European Parliament election, 2009 (Slovakia)

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Slovakia European Parliament election, 2009
Slovakia
2004 ←
6 June 2009
→ 2014
13 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 19.64

The European Parliament election of 2009 in Slovakia was the election of the delegation from Slovakia to the European Parliament in 2009.

The turnout, although increased compared to the previous election, was 19.63%, the lowest of any nation involved in the election.

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the results of Slovakia's 6 June 2009 election to the European Parliament
National party European party Main candidate Votes  % +/– Seats +/–
Direction – Social Democracy (SMER) PES Boris Zala 264,722 32.01 15.12 Increase
5 / 13
2 Increase
Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (SDKÚ–DS) EPP Eduard Kukan 140,426 16.98 0.12 Decrease
2 / 13
1 Decrease
Party of the Hungarian Coalition (SMK) EPP Edit Bauer 93,750 11.33 1.91 Decrease
2 / 13
0 Steady
Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) EPP Martin Fronc 89,905 10.87 5.33 Decrease
2 / 13
1 Decrease
People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (ĽS–HZDS) EDP Sergej Kozlík 74,241 8.97 8.06 Decrease
1 / 13
2 Decrease
National Party (SNS) None Dušan Švantner 45,960 5.55 3.54 Increase
1 / 13
1 Increase
Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) None 39,016 4.71 new
0 / 13
0 Steady
Green Party (SZ) EGP 17,482 2.11 new
0 / 13
0 Steady
Conservative Democrats (KDS) + Civic Conservative Party (OKS) None 17,409 2.10
0 / 13
0 Steady
Communist Party (KSS) PEL 13,643 1.65 2.89 Decrease
0 / 13
0 Steady
Free Forum (SF) ELDR 13,063 1.57 1.68 Decrease
0 / 13
0 Steady
Others (parties and candidates that won less than 1% of the vote and no seats) 17,165 2.08
0 / 13
0 Steady
Valid votes 826,782 96.98
Blank and invalid votes 26,751 3.13
Totals 852,517 100.00
13 / 13
1 Decrease
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 4,345,773 19.64 2.68 Increase
Source: Statistics.sk

Division of Seats[edit]

The system of dividing seats to the different lists is somewhat different in Slovakia, compared to some other countries. Firstly the election authorities count the total number of valid votes for parties who have gained more than 5% of the total. In this case there were 709004 such votes (85.75% of the total). This number is divided by 14 (13 seats plus one) to create the RVC (republic election number) or quota, in this case 50643 (6.13% of all valid votes cast). Parties are assigned one seat for the number of times they fill the quota. At this initial stage 5 seats were awarded to SMER, 2 to SDKU, 1 to SMK, 1 to KDH and 1 to HZDS leaving 3 seats still unfilled.

In Slovakia's system of proportional representation, the parties needing the fewest votes to get to their next quota are given the remaining seats. In this case those seats went to SMK, KDH and SNS. This is described in more detail at http://www.volbysr.sk/volbyep2009/sr/tab4_en.html

In the D'Hondt method of proportional representation (as used for example in British Euro elections), the quota is progressively reduced until it reaches a number at which the correct number of candidates is elected. If this system had been applied in Slovakia, it would have resulted in the quota being reduced to 45960 (5.55% of the total), with the remaining 3 seats going to SDKU, SMK and SNS.

Awarding of Seats to Candidates[edit]

Each voter who voted for a party was also allowed to select two candidates from that party. The seats were awarded to candidates in order of the number of preference votes they received, provided that they received preferences from at least 10 percent of all the voters who chose the particular party.[1]

Direction - Social Democracy (SMER)[edit]

List Ranking Name Valid Preferential Votes
1 Boris Zala 102940
2 Vladimír Maňka 42885
3 Monika Flašíková - Beňová 107097
4 Monika Smolková 15830
5 Katarína Neveďalová 4378
6 Alexander Kurtanský 5221
7 Peter Hanulík 10202
8 Gabriela Kečkéšová 3838
9 Peter Markovič 4793
10 Jozef Štrba 5964
11 Vladislav Petráš 1905
12 Svetlana Pavlovičová 12095
13 Milan Magát 3241

Monika Flašíková - Beňová, Boris Zala and Vladimír Maňka were awarded seats they had the most personal preference votes and had received those votes from at least 10 percent of SMER's voters. The remaining seats were awarded on the basis of the party list ordering, the fourth seat going to Monika Smolková, (who was also coincidentally in fourth place in terms of personal preferences) and the fifth seat going to Katarína Neveďalová (who was actually tenth in order of personal preference votes).

Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party (SDKU)[edit]

List Ranking Name Valid Preferential Votes
1 Eduard Kukan 80244
2 Peter Šťastný 41847
3 Milan Gaľa 11613
4 Pavol Kubovič 3955
5 Jarmila Tkáčová 5250
6 Zita Pleštinská 13386
7 Juraj Šváč 3098
8 Marián Török 2829
9 Júlia Hurná 2354
10 Eugen Szép 855
11 Alexander Slafkovský 4411
12 Štefan Mikula 1534

Eduard Kukan and Peter Šťastný were awarded seats they had the most personal preference votes and had received those votes from at least 10 percent of the SDKU's voters.

Party of the Hungarian Coalition (SMK)[edit]

List Ranking Name Valid Preferential Votes
1 Edit Bauer 39721
2 Alajos Mészáros 20652
3 Attila Lancz 5358
4 Sándor Albert 12380
5 Szabolcs Hodosy 11139
6 Zoltán Bara 6398
7 Gábor Klenovics 2297
8 Zsuzsanna Andrássy 4863
9 Pál Banai Tóth 3674
10 Béla Keszegh 7746
11 Csaba Cúth 4581
12 Július Slovák 2918
13 Gergely Agócs 3021

Edit Bauer and Alajos Mészáros were awarded seats they had the most personal preference votes and had received those votes from at least 10 percent of the SMK's voters.

Christian Democratic Movement (KDH)[edit]

List Ranking Name Valid Preferential Votes
1 Martin Fronc 15861
2 Ján Hudacký 17730
3 Anna Záborská 43356
4 Miroslav Mikolášik 29764
5 Ján Vančo 2486
6 Peter Lenč 1087
7 Renáta Ocilková 2078
8 Pavol Kossey 3655
9 Martin Hladký 711
10 Martin Krajčovič 888
11 Martin Kalafut 600
12 Jozef Bobík 2100
13 Ján Morovič 1288

Anna Záborská and Miroslav Mikolášik were awarded seats they had the most personal preference votes and had received those votes from at least 10 percent of the KDH's voters.

People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (LS-HZDS)[edit]

List Ranking Name Valid Preferential Votes
1 Sergej Kozlík 41 990
2 Peter Baco 21226
3 Irena Belohorská 22948
4 Ivana Kapráliková 2147
5 Diana Štrofová 1950
6 Ján Kovarčík 1711
7 Jaroslav Jaduš 1399
8 Jaroslav Ďaďo 2952
9 Pavol Krištof 1150
10 Beáta Sániová 955
11 Jana Kandráčová 1093
12 Igor Liška 893
13 Ladislav Kokoška 851

Sergej Kozlík was awarded the seat as he had the most personal preference votes and had received those votes from at least 10 percent of HZDS's voters.

Slovak National Party (SNS)[edit]

List Ranking Name Valid Preferential Votes
1 Dušan Švantner 9292
2 Jaroslav Paška 12981
3 Vladimír Čečot 3737
4 Daniel Klačko 2929
5 Tatiana Poliaková 2156
6 Štefan Zelník 3691
7 Rafael Rafaj 10277
8 Emil Vestenický 914
9 Augustín Jozef Lang 333
10 Vladislav Bachár 207
11 Roman Stopka 965
12 Ján Stanecký 835
13 Stanislav Čečko 1492

Jaroslav Paška was awarded the one SNS seat, as he had the most personal preference votes and had received those votes from at least 10 percent of the SNS's electors.

The overall effect of preference voting and the 10% rule[edit]

Of the 13 candidate elected, 11 were elected due to the number of personal preference votes they were given, and 2 were elected due to their positions on the party lists.

The 11 candidates elected due to personal preferences included 3 (KDH's Anna Záborská and Miroslav Mikolášik as well as SNS's Jaroslav Paška) whose list positions did not in themselves justify a seat so could be said to have been elected solely by preferential voting. The remaining 8 candidates (SMER's Boris Zala, Vladimír Maňka and Monika Flašíková - Beňová, the SDKU's Eduard Kukan and Peter Šťastný, the SMK's Edit Bauer and Alajos Mészáros as well as the HZDS's Sergej Kozlík) all would have been elected anyway if there was no preference voting in the system (as in some other member states) and the party list ordering had been used alone. It is important to note however, that these 8 people would not have been elected if their personal voters had chosen other candidates, so they were not in any way guaranteed seats as a result of their list positions.

The two candidates elected due to their positions on the party lists were from SMER. One (Monika Smolková) would also have been elected due to her personal preferences if the 10 percent rule had not been in operation but the other (Katarína Neveďalová) was elected solely as a result of her position on the party list.

See also[edit]

http://www.statistics.sk/volbyep2009/sr/tab3.jsp?lang=en

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] "Results of preferential voting" National Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic