Giambattista Orsini

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For the Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller, see Giovanni Battista Orsini.
Coat of arms of Cardinal Giambattista Orsini.

Giambattista Orsini (died 1503) (also called Giovanni Battista Orsini or Jean-Baptiste des Ursins) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal.

Biography[edit]

Giambattista Orsini was born in Rome before 1450, the son of Lorenzo Orsini, signore of Monte Rotondo, and Clarice Orsini, sister of Cardinal Latino Orsini.[1]

Early in his career, he became a cleric of the Apostolic Camera.[1] He was next an Auditor of the Roman Rota.[1] He was a canon of St. Peter's Basilica.[1] Finally, he became a protonotary apostolic.[1]

In the consistory of November 15, 1483, Pope Sixtus IV made him a cardinal deacon and he received the deaconry of Santa Maria in Domnica.[1] He received the red hat on November 19, 1483.[1]

He participated in the papal conclave of 1484 that elected Pope Innocent VIII.[1] The new pope named Cardinal Orsini papal legate to the March of Ancona on September 22, 1484.[1]

In 1486, because of the conflict between the pope and the Orsini family, he traveled to Rome to attempt to effect a reconciliation, but left a short time later.[1]

In 1488 or 1489, he opted for the deaconry of Santa Maria Nova.[1]

On November 5, 1490, he became apostolic administrator of the metropolitan see of Taranto, holding this office until September 24, 1498.[1]

He participated in the papal conclave of 1492 that elected Pope Alexander VI.[1] On August 31, 1492, the new pope named him papal legate to the March of Ancona.[1]

On February 27, 1493, he opted for the order of cardinal priests and received the titular church of Santi Giovanni e Paolo.[1]

He was ordained as a priest in his titular church on March 12, 1493.[1]

When Charles VIII of France came to Rome on December 31, 1494 as part of the Italian Wars, Cardinal Orsini went with the pope to the Castel Sant'Angelo.[1] On January 21, 1495, he was elected Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.[1] On May 27, 1495, with a French army approaching Rome, Cardinal Orsini left with the pope for Orvieto.[1] He became archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore in September 1498.[1] On September 23, 1499, he left Rome for Milan as papal legate to the King of France; he returned on November 16.[1] In 1500, he was again papal legate to the March of Ancona, leaving on his legation on July 29, 1500.[1]

On July 12, 1502, he asked the pope for permission to visit the King of France in Milan; the pope did not agree, but he nevertheless left the next day, attending a meeting of the Orsini family at Lake Trasimeno to conspire against the pope's son, Cesare Borgia.[1] Cardinal Orsini was soon thereafter arrested on the pope's orders and flung into the Castel Sant'Angelo.[1] He died there twelve days later, on February 22, 1503, probably poisoned on the orders of the pope or Cesare Borgia.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Biography from the Biographical Dictionary of the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church