French ship Sceptre (1780)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Sceptre and French ship Marengo.
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Sceptre
Namesake: Sceptre
National Convention
Battle of Marengo
Builder: Brest
Laid down: 25 May 1780
Launched: 21 September 1780
Commissioned: October 1780
Decommissioned: 1802
Renamed: Convention, 29 September 1792
Marengo, August 1800
Fate: Hulked, 1802.
Broken up, 1811.
General characteristics [1]
Type: Vaisseau de 2e rang
("Ship of the 2nd Rate")
Tonnage: 1,630 tonnes
Length: 55.55 metres (182.3 ft) (171 pied)
Beam: 14.3 metres (47 ft) (44 pied)
Depth: 7 metres (23 ft) (21.6 pied)
Propulsion: Sail
Complement: 750 men
Armament:
Armour: Timber

Sceptre was a 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

In 1781 and 1782, she took part in the naval operations in the American Revolutionary War, under Admiral de Grasse. She fought at the Battle of the Chesapeake and at the Battle of the Saintes. In August, Sceptre, Astrée, and Engageante, under La Pérouse, raided several English fur trading posts during the Hudson Bay Expedition, including Fort Prince of Wales. In 1783, she was decommissioned in Brest.

On 29 September 1792, she was renamed Convention. She took part in the battle of the Glorious First of June in 1794, engaging HMS Caesar and Bellerophon. She later took part in the Croisière du Grand Hiver winter campaign of 1794-1795, the Expédition d'Irlande of December 1796, and the Bruix' expedition of 1799.

In August 1800, she was renamed Marengo, and was condemned in 1802. She was used as a prison hulk in Brest before being broken up in 1811.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deschênes, Ronald (2013). "Répertoire de vaisseau de ligne français de 1781 à 1815". Association de Généalogie d'Haïti. Retrieved 5 April 2013.  (French)