|Gabriel Terra in 1913.|
|President of Uruguay|
|Born||August 1, 1873
|Died||September 15, 1942
|Political party||Colorado Party|
|Spouse(s)||María Marcelina Ilarraz Miranda|
|Alma mater||Universidad de la República|
Dr. Gabriel Terra Leivas (August 1, 1873 – September 15, 1942) was the President of Uruguay from 1931 to 1938.
He began his career as a member of the Colorado Party under his predecessor as president, José Batlle y Ordóñez in a number of government roles. From 1925 he was the minister for Industry and Employment.
President of Uruguay
After being selected to lead the country by the congress in 1930, he came to power in 1931. He suspended the congress in 1933, and disbanded the National Council of Administration, special body set up in 1919 to provide checks and balances. This was soon followed by the total abolition of the constitution, and the merger of state powers with the presidency. He produced a new constitution in 1934 and he put himself up for election, and was elected under a shroud of suspicion.
Terra predominantly ruled harshly and by diktat, put in jail university professionals, or isolated them on an island, “Isla de Flores” his political opponents, but continuing most of the socialist reforms begun by his predecessor. He brutally suppressed a revolt against him in 1935. Particularly after 1933, Terra was tellingly closer politically to his nominal National Party (Uruguay) opponent Dr. Luis Alberto de Herrera than he was to many of his Colorado Party (Uruguay) colleagues.
Terra's interior minister was Alberto Demichelli, who much later was himself to become President of Uruguay as an interim measure in 1976. Demichelli's wife, Sofía Álvarez Vignoli de Demicheli, was noted for her diplomatic activity during Terra's Presidency.
Terra was noted for bringing into his government former opposition figures such as Martín Echegoyen, who himself later became President of Uruguay and, like Alberto Demicheli subsequently participated prominently in the civilian-military rule which took office under Juan María Bordaberry after 1973.
He broke off relations with the USSR and the Spanish Republic, while he met Roosevelt and Britain regarding his debts to them. Later he made a close friendship with Hitler and Mussolini who lent him a loan with no return to construct the “Rincón del Bonete Hydro Dam and Power Plant”.
- 'Horacio Terra Arocena' Wikipedia (in Spanish), es:Horacio Terra Arocena,
- es:Luis Alberto de Herrera#Participación en el golpe de Estado de Gabriel Terra
- Escuadrilla de Alta Acrobacia de Italia en Uruguay on YouTube
- Avión Breda "Leonardo Da Vinci" Aviación Civil Uruguaya. on YouTube
- (photo:) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/Terra1913.jpg
|President of Uruguay