Friendship Award (China)

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2010 award medal

The Friendship Award (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gòngguó You Jiǎng; literally: "The People's Republic of China Friendship Award") is the People's Republic of China's highest award for "foreign experts who have made outstanding contributions to the country's economic and social progress".[1] The award was first established in 1950s, when it was awarded to experts from the former Soviet Union and East European countries by the then premier Zhou Enlai and the foreign minister Chen Yi.[2] On September 15, 1955, the Chinese government decreed that each departing Soviet expert be issued a medal.[3] This medal featured the flags of China and the Soviet Union along with the inscription "Long live the Sino-Soviet Friendship" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōng You Wànsuì).[3] This friendship award was abolished with the Sino-Soviet split in the early 1960s. During the period that followed, in particular the Cultural Revolution, foreigners in China were often regarded as "spies" and very few remained in the country.[3] After the reopening of China, a new Friendship Award was reintroduced in 1991.[4] Since then, the winners have been selected by the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) under the State Council.[5] The award is conferred as part of the celebrations for the National Day of the People's Republic of China (October 1).[2] The award consist of a medal and an award certificate. The medal is decorated with a picture of the Great Wall on the obverse along with the inscription "Friendship Award" in Chinese ("友谊奖", on the top) and in English (on the bottom). Besides the national friendship award, various local foreign expert awards are also being made at the provincial, regional, and municipal levels.[2]

Laureates[edit]

2010 award certificate

List of selected laureates:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Foreign Experts Given China Friendship Award - State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs, September 28, 2008
  2. ^ a b c Friendship Award, State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (official website, in Chinese)
  3. ^ a b c Evolution of the Friendship Award, China Weekly, November 30, 2009 (in Chinese)
  4. ^ a b Friendship Award awards friends, People's Daily Online, September 30, 2004
  5. ^ Foreign experts winning "Friendship Award" honored. People's Daily Online, September 29, 2004
  6. ^ Chinese government bestows top awards on foreign experts. auf: english.people.com.cn
  7. ^ Hamburger Meeresforscher erhält Freundschaftspreis der VR China, press release of ZMAW Hamburg dated September 27, 2008, retrieved October 7, 2009
  8. ^ http://www.magd.ox.ac.uk/nested_content/listings/archived-news/news/awards-for-professor-colin-blakemore
  9. ^ [1], press release of the National German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
  10. ^ Storm of Praise for Wind Expert China Daily European Weekly 08/23/2013 page29
  11. ^ American epidemiologist wins China's Friendship Award, People's Daily Online vom 11. Oktober 2007, retrieved 7. October 2009
  12. ^ Eugene Kaspersky receives National Friendship Award of China, press notice by Kaspersky Lab, 30. September 2009, retrieved 7. October 2009
  13. ^ ILC press release - dated October 11, 2012
  14. ^ Verleihung des China National Friendship Award an Prof. Reinhart Kühne, Press release of DLR-Transportation Studies of October 1, 2007, retrieved October 7, 2009
  15. ^ "Friendship Award” 2011 Recipient: Jeffrey S. Lehman, retrieved October 29, 2011
  16. ^ a b c Chinas höchste Auszeichnung für ausländische Staatsbürger 'Friendship Award' an Forscher der Uni Hohenheim, news release by Informationsdienst Wissenschaft dated September 29, 2004, retrieved October 7, 2009
  17. ^ Professor Mueller Awarded the 2010 National Friendship Award - Shandong University News Release (in Chinese)
  18. ^ IESE Prof. Pedro Nueno Receives China's "Friendship Award," the Highest Honor Given to a Foreigner, press release by IESE dated September 18, 2009, retrieved October 7, 2009
  19. ^ [2] Chinadaily.com
  20. ^ [3] Oltner Tagblatt
  21. ^ Airaldo Piva, è l'italiano premiato National Friendship Award of China, press release by HG Europe s.r.l. of September 24, 2010
  22. ^ all'italiano Piva il 'National Friendship Award of China', press notice by Il Sole 24 Ore Radiocor of September 28, 2010
  23. ^ Verleihung des China National Friendship Award 2008 an Prof. Dr. L. Reh, news release of ETH Alumni date December 3, 2008, retrieved October 7, 2009
  24. ^ 'Friendship Award' der Volksrepublik China an Professor Cetin Segonca, in: Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg, Volume 72/Number 4, August 1999, p. 111, ISSN 1436-5693