Fontes Pereira de Melo

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Fontes Pereira de Melo
Fontes Pereira de Melo.jpg
33rd Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
13 September 1871 – 6 March 1877
Monarch Luís I
Preceded by António José de Ávila
Succeeded by António José de Ávila
35th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
26 January 1878 – 29 May 1879
Monarch Luís I
Preceded by António José de Ávila
Succeeded by Anselmo José Braamcamp
38th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
14 November 1881 – 16 February 1886
Monarch Luís I
Preceded by António Rodrigues Sampaio
Succeeded by José Luciano de Castro
Personal details
Born (1819-09-08)8 September 1819
Lisbon, Portugal
Died 22 January 1887(1887-01-22) (aged 67)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political party Regenerator Party

António Maria de Fontes Pereira de Melo GCTE KGF (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈfõtɨʃ pɨˈɾɐjɾɐ dɨ ˈmɛlu]; Lisbon, 1819 – Lisbon, 1887) was a Portuguese statesman, politician, and engineer. He was the son of João de Fontes Pereira de Melo and wife and first cousin Jacinta Venância Rosa da Cunha Matos. Historically, he was a very important political figure, deputy, and in several occasions minister, six times Minister of Finance.

He is mostly remembered for conducting dynamic industrial and public infrastructure policy which become known as Fontismo (after his name). He implemented also educational reforms in accordance with the industrialization process started by him (see Instituto Industrial de Lisboa and Escola Industrial do Porto).

His younger sister, Maria Henriqueta de Fontes Pereira de Melo, wife of Vicente Rodrigues Ganhado, was granted the noble title of 1st Marchioness of Fontes Pereira de Melo.

See also[edit]

Preceded by
António José de Ávila, 1st Duke of Ávila and Bolama
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1871–1877
Succeeded by
António José de Ávila, 1st Duke of Ávila and Bolama
Preceded by
António José de Ávila, 1st Duke of Ávila and Bolama
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1878–1879
Succeeded by
Anselmo José Braamcamp
Preceded by
António Rodrigues Sampaio
Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the
Council of Ministers)

1881–1886
Succeeded by
Luciano de Castro