SM U-17 (Germany)
U-17 (second row, second from the right), Kiel Harbour, February 1914
|Ordered:||10 May 1910|
|Builder:||Kaiserliche Werft Danzig|
|Laid down:||1 October 1910|
|Launched:||16 April 1912|
|Commissioned:||3 November 1912|
|Struck:||27 January 1919|
|Fate:||Struck 27 January 1919, scrapped at Imperial Dockyard, Kiel. Pressure hull sold to Stinnes, Hamburg on 3 February 1920.|
|Class & type:||German Type U 17 submarine|
|Displacement:||564 t (622 short tons) surfaced
691 t (762 short tons) submerged
|Length:||62.35 m (204 ft 7 in)|
|Beam:||6 m (19 ft 8 in)|
|Height:||7.30 m (23 ft 11 in)|
|Draught:||3.40 m (11 ft 2 in)|
2 × 2 Körting 8-cylinder two stroke paraffin motors with 1,400 PS (1,400 hp)
2 × AEG electric motors with 1,120 PS (1,100 hp)
550 rpm surfaced
425 rpm submerged
|Speed:||14.9 knots (27.6 km/h; 17.1 mph) surfaced
9.5 knots (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph) submerged
|Range:||6,700 nautical miles (7,700 mi; 12,400 km) at 8 kn surfaced
75 nautical miles (86 mi; 139 km) at 5 kn submerged
|Test depth:||50 m (164 ft 1 in)|
|Boats & landing
|Complement:||4 officers, 25 men|
|Armament:||4 x 45 cm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes (2 each bow and stern) with 6 torpedoes
1 × 5 cm (2.0 in) SK L/40 gun
1 x 3.7 cm (1.5 in) Hotchkiss gun
|Part of:||Imperial German Navy Baltic Flotilla,
|Commanders:||Johannes Feldkirchener 1 August 1914 – 7 March 1915,
Hans Walther 8 March 1915 – 9 January 1916
|Victories:||12 ships sunk for a total of 16,550 GRT; 1 ship captured for a total of 3,538 GRT.|
SM U-17 was a German submarine during World War I. U-17 sank the first British merchant vessel in the First World War, and also sank another nine ships and captured one ship, surviving the war without casualty.
On 1 August 1914, Oberleutnant zur See Johannes Feldkirchener was given command of U-17. On 20 October, U-17 stopped the 866 ton SS Glitra off the Norwegian coast, and having searched her cargo, ordered the crew to the lifeboats before scuttling the vessel. On 26 October, U-17 torpedoed the French ferry SS Admiral Ganteaume in the Strait of Dover. The vessel made port before sinking, with the loss of 40 lives out of over 2,500 on board.
On 2 March 1915 the command of U-17 passed to Kapitänleutnant Hans Walther. On 12 June 1915, U-17 chased and torpedoed the SS Desabla off the coast of Scotland. The crew escaped on lifeboats while the vessel was scuttled and sunk. Walther's command ended on 9 January 1916 and the next day U-17 joined the Training Flotilla.
U-17 was decommissioned on 27 January 1919 and sold for scrapping.
- Spindler, Arno (1932,1933,1934,1941/1964,1966). Der Handelskrieg mit U-Booten. 5 Vols. Berlin: Mittler & Sohn. Vols. 4+5, dealing with 1917+18, are very hard to find: Guildhall Library, London, has them all, also Vol. 1-3 in an English translation: The submarine war against commerce.
- Beesly, Patrick (1982). Room 40: British Naval Intelligence 1914-1918. London: H Hamilton. ISBN 978-0-241-10864-2.
- Halpern, Paul G. (1917). A Naval History of World War I. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-85728-498-0.
- Roessler, Eberhard (1997). Die Unterseeboote der Kaiserlichen Marine. Bonn: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 978-3-7637-5963-7.
- Schroeder, Joachim (2002). Die U-Boote des Kaisers. Bonn: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 978-3-7637-6235-4.
- Koerver, Hans Joachim (2008). Room 40: German Naval Warfare 1914-1918. Vol I., The Fleet in Action. Steinbach: LIS Reinisch. ISBN 978-3-902433-76-3.
- Koerver, Hans Joachim (2009). Room 40: German Naval Warfare 1914-1918. Vol II., The Fleet in Being. Steinbach: LIS Reinisch. ISBN 978-3-902433-77-0.
- Photo of U-17.
- Photos of cruises of German submarine U-54 in 1916-1918. Great photo quality, comments in German.
- A 44 min. film from 1917 about a cruise of the German submarine U-35. A German propaganda film without dead or wounded; many details about submarine warfare in World War I.
- Uboat.net: More detailed information about U-17.
- Room 40: original documents, photos and maps about World War I German submarine warfare and British Room 40 Intelligence from The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, UK.