Franklinford, Victoria

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Franklinford
Victoria
FranklinfordMonument.JPG
Monument at Franklinford. It reads "Edward Stone Parker 1802 - 1865 Regional Pioneer Protector of Aboriginies established the Loddon Aboriginal Station, Homestead, Church and School near this site in 1841. His devoted service remains a challenge and inspiration. April 1966."
Franklinford is located in Shire of Hepburn
Franklinford
Franklinford
Coordinates 37°24′0″S 144°01′0″E / 37.40000°S 144.01667°E / -37.40000; 144.01667Coordinates: 37°24′0″S 144°01′0″E / 37.40000°S 144.01667°E / -37.40000; 144.01667
Postcode(s) 3461[1]
Location 100 km (62 mi) NW of Melbourne
LGA(s) Shire of Hepburn

Franklinford is a small community in the Central Highlands of Victoria, Australia, located in the Shire of Hepburn. It was the site chosen by Edward Stone Parker to build the Loddon Aboriginal Protectorate station at Franklinford in January 1841 which was an important focus of the Dja Dja Wurrung people from 1841 until they were forcible resettled in 1864.[2] It is located on the Midland Highway.

History[edit]

Loddon Aboriginal Protectorate Station[edit]

Mount Franklin was the territory of the Gunangara Gundidj clan of the Dja Dja Wurrung.[3] Ethnographical and archaeological evidence indicates that frequent large ceremonial gatherings took place in the area.[4]

Aboriginal farmers at the Loddon Aboriginal Protectorate at Franklinford, 1858

In January 1841 Parker selected a site on the northern side of Mount Franklin on Jim Crow Creek with permanent spring water. The site was chosen with the support of The Dja Dja Wurrung as well as Crown Lands Commissioner Frederick Powlett. Approval for the site was given in March, and a large number of Dja Dja Wurrung accompanied Parker there in June 1841 when the station was established on William Mollison's Coliban run, where an outstation hut already existed.[5] This became known as the Loddon Aboriginal Protectorate Station at Franklinford, and the area was known to the Dja Dja Wurrung as Larne-ne-barramul or the habitat of the emu. Nearby Mount Franklin was known as Lalgambook.[6]

A Homestead, church, school and several out buildings were initially constructed. Franklinford provided a very important focus for the Dja Dja Wurrung during the 1840s where they received a measure of protection and rations, but they continued with their traditional cultural practices and semi-nomadic lifestyle as much as they could. At times over 200 aborigines congregated at Franklinford.[7]

The protectorate ended on 31 December 1848, with about 20 or 30 Dja Dja Wurrung living at the station at that time. Parker and his family remained living at Franklinford. Six Dja Dja Wurrung men and their families settled at Franklinford, but all but one died from misadventure or respiratory disease. Tommy Farmer was the last survivor of this group who walked off the land in 1864 and joined the Coranderrk reserve.[8]

The Aboriginal Protectorate school at Franklinford was closed in February 1864, with the children and families forcibly resettled at Coranderrk Reserve.

On 26 May 2004 Susan Rankin, a Dja Dja Wurrung elder peacefully reoccupied crown land at Franklinford in central Victoria, calling her campsite the Going Home Camp. Rankin asked the Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment to produce documents proving that the Crown has the right to occupy these lands. According to the 2 June 2004 Daylesford Advocate, local DSE officers admitted they "cannot produce these documents and doubt that such documents exist".[9][10]

Franklinford Common School[edit]

Franklinford Common School was built in the mid-1860s, with the Franklinford Hall listed on the Victorian Heritage list, as one of the few schools of its kind still surviving in its original rural setting. The hall received funding for essential repairs and Maintenaince from the Victorian State Government in December 2008.[11]

Franklinford Post Office opened on 15 February 1859 and closed in 1969.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Postcodes - Victorian Postal Codes, 3381 to 3663, Melbourne Victoria Postcodes. Postcodes.com.au. Retrieved on 2008-12-25.
  2. ^ Bain Attwood, My Country. A history of the Djadja Wurrung 1837-1864, Monash Publications in History:25, 1999, ISSN 08180032
  3. ^ MacDonald, Janet; Garry Powell (2008). Double Gold: 1870's Mining and Farming Diaries. Windsor, Victoria: Prahran Mechanics Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-9804536-2-1. 
  4. ^ Daniel Catrice, Victoria's Heritage. Mount Franklin, Hepburn Regional Park, Parks Victoria, 1995. Accessed 25 December 2008
  5. ^ Parker Quarterly report 1 June - 31 Aug 1841, PROVic, VPRS 10/3, file 41/207 as referenced by Bain Attwood, pp26, My Country. A history of the Djadja Wurrung 1837-1864, Monash Publications in History:25, 1999, ISSN 08180032
  6. ^ Edgar Morrison, Frontier life in the Loddon Protectorate : episodes from early days, 1837-1842, Daylesford [Vic.], The Advocate, 1967?. No ISBN
  7. ^ Bain Attwood, pp23-36, My Country. A history of the Djadja Wurrung 1837-1864, Monash Publications in History:25, 1999, ISSN 08180032
  8. ^ Richard Broome, pp115, Aboriginal Victorians. A History since 1800, Allen & Unwin, 2005, ISBN 1-74114-569-4
  9. ^ Margaret Murphy, `Sovereignty, not sorry', Green Left Weekly, 7 July 2004. Accessed 25 December 2008
  10. ^ Jaara re-occupation and camp, Melbourne Indymedia, 4 June 2004. Accessed 25 December 2008
  11. ^ Madeleine Jenkins, Restoration grant for Franklinford Hall, Hepburn Advocate, 16 December 2008. Accessed 25 December 2008
  12. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11.