santiago, Chile
Died May 15, 1931(1931-05-15) (aged 64)
Santiago, Chile
Political party Liberal Democratic
Spouse(s) Leonor Sánchez Vicuña

Emiliano Figueroa Larraín (July 12, 1866 - May 15, 1931) was President of Chile from December 23, 1925 until his resignation on May 10, 1927. He also served as Acting president for a few months on 1910.

Biography[edit]

Figueroa was born on July 12, 1866 in Santiago, son of Francisco de Paula Figueroa Araoz and of Rosalía Larraín Echeverría. He studied in the San Ignacio School and then went on to study law at the State University. He graduated in 1889 and that same year was named secretary to the Intendant of Santiago.

Figueroa decided to embark on a political career and joined the Liberal Democratic Party, which supported a stronger executive. He was elected deputy for Victoria and Melipilla in 1900 and reelected in 1903. In 1907, once his term had ended, he was selected to replace Juan José Valenzuela, deputy for Rere and Puchacay, who had died in July that year. In 1909, Figueroa was once again elected to the Chamber of Deputies, this time representing Itata.

On October 25, 1907, President Pedro Montt named Figueroa Minister of Justice, a position which he kept until September 15, 1909. President Montt died on August 16, 1910 and was replaced by his Minister of Interior, Elías Fernández, who became acting president. Fernández named Figueroa Minister of Interior but died on September 6 that very year. Figueroa then replaced Fernández as acting president and stayed in that position until December 23, when Ramón Barros Luco was inaugurated as President.

Barros named Figueroa to the post of ambassador to Spain in 1911, and in 1914 became ambassador to Argentina. Figueroa was considered a harmless politician and the three major political parties in Chile, Conservative, Liberal, and Radical, chose him as a consensus candidate for the 1925 Chilean presidential election. The purpose of having a single candidate was to avoid political campaigning in the volatile political situation the country was in. Nevertheless, leftist José Santos Salas ignored the three parties' agreement and declared his candidacy, backed by the Social Republican Worker's Union.

Figueroa easily defeated Salas and became president on 23 December 1925. Figueroa kept the ambitious General Carlos Ibáñez as Minister of War, and later named him Minister of the Interior. In 1927, Ibáñez ordered the arrest of Figueroa's brother Javier Ángel, President of the Supreme Court. Unable to withstand the political pressure, Figueroa resigned and Ibáñez became acting president. After winning the presidential election that year with 98% of the vote, Ibáñez became President and wielded dictatorial powers.

Ibáñez named Figueroa ambassador to Peru in 1928. Upon his return, Figueroa became president of the Central Bank. He died in an accident on May 15, 1931.

Sources[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Elías Fernández
Acting President of Chile
1910
Succeeded by
Ramón Barros Luco
Preceded by
Luis Barros Borgoño
President of Chile
1925 - 1927
Succeeded by
Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Government offices
Preceded by
Ismael Tocornal
Governor of Central Bank
1929 - 1931
Succeeded by
Francisco Garcés