||It has been suggested that Location shooting be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since December 2011.|
A filming location is a place where some or all of a film or television series is produced, in addition to or instead of using sets constructed on a movie studio backlot or soundstage. In filmmaking, a location is any place where a film crew will be filming actors and recording their dialog. A location where dialog is not recorded may be considered as a second unit photography site. Filmmakers often choose to shoot on location because they believe that greater realism can be achieved in a "real" place, however location shooting is also often motivated by the film's budget. However, many films shoot interior scenes on a sound stage and exterior scenes on location.
It is often mistakenly believed that filming "on location" takes place in the actual location in which its story is set, but this is not necessarily the case.
Types of locations
There are two main types of locations.
- Location shooting is the practice of filming in an actual setting
- Studio shoots in either a sound stage or back lot
It is common for films or television series to be set in one place, but filmed in another, usually for reasons of economy or convenience, but sometimes because the substitute location looks more historically appropriate.
Some substitute filming locations, and the corresponding film setting, include:
- Almería, Spain - Southwest USA (The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, as well as numerous other Spaghetti Westerns)
- Augusta, Georgia - Boston, Massachusetts (That Darn Cat (1997))
- Baltimore, Maryland - Washington, DC ("House of Cards (2012) - Netflix Series")
- Bath, UK - Boston, Massachusetts (Sleepy Hollow (1999)
- Bristol, UK - Peckham, London (Only Fools and Horses)
- Berlin, Germany - Paris, London (Around the World in 80 Days (2004)), Moscow, Russia (The Bourne Ultimatum (2007))
- Birmingham, UK - New York City (Velvet Goldmine)
- Brent Cross, London, UK - Hamburg (Tomorrow Never Dies)
- Budapest, Hungary - Berlin (Spy Game), Paris (Maigret - UK TV series (1993))
- Cadiz, Spain - Havana, Cuba (Die Another Day)
- Chicago, Illinois elevated railway - New York elevated railway (Spider-Man 2)
- City Chambers, Glasgow, Scotland - The Vatican (Heavenly Pursuits)
- Dubuque, Iowa - Cleveland (F.I.S.T.), portions of Boston (Field of Dreams)
- Fort Hunter Liggett, California - Vietnam (We Were Soldiers)
- Garrison, New York - Yonkers, New York (Hello, Dolly!)
- Gibsons, British Columbia - Marblehead, Massachusetts (Charlie St. Cloud)
- Glasgow, Scotland - Moscow, Russia (Gorky Park), New York City (The House of Mirth), Philadelphia (World War Z), San Francisco (Cloud Atlas) 
- Glod, Romania - Kazakhstan (Borat)
- Hamilton, Ontario - American blue-collar towns & inner cities. Detroit (Exit Wounds (2002)), the Bronx (Finding Forrester (2000))
- Hawaii - West Africa (Tears of the Sun), Brazilian Amazon (The Rundown)
- Helsinki, Finland - Moscow, Russia (Reds, Gorky Park)
- Hedsor House, England - A beautiful English film location (Most Mysterious Murders)
- Isle of Man, UK - Ireland (Waking Ned)
- Iceland - Himalayas (Batman Begins), and Iwo Jima (Flags of Our Fathers)
- Lion Country Safari, Loxahatchee, FL - African Plains ("Palm Beach Illustrated" + various)
- Lincoln Cathedral, UK - Westminster Abbey (The Da Vinci Code)
- Liverpool, UK - Moscow, Russia (Yentl, The Hunt for Red October)
- Los Angeles, USA - Washington, D.C., New York City (24)
- Madrid, Spain - Moscow, Russia (Doctor Zhivago)
- Malta - Ancient Sparta (Troy); Ancient Rome (Gladiator); Rome, Beirut, Cyprus, Tel Aviv, Athens (Munich); Sweethaven (Popeye)
- Manchester, UK - New York (Alfie (2004))
- Maputo, Mozambique - Sierra Leone (Blood Diamond)
- Melbourne, Australia - London, New York City (Queen of the Damned)
- Mount Taranaki/Egmont, New Zealand - Himeji, Kyoto, Japan (The Last Samurai)
- Oxford, UK - The Republic of China (Spy Game)
- Prague, Czech Republic - Vienna, Austria (Amadeus (1984)), Zürich, Switzerland (The Bourne Identity (2002))
- Puerto Rico - Brazil (Fast Five)
- Romania - Los Angeles (Seed of Chucky)
- Roslyn, USA - Cicely, Alaska (Northern Exposure)
- Royal Horticultural Hall, London, UK - interior Berlin Tempelhof Airport (Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade)
- Slovakia - California (Ravenous)
- Wales - North Korea (Die Another Day)
- St Pancras Hotel, London - Arkham Asylum, Gotham City (Batman Begins)
- Saint Petersburg, Russia - Berlin, Germany (Der Untergang (Downfall))
- Sydney, Australia - Metropolis (Superman Returns (2006))
- Thailand - Various locations around Thailand have been used for many films depicting the Vietnam War era, including The Deer Hunter, The Killing Fields, Casualties of War, Air America and Operation Dumbo Drop.
- Tilbury Docks, Essex, UK - Gotham Harbour (Batman Begins)
- Toronto, Canada - Many locations are depicted, but Chicago and New York City are most often represented.
- Vancouver, Canada - depicting various places but often Washington state, especially Seattle
- Vienna, Austria - Bratislava, Czechoslovakia (The Living Daylights)
- Winnetka, Illinois - Chicago, Illinois (Home Alone)
West view of the house used in the 1999 film American Pie.
Northwest view of the house used in the 2001 film Donnie Darko.
- Location shooting
- Location manager, the person responsible for the locations department
- Location scouting
- Location library