|Comune di Este|
|• Mayor||Giancarlo Piva (PD)|
|• Total||32.7 km2 (12.6 sq mi)|
|Population (30 April 2009)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Santa Tecla|
Este (//; Italian: [ˈɛste]) is a town and comune of the Province of Padua, in the Veneto region of northern Italy. It is situated at the foot of the Euganei Hills. The town is a centre for farming, crafts and industry worthy of note.
Este had given its name to the Este culture, a proto-historic culture existed from the late Italian Bronze Age (10th-9th century BC, proto-venetic phase) to the Roman period (1st century BC) and which was located in the present territory of Veneto.
During the Iron Age Este was a major centre of the Veneti and later, during the 2nd century BC, it became a Roman colony. In Late Antiquity, Este was wrecked by barbarian invasions and arose again only after the 10th century, when Azzo II d'Este built a castle there and named himself and his family after it.
The House of Este held the city until 1240, when they moved their capital to Ferrara. Este was conquered twice by Ezzelino da Romano III, in 1238 and 1249, and disputed during the 14th century by the Scaligeri, the Carraresi and the Visconti, until it surrendered spontaneously to Venice in 1405.
Under the Republic of Venice, Este went through a period of economic growth, interrupted only by the plague of 1630. After the fall of the Republic and the Napoleonic Wars, the town, with the whole Veneto region, became part of the Austrian Empire, until it was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy as a consequence of the Third Independence War of 1866.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Este.|
- Comuni italiani: Este (Italian)
- Official site of the Comune di Este (Italian) (English)
- Guide Comune di Este (Italian)
- Ateste, ancient town