Fructuoso Rivera

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Fructuoso Rivera
Fructuoso Rivera.jpg
1st President of Uruguay
In office
November 6, 1830 – October 24, 1834
Preceded by Luis Eduardo Pérez
Succeeded by Carlos Anaya
Personal details
Born (1784-10-17)October 17, 1784
Durazno, Uruguay
Died January 13, 1854(1854-01-13) (aged 69)
Melo, Uruguay
Nationality Uruguayan
Political party Colorado Party
Profession Military

José Fructuoso Rivera y Toscana (October 17, 1784 – January 13, 1854) was an Uruguayan general and patriot who assisted in the efforts to force Brazilians out of the Banda Oriental.

Founder of Colorado Party and President of Uruguay[edit]

He founded the Colorado political tradition. He served as the first President of Uruguay from 6 November 1830 to 24 October 1834.

Varied reputation[edit]

Rivera's brilliance as a military figure is widely recognized, though his two presidencies (1830-1834 and 1839-1843) were characterized by ineptness and neglect. He was responsible for the Salsipuedes Genocide in 1831.

Later legacy[edit]

His later legacy in Uruguayan political history, and more particularly among members of the Colorado Party, lies somewhat in symbolizing strong personal leadership. A 'Riverista' tendency (among others, represented by Jorge Pacheco Areco and the Bordaberry family) in the Colorado Party has long existed as a counterpoint to the 'Batllista' and other sectors.

See also[edit]

Preceded by
Luis Eduardo Pérez (interim)
President of Uruguay
1830 – 1834
Succeeded by
Carlos Anaya
Preceded by
Gabriel Antonio Pereira
President of Uruguay
1838 – 1839
Succeeded by
Gabriel Antonio Pereira
Preceded by
Gabriel Antonio Pereira
President of Uruguay
1839 – 1843
Succeeded by
Joaquín Suárez de Rondelo