Flan is an open pastry or sponge cake containing a sweet or savoury filling. A typical flan of this sort is round, with shortcrust pastry. It is similar to a custard tart or a South African melktert.
The English word "flan", and the earlier forms "flaune" and "flawn", come from the Old French flaon (modern French flan), in turn from the early Medieval Latin fladōn-em, derived from the Old High German flado, a sort of flat cake, probably from an Indo-European root for "flat" or "broad".
- Fort, Matthew (15 August 2009). "Food for Fort: An oats mill and french flan:How to roll your own oats, bake a flan nature and get perfect smoked fish". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition (1989); Petit Robert 1973.