George Haven Putnam
George Haven Putnam A.M., Litt.D. (April 2, 1844 – February 27, 1930) was an American soldier, publisher, and author. He married classical scholar Emily James Smith Putnam. He was the father of medieval historian Bertha Haven Putnam, and wind power pioneer Palmer Cosslett Putnam.
The eldest son of publisher George Palmer Putnam and Victorine Haven Putnam, he was born in London, UK where his father had been living since 1841 while establishing a branch office for his New York City publishing company, Wiley & Putnam. In 1848 the family returned to the United States, settling at Stapleton, New York, on Staten Island. Haven's early instruction was at home by his mother and nurse. He was prepared for college, first, by the Rev. Dr. Stephen H. Tyng, who had a class of boys at St. George's Church, of which Dr. Tyng was rector and his son, Stephen H. Tyng, Jr., instructor of a company of cadets. Haven next entered Starr's Military Academy, Yonkers, New York. In 1857 he attended Prof. John MacMullen's school in upper New York and the Columbia Grammar School conducted by Dr. Anthon after 1859.
He matriculated at Columbia College in 1861, but the condition of his eyes led his father to send him abroad to consult oculists in Paris and Berlin. In Berlin, Putnam placed himself under the care of Baron von Graefe, then the leading oculist of Europe. As his sight improved, he attended courses of lectures at the Sorbonne, Paris, devoted to French literature and the literature and history of Rome. At the advice of Baron von Graefe, he discontinued lectures after reaching Berlin and sought open-air environments as necessary to complete his treatment. He visited Bayard Taylor at Gotha and en route visited the galleries at Dresden, tramped through Saxony, Switzerland, studied Bohemian life at Prague, passed through the Black Forest region, saw the toymakers of Nuremberg, continued the tramp through the pleasant region of the Thüringerwald and finally reached Göttingen, where he took up his studies at the University of Göttingen. However, with the outbreak of the American Civil War he left the university without graduating to return home to serve in the Union Army.
Captured after the Battle of Cedar Creek near Middletown, Virginia, George H. Putnam was held for a short time at the notorious Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia before being transferred to Danville where he was held until March 1865 when he was returned to the Union forces as part of a prisoner exchange. He attained the rank of major of volunteers. At the war's end, Major Putnam joined his father's publishing business, "G. Putnam Broadway." He was also appointed deputy collector of internal revenue. Years later, following the 1911 marking of the 50th anniversary of the outbreak of the war, in 1912 George H. Putnam published an account of his experiences titled "A Prisoner of War in Virginia - An Experience in Virginia Prisons During the Last Winter of the War."
On his father's death in 1872, George H. Putnam and his brothers John Bishop Putnam and Irving took over the business, renaming it G. P. Putnam's Sons. George H. Putnam would be made president of the firm, a position he held for the next fifty-two years. In 1884, Putnam hired the then twenty-six-year old Theodore Roosevelt as a special partner who in the ensuing years would write several works published by Putnam.
Like his father, George H. Putnam was active in numerous civic, social, and business causes. He served on the executive committees of the Civil-service reform association, the Free-trade league and the Reform club. He also aggressively continued with his father's work on copyright protection for authors. In 1887, he helped organize the American Publishers' Copyright League that led a successful campaign resulting in the 1891 passage of an international copyright protection law.
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Among Putnam's writings are scholarly and historical publications, but he also wrote children's books such as The Artificial Mother (1894) and The Little Gingerbread Man (1910). Other published works:
- Authors and Publishers (1882) (co-authored with brother, John Bishop Putnam)
- Anecdotes of Luther and the Reformation (1883)
- Books and Their Makers during the Middle Ages (2 vol. – 1896 & 1897)
- Washington Irving, his life and work (1903)
- Censorship of the Church of Rome and Its Influence Upon the Production and Distribution of Literature, Part 1 (1906)
- Abraham Lincoln (1909) (Project Gutenberg)
- A Prisoner of War in Virginia (1912)
- Memories of My Youth (1914)
- Memories of a Publisher (1915)
- Some Memories of the Civil War (1924)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Putnam, George Haven". The Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1918.
- "Putnam, George Haven". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.
- John Fiske (1900). "Putnam, Israel". In Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. George Haven Putnam is discussed toward the end of this article.
- "Mr. Putman's Loving Cup". The New York Times. May 6, 1899.
- Abraham Lincoln by George Haven Putnam at Project Gutenberg