|Classification and external resources|
An empyema (from Greek ἐμπύημα, "abscess") is a collection of pus within a naturally existing anatomical cavity. For example, pleural empyema is empyema of the pleural cavity. It must be differentiated from an abscess, which is a collection of pus in a newly formed cavity.
In human medicine, empyema occurs in:
- the pleural cavity (pleural empyema also known as pyothorax)
- the thoracic cavity
- the uterus (pyometra)
- the appendix (appendicitis)
- the meninges (subdural empyema)
- the joints (septic arthritis)
- the gallbladder
- the brain (subdural empyema)
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
1.fever 2.dyspnea 3.pleuritic chest pain 4.general malaise 5.loss of weight 6.frequent cough 7.expectoration of large volume of air in broncho pulmonary fistula
CHEST X-RAY CT SCAN PLEURAL FLUID ANALYSIS
Antibiotics to releive from infection.surgeons may peel lining of lung (decortication)for the lung to expand.