Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
|Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
|Government in exile|
"Hurrah for Korea Independence"
|Capital||Seoul (de jure)|
|Historical era||Early 20th century|
|-||Nationwide civil resistance||1 March 1919|
|-||Constitution||11 April 1919|
|-||Government proclaimed||13 April 1919|
|-||Hongkou Park Incident||29 April 1932|
|-||War declared||10 December 1941|
|-||Surrender of the Empire of Japan||15 August 1945|
|-||Republic of Korea established||15 August 1948|
|Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea|
|Revised Romanization||Daehanmin(-)guk Imsijeongbu|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Korea|
|Semi-historical period||2333–800 BC|
|Tribal state period||800–194 BC|
|Wiman Joseon||194–108 BC|
|Goguryeo||37 BC–668 AD|
|Baekje||18 BC–660 AD|
|Silla||57 BC–935 AD|
|North and South States|
|Later Three Kingdoms|
|Silla||57 BC–935 AD|
|Unitary dynastic period|
|Division of Korea|
The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was a partially recognized Korean government-in-exile, based in Shanghai, China, and later in Chongqing (then spelt Chungking), during the Japanese Korean period.
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The government did not gain formal recognition from world powers, though a modest form of recognition was given from the Nationalist Government of China and a number of other governments, most of whom were in exile themselves.
The government resisted the colonial rule of Korea that lasted from 1910 to 1945. They coordinated the armed resistance against the Japanese imperial army during the 1920s and 1930s, including the Battle of Chingshanli in October 1920 and the assault on Japanese military leadership in Shanghai in April 1932.
This struggle culminated in the formation of Korean Liberation Army in 1940, bringing together many if not all Korean resistance groups in exile. The government duly declared war against the Axis powers Japan and Germany on December 9, 1941, and the Liberation Army took part in allied action in China and parts of Southeast Asia.
During World War II, the Korean Liberation Army was preparing an assault against the Imperial Japanese forces in Korea in conjunction with American Office of Strategic Services, but the Japanese surrender prevented the execution of the plan. The government's goal was achieved with Japanese surrender on September 2, 1945.
List of presidents
- Syngman Rhee (September 11, 1919 - March 21, 1925) - Impeached by the provisional assembly
- Park Eun-sik (March 24, 1925 – September 1925)
- Yi Yu-pil (September 1925)-Acting
- Yi Sang-ryong (September 1925 – January 1926)
- Yang Gi-tak (January 1926 - April 29, 1926)
- Yi Dongnyeong (April 29, 1926 – May 3, 1926)
- Ahn Chang-ho (May 3, 1926 - May 16, 1926)
- Yi Dong-nyeong (May 16, 1926 - July 7, 1926)
- Hong Jin (July 7, 1926 – December 14, 1926)
- Kim Koo (December 14, 1926 – August 1927)
- Yi Dongnyeong (August 1927 – June 24, 1933)
- Song Byeong-jo (June 24, 1933 - October 1933)
- Yi Dongnyeong (October 1933 - March 13, 1940) - Died in office
- Kim Koo (1940 - March 1947)
- Syngman Rhee (March 1947 - August 15, 1948) - Became the first president of South Korea, from July 24, 1948 to April 26, 1960
The museum in Chongqing, China.