|Born||Emma Martina Luigia Morano
29 November 1899
(age 114 years, 142 days)
Civiasco (Province of Vercelli), Italy
|Residence||Pallanza (Province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola), Italy|
|Occupation||Jute factory worker|
|Known for||Oldest living verified Italian person|
|Spouse(s)||Giovanni Martinuzzi (1901–1978)
(m. 1926–1978; his death)
|Children||One child (1937–1937)|
|Parents||Giovanni Morano and Matilde Bresciani|
Emma Morano (married Martinuzzi; born 29 November 1899) is an Italian supercentenarian who is, at the age of 114 years, 142 days, the oldest living person in Italy and Europe, and the fifth-oldest living person in the world.
Emma Martina Luigia Morano was born on 29 November 1899 in Civiasco, Vercelli, Piedmont, Italy to Giovanni Morano and Matilde Bresciani, the eldest of eight children, five daughters and three sons. She had a long-lived family: her mother, an aunt and some of her siblings turned 90 and her sister, Angela Morano (1908–2011) died at 102. When she was a child, she moved from the Sesia Valley to Ossola for her father's job, but the climate was so unhealthy there that a physician advised her family to live somewhere with a milder climate so she moved to Pallanza, on Lake Maggiore, where she still lives. In October 1926, she married Giovanni Martinuzzi (1901–1978) and in 1937 her only child was born. Unfortunately, he died when he was only six months old. The marriage was not happy, so, in 1938, Morano decided to separate from her husband, driving him out of the house. Despite that, the couple always remained formally married. Until 1954, she was a worker for the Maioni Industry, a jute factory in her town. Then, she had another job, in the kitchen of "Collegio Santa Maria," a Marianist boarding school in Pallanza, until she was 75, when she retired.
As several recent interviews show, Morano is still a clear headed, jovial, and humorous person. She currently lives alone, and takes care of herself and her house independently. When asked about the secret of her longevity, she said that she had never used drugs, eats three eggs a day, drinks a glass of homemade brandy, and savors a chocolate sometimes, but, above all, she thinks positive about the future.
In 2011, Morano received a visit from U.S. researcher James Clement, engaged in a worldwide study conducted by George Church for Harvard Medical School of Boston, to study the secret of her longevity. In December 2011, she was awarded the honor of Knight of Order of Merit of the Italian Republic by President Giorgio Napolitano.
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- (Italian) "Nacque sotto re Umberto I. Era il 1899 Emma Morano é nata a Civiasco 112 anni fa. Oggi vive a Verbania e abita ancora da sola "Martedì ho festeggiato con torta e vino bianco". Mangia tre uova al giorno e beve la "sua" grappa". Civiasco.netweek.it. 1987-07-16. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
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|Oldest living Italian
2 April 2013 – Incumbent
|Oldest living European
2 April 2013 – Incumbent