President of Chile

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President of
the Republic of Chile
Flag of the President of Chile.svg
Michelle Bachelet foto campaña (Recortada).jpg
Incumbent
Michelle Bachelet

since 11 March 2014
Style
Residence

None official

Term length Four years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Manuel Blanco Encalada
Formation 9 July 1826
Website Government of Chile
Coat of arms of Chile.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile. The President is responsible for both government and state administration.[1] Although its role and significance has changed over the history of Chile, as well as its position and relations with other actors in the national political organization, it is one of the most prominent political figures. It is also considered as one of the institutions that make up the "Historic Constitution of Chile", and is essential to the country's political stability.[2]

Under the current Constitution (adopted in the 1980), the President is elected to serve for a period of four years, with immediate re-election being prohibited. The shorter period (previously the term was six years) allows for parliamentary and presidential elections to be synchronized. The official seat of the President of Chile is the La Moneda Palace in the capital Santiago.

List of heads of state of Chile (1810–present)[edit]

# Picture Name Took office Left office Title(s)
FirstJuntaChile.jpg First Junta 18 September 1810 11 August 1811 President:
Mateo de Toro Zambrano y Ureta
Vice President:
José Martínez de Aldunate
Members:
Fernando Márquez de la Plata y Orozco
Juan Martínez de Rozas Correa
Ignacio de la Carrera y Cuevas
Juan Enrique Rosales Fuentes
Francisco Javier de Reina
Secretary:
José Gregorio Argomedo Montero del Águila
José Gaspar Marín
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Second Junta (Provisional Executive Authority) 11 August 1811 4 September 1811 Members:
Martín Calvo de Encalada y Recabarren
Juan José Aldunate Larrain
Francisco Javier del Solar
Juan Miguel Benavente
José Antonio Astorga Torres
Manuel Joaquín de Valdivieso
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Third Junta (Executive Tribunal) 4 September 1811 15 November 1811 Members:
Juan Martínez de Rozas
Martín Calvo de Encalada y Recabarren
Juan Enrique Rosales Fuentes
John Mackenna O'Reilly
José Gaspar Marín y Esquivel
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Fourth Junta 15 November 1811 2 December 1811 Members:
Juan Martínez de Rozas
José Miguel de la Carrera y Verdugo
José Gaspar Marín y Esquivel
Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (Alternate Member)
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Fifth Junta 2 December 1811 7 March 1814 Members:
José Miguel de la Carrera y Verdugo
Juan José Aldunate Larrain
José Antonio De la Cerda De Santiago Concha
Manuel Rodríguez Erdoyza
Antonio de Irisarri.jpg Antonio José de Irisarri 7 March 1814 14 March 1814 Interim Supreme Director
1 Fco. de la Lastra.JPG Francisco de la Lastra 14 March 1814 23 July 1814 Supreme Director
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Sixth Junta 23 July 1814 2 October 1814 Members:
José Miguel de la Carrera y Verdugo
Julián Urivi Ribas
Manuel Muñoz y Urzúa
From 1814 until 1817, Chile was reconquered by Spanish forces.
MarianoOsorio.JPG Mariano Osorio 2 October 1814 26 December 1815 Royal Governor of Chile
CasimiroMarcoDelPont.JPG Francisco Casimiro Marcó del Pont Díaz Ángel y Méndez 26 December 1815 12 February 1817 Royal Governor of Chile
Chilean patriots defeat the Spanish Empire in Maipu.
2 Ohiggins.jpg Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme 16 February 1817 28 January 1823 Supreme Director
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Government Junta 28 January 1823 4 April 1823 Members:
Agustín De Eyzaguirre Arechavala (President)
José Miguel Infante y Rojas
