Fuji T-1

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T-1
T-1B.JPG
T-1B in special paint scheme
Role Intermediate trainer aircraft
Manufacturer Fuji Heavy Industries
Number built 66
T1B KAB003.jpg

The Fuji T-1 was Japan's first jet-powered trainer aircraft. The first flight was in January 1958. A total of 66 T-1 planes were built.[1] It was retired in March 2006.[citation needed]

Design and development[edit]

The T-1 was the first indigenously designed Japanese jet aircraft to be developed since World War II. The T-1A was powered by the British-designed Bristol Siddeley Orpheus turbojet,[2] while the T-1B used the Ishikawajima-Harima J3 turbojet.[3] Fuji was the successor to the Nakajima Aircraft Company (famous for building several aircraft during WW2). The first aircraft of Fuji's own design was the T-1 jet trainer. [4][5]

Variants[edit]

Data from: Simpson 2001, p. 246

  • T1F1 : Prototype.
  • T-1A (T1F1) : Powered by a 17.79 kN (4,000 lbf) Bristol Siddeley Orpheus Mk 805 turbojet engine. The original designation was T1F2. 46 built.
  • T-1B (T1F2) : Powered by an 11.77 kN (2,645 lbf) Ishikawajima-Harima J3-IHI-3 turbojet engine. 20 built.
  • T-1C : Converted to 13.72 kN (3,085 lbf) Ishikawajima-Harima J3-IHI-7 engines.

Operators[edit]

 Japan

Specifications (T-1A)[edit]

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965-66[6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 12.12 m (39 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.50 m (34 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 22.22 m2 (239.2 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 4.96:1
  • Airfoil: K-561/K-569
  • Empty weight: 2,420 kg (5,335 lb)
  • Gross weight: 4,150 kg (9,149 lb) clean
  • Max takeoff weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb) (with external tanks)
  • Fuel capacity: 1,400 L (308 Imp Gallons)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Siddeley Orpheus Mk 805 turbojet, 18 kN (4,000 lbf) thrust

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 925 km/h (575 mph; 499 kn) at 6,100 m (20,000 ft)
  • Cruising speed: 620 km/h (385 mph; 335 kn) at 9,150 m (30,000 ft)
  • Range: 1,300 km (808 mi; 702 nmi) (internal fuel)
  • Ferry range: 1,950 km (1,212 mi; 1,053 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 14,400 m (47,244 ft) [7]
  • Rate of climb: 33 m/s (6,500 ft/min)

Armament

  • Guns: Provision for 1 × 12.7 mm Browning M53-2 machine gun in nose
  • Hardpoints: 2 with provisions to carry combinations of:
    • Missiles: 2 × AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles
    • Bombs: 2 × 340 kg (750 lb) bombs
    • Other: 2 × 455 L (100 Imp Gallon) drop tanks

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Simpson 2001, p.246
  2. ^ FUJI T-1 at faqs.org
  3. ^ Odagiri, Hiroyuki (1996). Technology and Industrial Development in Japan. Clarendon Press, Oxford. p. 224. ISBN 0-19-828802-6. 
  4. ^ Archives at Flightglobal.com
  5. ^ International, Flight (1962). Flight International. Delaney Gallay, LTD. 
  6. ^ Taylor 1965, p. 103.
  7. ^ Donald and Lake 1996, p.175.
Bibliography
  • Donald, David and Jon Lake. Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft. London:Aerospace Publishing, 1996, Single Volume Edition. ISBN 1-874023-95-6.
  • Simpson, Rod (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 9781840371154. 
  • Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1965-66. London:Sampson Low, Marston, 1965.

External links[edit]

Media related to Fuji T-1 at Wikimedia Commons