Export Administration Act of 1979

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Export Administration Act of 1979
Great Seal of the United States.
Long title An Act to provide authority to regulate exports, to improve the efficiency of export regulation, and to minimize interference with the ability to engage in commerce.
Colloquial acronym(s) EAA
Nickname(s) Export Administration Act Amendments of 1979
Enacted by the  96th United States Congress
Effective September 29, 1979
Public Law 96-72
Stat. 93 Stat. 503
Title(s) amended 50 U.S.C.: War and National Defense
U.S.C. section(s) amended 50 U.S.C. ch. Appendix - Export Regulation § 2401 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as S. 737 by Adlai Stevenson, III (DIL) on March 22, 1979
  • Committee consideration by: Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
  • Passed the Senate on July 21, 1979 (74-3)
  • Passed the House on September 25, 1979 (passed, in lieu of H.R. 4034)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on September 27, 1979; agreed to by the Senate on September 27, 1979 (agreed) and by the House on September 28, 1979 (321-19)
  • Signed into law by President Jimmy Carter on September 29, 1979

The Export Administration Act (EAA) of 1979 (P.L. 96-72) provided legal authority to the President to control U.S. exports for reasons of national security, foreign policy, and/or short supply. However, the 1990 farm bill (P.L. 101-624) provided for contract sanctity by prohibiting the President from restricting the export of any agricultural commodity already under contract for delivery within 270 days from the date an embargo is imposed under the EAA, except during national emergency or war. With the expiration of EAA in 1994, the President declared a national emergency and exercised authority under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (P.L. 95-223; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) to continue the EAA export control regulations then in effect by issuing Executive Order 12924 on August 19, 1994. Presidents since then have each year extended these regulations by Presidential Notice.

Federal Law/Regulation Forbidding Anti-Israel Boycotts[edit]

The US Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security is charged with enforcing and administering the anti-boycott laws under the Export Administration Act.

"Those laws discourage, and in some circumstances, prohibit U.S. companies from furthering or supporting the boycott of Israel sponsored by the Arab League, and certain Muslim countries, including complying with certain requests for information designed to verify compliance with the boycott. " [1]