Fianarantsoa Province

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Fianarantsoa
Province
Map of Madagascar with Fianarantsoa highlighted
Map of Madagascar with Fianarantsoa highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 21°30′S 47°0′E / 21.500°S 47.000°E / -21.500; 47.000Coordinates: 21°30′S 47°0′E / 21.500°S 47.000°E / -21.500; 47.000
Country Madagascar
Capital Fianarantsoa
Area
 • Total 103,272 km2 (39,874 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 3,366,291
 • Density 33/km2 (84/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+3

Fianarantsoa Province is a former province of Madagascar. It has an area of 103,272 km2 and population of 3,366,291 (July, 2001 estimate). Its capital was Fianarantsoa. The province along with the 5 other was abolished in 2007 in favour of creation of smaller regions to facilitate administration.

Apart from the capital the major towns were Andohapatsakana, Alakamisy, Fianarantsoa and Fanjakana. The province was home to four major national parks: Ranomafana National Park, Midongy Du Sud, Isalo National Park, and Andringitra. It was frequently referred by its abbreviated form of "Fianar". Fianarantsoa means "Good education".[1]

Geography and demograhics[edit]

Fianarantsoa Province bordered the Toamasina Province in the north, Antananarivo Province in the northwest, Toliara Province in the west and Indian Ocean in the east. 60,000 people spoke the southern Malagasy Betsimisaraka language.[2] In spite of presence of rice producing areas a very high majority of the population lived in poverty. The province's economy suffered greatly due to environmental issues and poor agricultural practices.[3] Around 75% of the province's population lived below the poverty line. The province recorded the highest fertility rate in Madagascar. The average fertility rate per woman was greater than 6.[4] The combined population of the Antananarivo and Fianarantsoa was more than that of the remaining provinces. It was the stronghold of former president Marc Ravalomanana.[5] The major ethnic groups were Betsimisaraka, Betsileo, Antaisaka[6] and Bara. Betsimisaraka and Antaisaka inhabited the east coast of the province while Betsileo people lived in the southern parts of the province.[7]

Fauna[edit]

Several shrew species like Microgale cowani, Microgale gracilis, Microgale gymnorhyncha, Microgale longicaudata, Microgale principula, Microgale pusilla, Microgale taiva and Microgale talazaci were endemic to the province.[8] Many snake species were also endemic to the province.[9]

Education[edit]

Illiteracy was also an important issue. In 2002 around 1200 unopened schools were located in the province. Most of them were constructed by the government.[10] The survival rates were very low.[11] To increase the literacy rate the government had subsidised private schools.[12][13]

Abolition[edit]

The province's president was Fidy Mpanjato Rakotonarivo (since 2005). The provinces were abolished following the results of Malagasy constitutional referendum, 2007 which led to the formation of 22 smaller areas (faritra or regions) to facilitate regional development.[14]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Fianarantsoa div.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ Okai, Atukwei (2013). Mandela the Spear and Other Poems. African Books Collective. p. 99. ISBN 978-0-9921875-1-4. 
  2. ^ Frawley, William (2003). International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. p. 205. ISBN 978-0-19-513977-8. 
  3. ^ Evers, Sandra (2002). Constructing History, Culture and Inequality: The Betsileo in the Extreme Southern Highlands of Madagascar. BRILL. p. 16. ISBN 90-04-12460-8. 
  4. ^ International Monetary Fund (1997). Madagascar - Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues. International Monetary Fund. pp. 47,52. ISBN 978-1-4519-9201-4. 
  5. ^ Mehler, Andreas; Melber, Henning; Walraven, Klaas Van; Amin Kamete (2007). Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2006. Volume 3. BRILL. p. 431. ISBN 90-04-16263-1. 
  6. ^ Olson, James Stuart (1996). The Peoples of Africa: An Ethnohistorical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-313-27918-8. 
  7. ^ Sasnett, Martena Tenney; Sepmeyer, Inez Hopkins (1967). Educational Systems of Africa: Interpretations for Use in the Evaluation of Academic Credentials. University of California Press. p. 1054. GGKEY:D7WF7YWNS1U. 
  8. ^ Wilson, Don E.; Reeder, DeeAnn M. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. JHU Press. pp. 73–75. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. 
  9. ^ Wallach, Van; Williams, Kenneth L.; Boundy, Jeff (2014). Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. CRC Press. p. 611. ISBN 978-1-4822-0847-4. 
  10. ^ World Bank 2002, p. 58.
  11. ^ World Bank 2002, p. 57.
  12. ^ World Bank 2002, p. 63.
  13. ^ Education and Training in Madagascar: Toward a Policy Agenda for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction. World Bank Publications. 2002. ISBN 978-0-8213-5164-2. 
  14. ^ "Initial result shows "Yes" to revision of constitution in Madagascar". People's Daily Online. 7 April 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2014.