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- Not to be confused with Flan (custard), also known as flan de leche or crème caramel
Flan is an open pastry or sponge cake containing a sweet or savoury filling. A typical flan of this sort is round, with shortcrust pastry.
The British savoury flans may have diverged from the Spanish and French custard flans (also known as crème caramel) in the Middle Ages.. It is similar to a Custard tart which has a topping of nutmeg or a South African melktert, which includes cinnamon.
The English word "flan" and the earlier forms "flaune" and "flawn" come from Old French flaon (modern French flan), in turn from early Medieval Latin fladōn-em, derived from Old High German flado, a sort of flat cake, probably from an Indo-European root for "flat" or "broad".
- Fort, Matthew. "Food for Fort: An oats mill and french flan:How to roll your own oats, bake a flan nature and get perfect smoked fish". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition (1989); Petit Robert 1973.