President of Uruguay
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
the Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Coat of arms of Uruguay
|Residence||Residencia de Suarez|
|Term length||Five years, not renewable immediately|
|Inaugural holder||Fructuoso Rivera|
|Formation||6 November 1830|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (Spanish: Presidente de la República Oriental del Uruguay) is the head of state of Uruguay. His or her rights are determined in the Constitution of Uruguay. Conforms with the Secretariat of the Presidency, the Council of Ministers and the Director of the Office of Planning and Budget, the executive branch. In case of absence, his office is exercised by the Vice President. In turn, the President of the Republic is the Commander in Chief of the Armed forces.
According to the current Constitution, the President and Vice President are elected by direct popular election. The President has a term of five years without immediate reelection until after the same period after the cessation of office. They are elected on a single candidate submitted by the party. In case no candidate obtains an absolute majority of votes (50.1%), a runoff is held between the two first majorities. In this case, the candidate who obtains the majority, wins the election.
According to Article 168 of the Constitution, the President, acting with the respective minister or ministers, or the Council of Ministers, includes, is assigned:
- The preservation of order and tranquility within and security without.
- The command of all armed forces.
- The promulgation of all laws, issuing special regulations necessary for its implementation.
- The delivery, to the General Assembly of Uruguay at the opening of regular sessions, the state of the Republic address.
- The right to veto laws it dislikes.
- The right to propose bills or amendments to laws previously enacted.
- The dismissal of public employees for misfeasance, malfeasance or nonfeasance.
- Management of diplomatic relations and, with consent of the legislature, the right to declare war.
- The right to declare a state of emergency when needed.
- The preparation of the state budget.
- Negotiation of treaties with the ratification of the legislature.
Since 1990, the President's term has begun and ended on March 1. The current President is José Mujica.
|Party or coalition
|First round (General election)||Second round
Luis Alberto Lacalle Pou
|Partido Ecologista Radical Intransigente
|Source: Corte Electoral, Buenos Aires Herald|