West German federal election, 1987

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German federal election, 1987
West Germany
1983 ←
25 January 1987 (1987-01-25)
→ 1990

All 519 seats in the Bundestag
260 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F074398-0021 Kohl (cropped).jpg Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F073494-0025, Bundespressekonferenz, Bundestagswahlkampf, Rau.jpg
Leader Helmut Kohl Johannes Rau
Party CDU/CSU SPD
Leader since 1973
Last election 255 seats 202 seats
Seats won 234 193
Seat change Decrease21 Decrease9
Popular vote 16,761,572 14,025,763
Percentage 44.2% 37.0%
Swing Decrease4.6% Decrease1.2%

  Third party Fourth party
  Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F052010-0020, Kiel, FDP-Bundesparteitag, Bangemann.jpg Petra Kelly.jpg
Leader Martin Bangemann Petra Kelly
Party FDP Green
Leader since 1985
Last election 35 seats 28 seats
Seats won 48 44
Seat change Increase13 Increase16
Popular vote 3,440,911 3,126,256
Percentage 9.1% 8.3%
Swing Increase2.2% Increase2.7%

West German Federal Election - Party list vote results by state - 1987.png

Party list election results by state: dark blue denotes states where CSU had the absolute majority of the votes; lighter blue denotes states where CDU had the plurality of votes; and pink denotes states where the SPD had the plurality of votes

Chancellor before election

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

Elected Chancellor

Helmut Kohl
CDU/CSU

German federal elections took place on 25 January 1987, to elect members to the 11th Bundestag, the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Germany
Foreign relations

Issues and Campaign[edit]

Johannes Rau, vice chairman of SPD, tried to become Chancellor. His campaign suffered from internal party quarrels and a lack of perspectives to build a majority coalition: in those days, the Greens were divided over the question of whether to take part in governments.

One of the major issues in this election was the environment, after the Chernobyl disaster and other accidents.

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 25 January 1987 German Bundestag election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Votes  % +/− Seats +/− Seats +/−  %
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 14,787,953 39.2 −1.2 79 +11 14,025,763 37.0 −1.2 107 −18 193 −9 37.2
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 14,168,527 37.5 −3.5 124 −12 13,045,745 34.4 −3.7 50 −5 185 −17 35.6
Christian Social Union (CSU) 3,859,244 10.2 −0.9 45 +1 3,715,827 9.8 −0.8 4 −5 49 −4 9.4
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 1,760,496 4.7 +1.9 0 ±0 3,440,911 9.1 +2.2 46 +12 48 +13 9.2
The Greens 2,649,459 7.0 +2.9 0 ±0 3,126,256 8.3 +2.7 42 +15 44 +16 8.5
National Democratic Party (NPD) 182,880 0.5 +0.4 0 ±0 227,054 0.6 +0.4 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP) 40,765 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 109,152 0.3 +0.3 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Women (FRAUEN) 62,904 0.2 +0.2 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Bavaria Party (BP) 8,024 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 26,367 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Responsible Citizens 611 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 24,630 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Patriots for Germany (Patrioten) 27,352 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 22,732 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Centre Party (ZENTRUM) 4,020 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 19,035 0.1 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Marxist–Leninist Party (MLPD) 596 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 13,422 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Christian Bavarian People's Party (CBV) 741 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 5,282 0.0 ±0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
All Social Insurants and Pensioners (ASD) 3,151 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 1,834 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Free German Workers' Party (FAP) 349 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 405 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Humanist Party (HP) 788 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
SOLIDARITÄT 754 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Independent Workers' Party (UAP) 352 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Family Party (Familie) 130 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Free Social Union (FSU) 110 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Electoral groups and independents 246,511 0.7 +0.6 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Invalid/blank votes 482,481 357,975
Totals 38,225,294 100 ±0.0 248 ±0 38,225,294 100 ±0.0 249 –1 519 −1 ±0
Registered voters/turnout 45,327,982 84.3 45,327,982 84.3
Source: Federal Returning Officer
^† — includes the non-voting delegates for West Berlin (11 CDU, 7 SPD, 2 FDP, 2 AL).
^‡ — known as Alternative Liste für Demokratie und Umweltschutz (AL) in West Berlin.


234 193 48 44
CDU/CSU SPD FDP Grüne
Popular Vote
CDU/CSU
  
44.26%
SPD
  
37.04%
F.D.P.
  
9.09%
GRÜNE
  
8.26%
Other
  
1.35%
Bundestag seats
CDU/CSU
  
44.87%
SPD
  
37.42%
F.D.P.
  
9.26%
GRÜNE
  
8.45%
Seat results – SPD in red, Greens in green, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black

Post-election[edit]

The coalition between the CDU/CSU and the FDP returned to government, with Helmut Kohl as Chancellor. The Greens came into parliament for the second time and seemed to be established on federal level.

Sources[edit]