Fernando De Errázuriz y Martínez de Aldunate
3 RamonFreire.jpg Ramón Freire Serrano 4 April 1823 9 July 1826 Supreme Director
1 Manuel Blanco Encalada (Nataniel Hughes, 1853).jpg Manuel Blanco Encalada 9 July 1826 9 September 1826 Provisional President
AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín De Eyzaguirre Arechavala 9 September 1826 25 January 1827 Provisional President
2 RamonFreire.jpg Ramón Freire Serrano 25 January 1827 8 May 1827 President
FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto Díaz 8 May 1827 16 July 1829 Accidental President
Fcoramonvicuna.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña y Larraín 16 July 1829 19 October 1829 President Delegate
3 FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto Díaz 19 October 1829 2 November 1829 President
Fcoramonvicuna.jpg Francisco Ramón Vicuña y Larraín 2 November 1829 7 December 1829 Acting President
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Government Junta 24 December 1829 18 February 1830 Members:
José Tomás Ovalle y Bezanilla (President)
Isidoro de Errázuriz Aldunate
José María Guzmán Ibáñez
FRuizTagle.jpg Francisco Ruiz-Tagle Portales 18 February 1830 31 March 1830 Provisional President
JTOvalle.jpg José Tomás Ovalle y Bezanilla 1 April 1830 8 March 1831 Provisional President
FernandoErrazurizAldunate.png Fernando Errázuriz Aldunate 8 March 1831 18 September 1831 Provisional President
4 JJPrieto.JPG José Joaquín Prieto Vial 18 September 1831 18 September 1841 President
5 ManuelBulnes.JPG Manuel Bulnes Prieto 18 September 1841 18 September 1851 President
6 Manuel Montt presidente-2.jpg Manuel Montt Torres 18 September 1851 18 September 1861 President
7 JoseJoaqPerez.JPG José Joaquín Pérez Mascayano 18 September 1861 18 September 1871 President
8 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu.jpg Federico Errázuriz Zañartu 18 September 1871 18 September 1876 President
9 AnibalPintoGarmendia.jpg Aníbal Pinto Garmendia 18 September 1876 18 September 1881 President
10 DomingoSantaMaria.JPG Domingo Santa María González 18 September 1881 18 September 1886 President
11 JoseManuelBalmaceda.JPG José Manuel Balmaceda Fernández 18 September 1886 29 August 1891 President
General Baquedano.jpg Manuel Baquedano González 29 August 1891 31 August 1891 Chief of Government
1891 junta.JPG Government Junta 31 August 1891 26 December 1891 Members:
Jorge Montt (President)
Waldo Silva Algüe
Ramón Barros Luco
12 Jorge Montt Alvarez(3).jpg Jorge Montt Álvarez 26 December 1891 18 September 1896 President
13 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren.jpg Federico Errázuriz Echaurren 18 September 1896 12 July 1901 President
Anibal Zanartu.jpg Aníbal Zañartu 12 July 1901 18 September 1901 Acting President
14 German Riesco.jpg Germán Riesco 18 September 1901 18 September 1906 President
15 Retrato de Pedro Montt.JPG Pedro Montt Montt 18 September 1906 16 August 1910 President
Elías Fernandez Albano cropped.jpg Elías Fernández Albano 16 August 1910 6 September 1910 Acting President
Efigueroa.PNG Emiliano Figueroa Larraín 6 September 1910 23 December 1910 Acting President
16 RamonBarrosLuco.jpg Ramón Barros Luco 23 December 1910 23 December 1915 President
17 Jlsanfuentes.PNG Juan Luis Sanfuentes Andonaegui 23 December 1915 23 December 1920 President
18 Arturo Alessandri Palma.jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma 23 December 1920 11 September 1924 President
Altamirano.jpg Luis Altamirano Talavera 11 September 1924 23 January 1925 Chairman of the Government Junta
Pedro Pablo Dartnell 2.jpg Pedro Dartnell Encina 23 January 1925 27 January 1925 Chairman of the Government Junta
Arturo Alessandri Palma.jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma 27 January 1925 1 October 1925 President
Luis Barros Borgoño Vicepresidente.jpg Luis Barros Borgoño 1 October 1925 23 December 1925 Acting President
