Euphorbia lactea

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Euphorbia lactea
E lactea ies.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: E. lactea
Binomial name
Euphorbia lactea
Haw.

Euphorbia lactea is a species of spurge native to tropical Asia, mainly in India.[1]

Euphorbia lactea in Kourou, French Guiana.

It is an erect shrub growing up to 5 m tall, with succulent branches 3–5 cm diameter, ridged, with a triangular or rhombic cross-section; the ridges are spiny, with short spines up to 5 mm long. The leaves are minute, and soon deciduous.[1] All parts of the plant contain a poisonous milky latex.[2] Common names include Mottled Spurge,[3] Frilled Fan[citation needed], Elkhorn[citation needed], candelabra spurge,[3] Candelabrum tree, Candelabra cactus, Candelabra plant, dragon bones,[3] false cactus,[3] hatrack cactus,[3] Milkstripe euphorbia, Mottled candlestick.

It is used medicinally in India.[4] It is widely grown as an ornamental plant, both in the tropics, and as a houseplant in temperate regions; a number of cultivars have been selected for ornamental use, notably 'Cristata' with frilled branching.[1][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Huxley, A, ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. ISBN 0-333-47494-5
  2. ^ Poisonous plants: Euphorbia lactea
  3. ^ a b c d e Germplasm Resources Information Network: Euphorbia lactea
  4. ^ Plant of the Week.org Euphorbia lactea
  5. ^ Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk: Euphorbia lactea