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Gasteria pillansii var pillansii 1.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Genus: Gasteria

Ptyas Salisb.

Gasteria brachyphylla (Salm-Dyck) Van Jaarsv.

Gasteria is a genus of succulent plants native to Namibia and South Africa.[1] Closely related genera include Aloe and Haworthia. The genus is named for its stomach-shaped flowers and is part of the family Xanthorrhoeaceae, subfamily Asphodeloideae.[2] Common names include cow-tongue cactus, lawyer's tongue, mother-in-law's tongue, ox-tongue.[3]


Gasteria species are grown in well-drained, sandy soils in light shade. Germination usually occurs within 8 days but may take as long as one month depending on the species.[4]

Gasteria pillansii, showing the stomach-shaped flowers
Gasteria batesiana
  1. Gasteria acinacifolia (J.Jacq.) Haw. - Cape Province
  2. Gasteria batesiana G.D.Rowley - Northern Province, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal
  3. Gasteria baylissiana Rauh - Suurberg Range in Cape Province
  4. Gasteria brachyphylla (Salm-Dyck) van Jaarsv. - Little Karoo in Cape Province
  5. Gasteria carinata (Mill.) Duval - Cape Province
  6. Gasteria croucheri (Hook.f.) Baker - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  7. Gasteria disticha (L.) Haw. - Cape Province
  8. Gasteria dorineae van Jaarsv. & A.E.van Wyk - Cape Province
  9. Gasteria ellaphieae van Jaarsv. - Konga Dam in Cape Province
  10. Gasteria excelsa Baker - Cape Province
  11. Gasteria glauca van Jaarsv - Cape Province
  12. Gasteria glomerata van Jaarsv. - Konga Dam in Cape Province
  13. Gasteria nitida (Salm-Dyck) Haw. - Cape Province
  14. Gasteria obliqua (Aiton) Duval - Cape Province; naturalized in central + southern Mexico
  15. Gasteria pillansii Kensit - Namibia, Cape Province
  16. Gasteria polita van Jaarsv. - Cape Province
  17. Gasteria pulchra (Aiton) Haw. - Cape Province
  18. Gasteria rawlinsonii Oberm. - Baviaanskloof in Cape Province
  19. Gasteria tukhelensis van Jaarsv. - KwaZulu-Natal
  20. Gasteria vlokii van Jaarsv. - Great Swartberg + Witteberg in Cape Province

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Asphodeloideae  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  4. ^ Gasteria