German training ship Bremse

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For other ships of the same name, see Bremse (ship).
Career (Nazi Germany)
Class and type: Training ship
Name: Bremse
Laid down: 1931 by Reichsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven
Launched: June 14, 1932
Commissioned: July 7, 1933
Fate: Sunk on September 6, 1941 by British cruisers.
General characteristics
Class & type: Bremse
Displacement: 1,870 tons
Length: 345 ft (105 m)
Beam: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Draft: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Propulsion: MAN diesel engines, two shafts, 8 boilers, 28,400 shp (21.2 MW)
Speed: 29.1 knots (53.9 km/h)
Range: 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km)
Complement: 285
Armament: 4 × 12.7 cm SK C/34 naval guns, 4 × 3.7 cm SK C/30 AA guns, 8 × 2 cm FlaK 30, 250 EMC mines
Armor: 30mm belt, 25mm deck

Bremse was built as an artillery training ship (Artillerieschulschiff ) of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine with a secondary function as a testbed for new marine diesel engines later installed in German panzerschiffs. During World War II, she operated as an escort ship until her sinking in September 1941.

History[edit]

Bremse was commissioned on June 14, 1933 and attached to the artillery training school at Kiel, to replace older predecessors. In 1933 she underwent repairs and a complete refit; her mast was shortened to improve stability and her artillery director was removed.[1]

In 1939, the ship was used in the film Der letzte Apell as the British scout cruiser Amphion; two additional dummy funnels were added.[1]

Wartime career[edit]

During the Invasion of Poland in September 1939, Bremse escorted the auxiliary minelayers Tannenberg and Hansestadt Danzig and in October, she escorted troop transports in the Baltic. She then returned to the artillery school in Kiel until March 1940.[1]

In April 1940, during Operation Weserübung, Bremse participated in the attack on Bergen. She was shelled by Norwegian coastal artillery and hit by two 21 cm rounds; she was subsequently repaired in Stavanger. Later, on November 1 Bremse was accidentally rammed by the steamer Donau off Bergen, suffering minor damage.[1]

In June 1941, Bremse was sent back to Kiel for escort duty. On July 30 she was bombed by British Albacore torpedo bombers and Fulmar fighters from the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious but escaped unharmed.[1]

Sinking[edit]

On September 6, 1941, in Hammerfjord, while escorting the troop transports Trautenfels and Barcelona, Bremse was intercepted and attacked by the British cruisers HMS Nigeria and Aurora. Bremse was able to draw the cruisers away from the transports, so that they could escape, but she was sunk when rammed by Nigeria and cut in half.[2] (Some sources give an alternative outcome, reporting that the Nigeria was damaged by a mine and Bremse sunk by gunfire.[1]) 160 men, over half of her crew, died.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Emmerich, Michael (9 Nov 2004). "Bremse". German Naval History. Retrieved 24 Aug 2009. 
  2. ^ "Philip Vian". Royal Naval Museum Library. 2004. Retrieved 14 July 2008.