Gilles Bernheim

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Gilles Bernheim
Bernheim.JPG
Born Gilles Uriel Bernheim
(1952-05-30) 30 May 1952 (age 62)
Aix-les-Bains, France
Occupation Chief Rabbi of France
Bernheim receives the Légion d'honneur in 2009

Gilles Uriel Bernheim (French pronunciation: ​[ʒil y.ʁjɛl bɛʁ.nɛm]; born 30 May 1952) is a French philosopher[1] and rabbi who was formerly the Chief Rabbi of France. Born in Aix-les-Bains, Savoie, in 1952, he was elected by the general assembly of the Central Consistory chief rabbi of France on June 22, 2008, for a seven-year mandate starting from January 1, 2009.[2] Until then, he had been rabbi of synagogue de la Victoire, the main synagogue in Paris, since May 1, 1997. The Chief Rabbi of France was respected as a scholar not only in the Jewish community but in the wider academic world.[3] However, he resigned as chief rabbi in April 2013 before his term had ended, amid revelations of plagiarism and deception about his academic credentials.

He succeeded chief rabbi Joseph Sitruk.[4] He was very critical of the lifting of the excommunication of bishop Richard Williamson.[5]

The French Government appointed him Knight [Chevalier] in the Légion d'honneur, on April 10, 2009.

Career as chief rabbi[edit]

In October 2012, he took a clear position against gay marriage in a plagiarized essay entitled "Mariage homosexuel, homoparentalité et adoption : ce que l’on oublie souvent de dire"[6] (approximately equivalent to "Gay marriage, gay parenting and adoption: What we frequently forget to mention" in English)

« The problem in the proposed legislation, the harm it would cause to our entire society for the sole benefit of a tiny minority, once they have irreversibly blurred three things:

  • the genealogical substituents of parenthood in paternity and maternity,
  • the status of the child, shifts to being subject to that of an object to which anyone is entitled,
  • identities where naturally given sexual differentiation would be forced to give way to the orientation expressed by each in the name of countering inequality, twisted into the eradication of differences. »

This essay found a strong echo in Roman Catholic circles, culminating in Pope Benedict XVI quoting him at length in his annual address[7][8] to the Roman Curia, 21 December 2012

"The Chief Rabbi of France, Gilles Bernheim, has shown in a very detailed and profoundly moving study that the attack we are currently experiencing on the true structure of the family, made up of father, mother, and child, goes much deeper."

Personal[edit]

Bernheim's father was a wood seller and died when he was 14. His mother, Berthe (Blime), née Klein, is a former pupil of Antoinette Feuerwerker and was a teacher of mathematics. His wife is a psychoanalyst, and he is the father of four children.

Gilles Bernheim was a student of Séminaire israélite de France (fr) in Paris.[9]

Plagiarism and qualification scandal[edit]

The affair started in early March when the Strass de la Philosophie blog revealed that a passage on hasidic exegesis from Bernheim’s work was almost identical to an interview of the philosopher Jean-Francois Lyotard that appears in the 1996 book "Questioning Judaism" by Elisabeth Weber.[10]

Bernheim acknowledged that his that his 2011 book “40 Jewish Meditations” contained one passage that his ghostwriter plagiarized without Bernheim’s knowledge.[11][12][13] “I have been fooled,” he wrote. “However, I am responsible. I apologize to the authors whose texts have been copied, to the people who have read these 'meditations' and to my publisher who was not informed of the existence of an outsider.”[14] It was also revealed that he did not actually qualify for the prestigious title of "agrégé of philosophy" that had often been attributed to him.[15] The agrégé title required passing a rigorous examination that was necessary for becoming a professor of philosophy. While he may not have directly claimed to hold that qualification, he had allowed others to refer to him using the title without clarifying his actual status.

Le Figaro reported that “there was heavy pressure” on the part of unnamed officials from the Jewish community for Bernheim to resign.[11] On April 11, 2013 he resigned as chief rabbi.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perelman, Marc, New Chief Rabbi Appointed in France, Jewish Daily Forward, June 26, 2008.
  2. ^ France gets new chief rabbi, Yeshiva World News, June 23, 2008.
  3. ^ Sage, Adam (April 10, 2013). "Chief Rabbi Gilles Bernheim ‘set to quit’ over plagiarism". The Times (London: News Intl). ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ Anshel Pfeffer (June 24, 2008). Haaretz, ed. "Gilles Bernheim, 56, elected France's new grand rabbi". Retrieved November 16, 2008. 
  5. ^ Le Monde article
  6. ^ Gilles Bernheim. "Mariage homosexuel, homoparentalité et adoption : ce que l’on oublie souvent de dire. Essai de Gilles Bernheim, Grand Rabbin de France". le site du grand-rabbin de France. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "Benoît XVI: "Dans la lutte pour la famille, l'Homme est en jeu"". Le Figaro. 21 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "ADDRESS OF HIS HOLINESS BENEDICT XVI ON THE OCCASION OF CHRISTMAS GREETINGS TO THE ROMAN CURIA". Clementine Hall, Vatican City. 21 December 2012. 
  9. ^ (French) Who’s Who in France : Dictionnaire biographique de personnalités françaises vivant en France et à l’étranger, et de personnalités étrangères résidant en France, 44th edition for 2013 printed in 2012, 2371 p., 31 cm, ISBN 978-2-85784-053-4"Bernheim, Gilles, Uriel", page 268.
  10. ^ France's chief rabbi apologizes for plagiarism, Haaretz, April 3, 2013.
  11. ^ a b JTA; Gavriel Fiske (11 April 2013). "French chief rabbi quits amid plagiarism, qualification scandals". timesofisrael.com. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "La communauté juive est atterrée par les plagiats du grand rabbin de France". 
  13. ^ France's chief rabbi apologizes for plagiarism, Haaretz, April 3, 2013.
  14. ^ France's chief rabbi apologizes for plagiarism, Haaretz, April 3, 2013.
  15. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/jewish-world/jewish-world-news/france-s-chief-rabbi-resigns-admits-to-deception-local-media-reports-1.514955 (By Haaretz, 11 April 2013 at 3:47 PM). Retrieved 13 April 1013.
  16. ^ France's top rabbi Gilles Bernheim quits in plagiarism row at BBC Online; published 11 April 2013; retrieved 11 April 2013

Publications[edit]

  • Un Rabbin dans la Cité, Calmann-Levy, 1997
  • Le Souci des Autres au fondement de la loi juive, Calmann-Levy, 2002
  • Réponses juives aux défis d'aujourd'hui, Textuel, 2003
  • Le rabbin et le cardinal, Stock, 2008. Avec le cardinal Philippe Barbarin, prix Spiritualités d'Aujourd'hui 2008
  • N'oublions pas de penser la France", Stock, 2012

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]