Federico Moreno Torroba

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Federico Moreno Torroba (3 March 1891 – 12 September 1982) was a Spanish composer, born in Madrid. He is noted foremost for his important contributions to the classical guitar repertoire, although he also wrote for other instruments, including many zarzuelas and operas.

Federico Moreno Torroba
Born (1891-03-03)March 3, 1891[1]
Madrid, Spain[2]
Died September 12, 1982(1982-09-12) (aged 91)[3]
Madrid, Spain[4]
Nationality Spanish
Occupation Composer

Biography[edit]

Moreno Torroba is often associated with the zarzuela, a traditional Spanish musical form. Directing several opera companies, Moreno Torroba helped introduce the zarzuela to international audiences. However, he is probably best known for his compositions for the classical guitar,[5] many of which were dedicated to either Maria Angélica Funes or Andrés Segovia.

Works[edit]

In addition to his conducting duties, he composed many works, both in the traditional Spanish form and for the concert hall. He achieved his greatest success in the 1930s with the zarzuelas Luisa Fernanda (1932) and La Chulapona (1934). He also composed several operas, of which La Virgen de Mayo (1925) and El Poeta (1980), with Plácido Domingo in the title role) are his best known.[6]

Operas[edit]

  • La Virgen de Mayo, 1 act (1925)
  • El Poeta, 4 acts (1980)

Zarzuelas[edit]

  • La Mesonera de Tordesillas (1925)
  • La Marchenera (1928)
  • Azabache (1932)
  • Luisa Fernanda (1932)
  • Xuanón (1933)
  • La Chulapona (1934)
  • Maravilla (1941)
  • El Duende azul (1946, with Rodrigo)
  • Baile en Capitanía (1960)
  • Ella (1966)

Ballets[edit]

  • Fantasía de Levante (1957)
  • Don Quixote (1970)
  • El Hijo pródigo (1976)
  • Cristo, luz del mundo (1978)

Orchestral works[edit]

(see below for works with guitar)

  • La Ajorca de oro (1918)
  • Zoraida (1919)
  • Suite madrileña (1953)
  • Mosaico sevillano (1954)
  • Aires vascos (1956)
  • Danzas asturianas (1956)
  • San Fermín (1960)
  • Eritaña (1979)
  • Sonatina trianera (1980)
  • Fantasía castellana (1980) for piano and orchestra

Guitar works[edit]

Solo

  • Sonatina (1924)
  • Nocturno (1926)
  • Suite castellana (1926). Contains: 1. Fandanguillo; 2. Arada; 3. Danza.
  • Preludio (1928)
  • Burgalesa (1928)
  • Piezas características (1931). Contains: 1. Preámbulo; 2. Oliveras; 3. Melodía; 4. Albada; 5. Los Mayos; 6. Panorama.
  • Madrileñas (1953)
  • Zapateados (1953)
  • Segoviana (1956)
  • Sevillana (1956)
  • Once obras (1966)
  • Habanera de mi niña (1966)
  • Castillos de España ("Castles of Spain") (vol. 1, 1970; vol. 2, 1978): Contains: (Sigüenza, Manzanares el Real, Alba de Tormes, Montemayor, Alcañiz, Javier, Torija, Simancas, Zafra, Turégano, Redaba, Alcázar de Segovia, Olite, Calatrava)
  • Tríptico (1973)
  • Las Puertas de Madrid (1976). Contains: Puerta de San Vicente; Puerta de Moros; Puerta de Toledo; Puerta de Alcalá; Puerta del Ángel; Puerta Cerrada; Puerta de Hierro.
  • Aires de La Mancha
  • Madroños
  • Romance de los Pinos
  • Serenata Burlesca
  • Siete Piezas de Álbum. Contains: Chisperada; Rumor de Copla; Minueto del Majo; ¡Ay, Malagueña!; Aire Vasco; Segoviana; Bolero Menorquín.
  • Sonatina y variación in E minor
  • Suite miniatura. Contains: Llamada; Tremolo; Vals; Divertimento.

Guitar with orchestra

  • Concerto de Castilla (1960)
  • Homenaje a la seguidilla (1962)
  • Tres nocturnos (1970)
  • Concerto ibérico (1976)
  • Diálogos (1977)

Guitar quartets

  • Ráfagas (1976)
  • Estampas (1979)
  • Sonata-Fantasía II (1976)
  • Sonata trianera (1980)

Piano works[edit]

  • Apetits pas (1913)
  • El Mate (1915)
  • Alegrías de Cadiz (1957)
  • Fandango corralero (1957)
  • Torerías (1957)
  • Chucares (1958)
  • Noche sevillana (1959)

Recordings with Moreno Torroba as conductor or performer[edit]

LP[edit]

  • Mosaico Andaluz - Orquesta De Conciertos De Madrid, Director y arreglador F. Moreno Torroba (Sello Hispavox, Año 1958. 45 R.P.M.)[7]
  • Recordando El Ayer - Orquesta Federico Moreno Torroba (1961) [8]
  • La Voz de su Amo - Isabel Rivas, Luis Sagi-Vela, Tino Pardo, Ramón Alonso, Rosa Sarmiento, Mari Carmen Ramírez, Matilde Garcés, Enrique del Portal, Luis Frutos, Ana M.ª Amengual. Coro Cantores de Madrid, dir.: José Perera. Orquesta Lírica Española, dir.: Federico Moreno Torroba. (1968) [9]
  • Federico Moreno Torroba -Banda De Pasodobles De Madrid - Lp Pasodobles Toretos - RCA 1958[10]
  • Ultimos Exitos De Lola Flores. Acompañada Por F. Moreno Torroba Y Su Orquestra[11]
  • Luisa Fernanda - Moreno Torroba[12]
  • Corrida De Toros Con Oles[13]
  • María Manuela[14]
  • Moreno Torroba: Homenaje A La Seguidilla c/w Castelnuovo-Tedesco: Guitar Concerto In D, Op.99. Angel Romero, ECO, Federico Moreno Torroba. EMI: ASD 4171.

CD[edit]

References[edit]

Mazurca of the umbrellas http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zoaC9DwL8Kg

External links[edit]