German cruiser Nürnberg
|Laid down:||November 1933|
|Fate:||Surrendered 1945. Assigned as a war prize to the Soviet Navy|
|Name:||Admiral Makarov (Адмирал Макаров)|
|Commissioned:||5 November 1945|
|Renamed:||5 January 1946|
|Reclassified:||Training cruiser, February 1957|
|Length:||181.3 m (594 ft 10 in)|
|Beam:||16.3 m (53 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||5.74 m (18 ft 10 in)|
|Propulsion:||Steam turbines and Diesel
3 shafts (Diesel on center shaft)
66,000 shp (45 MW) turbines + 12,400 hp (9.3 MW) diesel
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Range:||5,700 nautical miles (10,600 km) at 19 knots (35 km/h)|
|• FuMO 63 Hohentwiel K|
|Armament:||3x3 15 cm/60 (5.9") SK C/25
6× 8.8 cm/76 (3.46") SK C/32
8× 3.7 cm/L83 (1.5") SK C/30
8× 2 cm/65 (0.79") C/30
12× 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes
|Aircraft carried:||2 × Arado 196 floatplanes|
|Part of:||Twice Red Banner Baltic Fleet|
Nürnberg, was a German light cruiser of the Leipzig class named after the city of Nuremberg. Some sources consider the Leipzig and Nürnberg to be of separate, single ship, classes. After World War II, Nürnberg was transferred to the Soviet Union and renamed Admiral Makarov after the Russian admiral Stepan Makarov.
Nürnberg was 181.3 meters (595 ft) long overall and had a beam of 16.3 m (53 ft) and a maximum draft of 5.74 m (18.8 ft) forward. She displaced 9,040 metric tons (8,900 long tons; 9,960 short tons) at full combat load. Her propulsion system consisted of two steam turbines and four of 7-cylinder two-stroke diesel engines. Steam for the turbines was provided by six Marine-type double-ended oil-fired boilers. The ship's propulsion system provided a top speed of 32 kn (59 km/h; 37 mph) and a range of approximately 3,900 nautical miles (7,200 km; 4,500 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) using only the diesel engines. Nürnberg had a crew of 25 officers and 648 enlisted men.
The ship was armed with nine 15 cm SK C/25 guns mounted in three triple gun turrets. One was located forward, and two were placed in a superfiring pair aft, all on the centerline. They were supplied with between 1,080 and 1,500 rounds of ammunition, for between 120 and 166 shells per gun. The ship was also equipped with eight 8.8 cm SK C/32 anti-aircraft guns, eight 3.7 cm SK C/30 anti-aircraft guns, and several 2 cm anti-aircraft guns, though the number of the latter changed over her career. Nürnberg also carried four triple torpedo tube mounts located amidships; they were supplied with twenty-four 50 cm (20 in) torpedoes. She was also capable of carrying 120 naval mines. The ship was protected by an armored deck that was 30 mm (1.2 in) thick amidships and an armored belt that was 50 mm (2.0 in) thick. The conning tower had 100 mm (3.9 in) thick sides.
Service history 
While covering minelaying operations off the British North Sea coast, the ship was torpedoed during the night of 12 December/13 December 1939 by HMS Salmon - as was her older (and smaller) sistership Leipzig. She was under repair until May 1940, and so missed the Norwegian Campaign. From July 1940 through January 1945, Nürnberg served either in and off Norway or in German home waters. At the end of the war the ship was surrendered in Copenhagen.
Assigned as a war prize to the Soviet Navy, she was entered on the Soviet navy records on 5 November 1945 and assigned to the Baltic Fleet. In January 1946, she and five other formerly German ships - the destroyer Erich Steinbrinck, torpedo boats T33 and T107, dispatch vessel Blitz and the target ship Hessen, a disarmed World War I battleship - sailed for Libau (Liepāja), then in the Latvian SSR. On arrival on 5 January 1946, Nürnberg was renamed Admiral Makarov (Адмирал Макаров) and classified as light cruiser. She then served as flagship of the 8th (Northern Baltic) fleet, based at Tallinn, until 1955. When the main boilers broke down on February 21, 1957, she was re-classified a training cruiser and based at Kronstadt and, on February 20, 1959, stricken from the navy records and scrapped.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nürnberg (ship, 1934)|
- Gröner, p. 122
- Gröner, p. 120
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