Gaecheonjeol

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For the Japanese holiday, see National Foundation Day.
Gaecheonjeol
Official name Gaecheonjeol
Also called National Foundation Day
Observed by South Koreans
Type National
Significance Celebrates the founding of the state of Gojoseon
Date 3 October
Next time 3 October 2015 (2015-10-03)
Gaecheonjeol
Hangul 개천절
Hanja
Revised Romanization Gaecheonjeol
McCune–Reischauer Kaech'ǒnjǒl

Gaecheonjeol (Korean: 개천절, hanja: 開天節) is a public holiday in South Korea on 3 October. Also known by the English name National Foundation Day, this holiday celebrates the creation of the state of Gojoseon (ancient Korea) founded by Dangun Wanggeom in the year 2333 BC. Gaecheonjeol is also recognized in North Korea, although not as a public holiday, with an annual ceremony at the Mausoleum of Tangun.

Origin[edit]

Gaecheon ("Opening of Heaven") refers to 3 October 2457 BCE, the date when Hwanung (환웅) descended from heaven to live with mankind.[1]

The harvest ceremony was celebrated in the Korean realms; Yeonggo (영고) of Buyeo; Mucheon (무천) of Yemaek; Gyeeum (계음) of Mahan and Byeonhan; Dongmaeng (동맹) of Goguryeo; and Palgwanheoi (팔관회) of Silla.

In 1909, Gaecheonjeol was enacted as a national holiday.[2] At first, the holiday was observed on the third day of the 10th month on the lunar calendar, but it has been fixed on 3 October of the solar Gregorian calendar since 1949.

See also[edit]

References[edit]