|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013)|
The Fitzpatrick Scale (also Fitzpatrick skin typing test or Fitzpatrick phototyping scale) is a numerical classification schema for the color of skin. It was developed in 1975 by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, a Harvard dermatologist, as a way to classify the response of different types of skin to UV light. Later, it was updated to also contain non-white skin types. It remains a recognized tool for dermatologic research into the color of skin.
It measures several components: Genetic Disposition, Reaction to Sun Exposure, and Tanning Habits.
The Fitzpatrick Scale:
- Type I (scores 0–7) Light, pale white.
Always burns, never tans
- Type II (scores 8–16) White; fair.
Usually burns, tans with difficulty
- Type III (scores 17–24) Medium, white to olive.
Sometimes mild burn, gradually tans to olive.
- Type IV (scores 25–30) Olive, moderate brown.
Rarely burns, tans with ease to a moderate brown.
- Type V (scores over 30) Brown, dark brown.
Very rarely burns, tans very easily
- Type VI Black, very dark brown to black.
Never burns, tans very easily, deeply pigmented.
- Fitzpatrick, T. B. (1975). "Soleil et peau" [Sun and skin]. Journal de Médecine Esthétique (in French) (2): 33–34
- Pathak, M. A.; Jimbow, K.; Szabo, G.; Fitzpatrick, T. B. (1976). "Sunlight and melanin pigmentation". In Smith, K. C. (ed.): Photochemical and photobiological reviews, Plenum Press, New York, 1976: 211-239
- Fitzpatrick, T. B. (1986). "Ultraviolet-induced pigmentary changes: Benefits and hazards", Therapeutic Photomedicine, Karger, vol. 15 of "Current Problems in Dermatology", 1986: 25-38
|This dermatology article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|