The Lake Kivu beach at Gisenyi
|Admin. Province||Western Province|
|• Total||11 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,481 m (4,859 ft)|
|Population (2012 census)|
|• Density||4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
Gisenyi is a city in Rubavu district in the Western Province of Rwanda. Gisenyi is contiguous with Goma, the city across the border in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The population of the city is about 106 000 (2009).
The city features a resort on the shores of Lake Kivu, with several hotels and three sandy beaches. The area is also known for water sports. The northern shore of the lake on which Goma and Gisenyi lie is a flat plain featuring lava formations from the eruptions of nearby Mount Nyiragongo. In contrast to Goma, Gisenyi escaped the lava flows of both the 1977 and the 2002 eruptions which destroyed between 15 and 40% of the former. The centre of Gisenyi lies at the foot of hills in the north-east corner of the lake, and low-density expansion is taking place in the hills which should be safe from any future eruptions.
Gisenyi is a small town compared to neighboring Goma in the DRC, though Gisenyi is growing quickly. In 2011, a new multistory shopping mall began construction over an old bus station in Gisenyi. As of 2011, the main roads of the town are paved, and sidewalks are nearing completion for most of them as well.
Gisenyi has two borders with Goma, the "Petite Barriere" and the "Grand Barriere". These names are a little misleading because the Petite Barriere is physically larger, and features much higher traffic volumes. About six thousand people crossed the Petite Barriere daily during 2011. On the Gisenyi side, a large customs/immigration office was built with a large capacity, not yet matched by the Congolese facilities. Similarly, the road to the Petite Barriere is paved on the Rwandan side, but not on the Congolese side.
The Grande Barriere is paved on both sides, and receives more of the heavy truck traffic. It is also a diplomatic border.
It is the city where Laurent Nkunda is being held.
- "Ruanda: Die wichtigsten Orte mit Statistiken zu ihrer Bevölkerung". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2009-05-14.
- "Contact Us." Kigali Independent University. Retrieved on 28 February 2013.