19 Efigueroa.PNG Emiliano Figueroa Larraín 23 December 1925 10 May 1927 President
20 Carlos Ibañez del Campo 1927.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo 10 May 1927 26 July 1931 President
Pedro Opazo.jpg Pedro Opazo Letelier 26 July 1931 27 July 1931 Provisional President
JEMontero.jpg Juan Esteban Montero Rodríguez 27 July 1931 20 August 1931 Vice-President
Manuel Trucco.jpg Manuel Trucco 20 August 1931 11 November 1931 Vice-President
21 JEMontero.jpg Juan Esteban Montero Rodríguez 11 November 1931 4 June 1932 President
APuga.jpg Arturo Puga Osorio 4 June 1932 16 June 1932 Chairman of the Government Junta
CDavila.jpg Carlos Dávila Espinoza 16 June 1932 13 September 1932 Chairman of the Government Junta (16 June 1932 – 8 July 1932)
Provisional President (8 July 1932 – 13 September 1932)
Bartolomé Blanche.jpeg Bartolomé Blanche Espejo 13 September 1932 2 October 1932 Provisional President
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Abraham Oyanedel Urrutia 2 October 1932 24 December 1932 Acting President
22 Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma 24 December 1932 24 December 1938 President
23 Pedro Aguirre Cerda.jpg Pedro Aguirre Cerda 24 December 1938 25 November 1941 President
Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia.jpg Jerónimo Méndez Arancibia 25 November 1941 2 April 1942 Provisional President
24 Retrato del Presidente Juan Antonio Ríos.jpg Juan Antonio Ríos Morales 2 April 1942 27 June 1946 President
Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez.jpg Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez 27 June 1946 3 August 1946 Acting President
Coat of arms of Chile.svg Vicente Merino Bielich 3 August 1946 13 August 1946 Acting President
Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez.jpg Alfredo Duhalde Vásquez 13 August 1946 17 October 1946 Acting President
Juan Antonio Iribarren.JPG Juan Antonio Iribarren Cabezas 17 October 1946 3 November 1946 Acting President
25 Gabriel Gonzalez Videla.jpg Gabriel González Videla 3 November 1946 3 November 1952 President
26 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo 3 November 1952 3 November 1958 President
27 Jorge Alessandri.jpg Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez 3 November 1958 3 November 1964 President
28 Fotografia Eduardo Frei Montalva.jpg Eduardo Frei Montalva 3 November 1964 3 November 1970 President
29 Salvador Allende in Argentina.jpg Salvador Allende Gossens 3 November 1970 11 September 1973 President
Junta Militar de Pinochet.JPG Government Junta 11 September 1973 27 June 1974 Members:
Augusto Pinochet
José Toribio Merino
Gustavo Leigh
César Mendoza
30 Augusto Pinochet - 1995.jpg Augusto Pinochet Ugarte 27 June 1974 11 March 1990 Supreme Head of the Nation (27 June 1974 – 17 December 1974)
President (17 December 1974 – 11 March 1990)
31 Aylwin Banda.jpg Patricio Aylwin Azócar 11 March 1990 11 March 1994 President
32 Eduardo Frei 1998 (recorte).jpg Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle 11 March 1994 11 March 2000 President
33 Ricardo Lagos despedida (cropped).jpg Ricardo Lagos Escobar 11 March 2000 11 March 2006 President
34 Michelle Bachelet foto campaña.jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria 11 March 2006 11 March 2010 President
35 Fotografía oficial del Presidente Sebastián Piñera - 2.jpg Sebastián Piñera Echenique 11 March 2010 11 March 2014 President
36 Michelle Bachelet foto campaña.jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria 11 March 2014 Incumbent President

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Sentencia Rol 78-1989 of the Constitutional Court of Chile, relapsed on the Central Bank of Chile's Constitutional Act project (declarations Nº 7 to 13).
  2. ^ Bravo Lira, Bernardino (1996). "Introducción. Raíz y razón del Estado de derecho en Chile". El Estado de Derecho en la Historia de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. 

External links[edit]