George II of Kakheti
George II (Georgian: გიორგი II, Giorgi II) also known as George "the Bad," "the Mad" or "the Evil" (Av-Giorgi, ავგიორგი) (1464 – 1513), of the Bagrationi Dynasty, was a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1511 to 1513.
He was the eldest son of King Alexander I of Kakheti by his wife Queen Ana. He is reported by the Georgian chronicles to have been extremely grasping and ambitious and to have had frequent conflicts with his peace-loving father, insisting that Alexander made war upon the rival Bagrationi branch presiding over Kakheti’s western neighbor, the Kingdom of Kartli. Also, he was suspicious of his younger brother, Demetre, whom Alexander had entrusted an important diplomatic mission to Shah of Iran, Ismail I.
On April 27, 1511, George murdered Alexander, had Demetre blinded, and seized the crown. Immediately after his accession to the throne, George II organized an expedition against Kartli, and attempted to depose King David X. David’s brother, Bagrat I, Prince of Mukhrani, who led the successful defense of the kingdom, was rewarded with the castle of Mukhrani, thus founding a long-lasting branch of Bagration-Mukhraneli. In 1513, George II made another incursion into Kartli, but was again defeated and ambushed by Bagrat’s men on his route back to Kakheti. George was put in the Mtveri castle where he soon died. Kakheti was briefly annexed to Kartli.
George was survived by his wife, Elene née Irubakidze-Cholokashvili (died 1532), and three children:
- Leon of Kakheti (1503–1574)
- Princess Khvaramze (died 1528), who married Vakhtang, brother of King Bagrat III of Imereti
- Princess Mariam (died 1555)
- Mikaberidze, Alexander (2007). Giorgi II (Kakheti). Dictionary of Georgian National Biography. Accessed October 5, 2007.
- (Russian) Вахушти Багратиони (Vakhushti Bagrationi) (1745). История царства грузинского. Возникновение и жизнь Кахети и Эрети. Ч.1. Accessed October 5, 2007.
|King of Kakheti
Kakheti annexed by David X of Kartli