|Canton||Aix-Centre, Nord-Grésy, and Aix-Sud|
|Intercommunality||Lac du Bourget|
|• Mayor||Dominique Dord|
|• Land1||12.62 km2 (4.87 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||2,100/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||73008 / 73100|
|Elevation||224–524 m (735–1,719 ft)
(avg. 320 m or 1,050 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The town lies at an altitude of about 250 m (820 ft) and stretches along the eastern end of Lac du Bourget and up the slopes above the lake that culminate in the Tour de L'Angle Est that overlooks the town and lake at a height of 1,562 m (5,124.67 ft). The western shore of the lake is narrower as the mountains along its edge are closer to the lakeshore, although lower than those on the eastern side. The lake drains out of its northern end into the Rhone river about 5 kilometres (3 miles) to the north.
Aix-les-Bains is situated in the hilly country of the Bugey that makes up the foothills of the Alps and also forms part of the lower western extension of the Jura Mountains.
Aix derives from Latin Aquae (literally, "waters"; cf Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) or Aix-en-Provence), and Aix was a bath during the Roman Empire, even before it was renamed Aquae Gratianae to commemorate the Emperor Gratian, who was assassinated not far away, in Lyon, in 383. Numerous Roman ruins survive.
Aix-les-bains became a popular spa hotspot at the end of the 19th century welcoming the like of Queen Victoria, John Pierpont Morgan, Sissi or Napoleon III. Today, many palaces remain of that golden era.
The Faure Museum, an art museum is situated at Aix-les-Bains. It was founded in 1949 and comprised the second collection in France of works from Rodin and the second collection of impressionist paintings of France.
The city's history can also be seen throughout the town's buildings. For example, the influence of Italians in the late 1800s can be seen on Avenue Marie de Solms. The Arch of Campanus is an Ancient Roman funerary monument located in the town.
From 1949 to 1961, Aix-les-Bains had a temporary race track, called the Circuit du Lac (lake race track), that received different events: Grand-Prix Formula 2, Formula Junior and Grand-Prix Motorcycle. Being close to Switzerland and Italy, these events always received international audiences.
On Saturday the 30th of March 2013 the final of group B of the U18 European Rugby Championships was played in Aix-les-Bains between The Netherlands and Croatia. The Dutch team won by 51 points to 3 to take the title.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Aix-les-Bains is twinned with:
- Philippe Zdar. Co-founder of house music duo Cassius. Music producer (Phoenix, The Rapture, Beastie Boys, Cat Power, -M-). Grammy Award winner in 2010 with Phoenix for the record Wolfgang Amadeus Phoenix
- Christophe Lemaitre. 100 m and 200 m record holder. First caucasian to break the 10-second barrier for 100m
- Laurence Ferrari, Journalist, former anchor of TF1 evening news, daughter of the former mayor of the city
- Matthieu Ricard, Buddhist monk
- Gilles Bernheim, former Chief Rabbi of France
- Agnès Soral, French actress
- Karl Zero, Talk show Host
- Herve Renard, Football Coach
- Brigadier-General, Baron Francois-Louis Forestier, killed in combat in 1814
- Baron Louis-Gaspard Forestier
- Major-General Vincent Eyre died here in 1881
- Times Atlas of the World, 12th Edition, Times Books Group Ltd., (2007)
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